Atlas of Time-Temperature Diagrams for Irons and Steels

Mục Lục

Type: 1006/1008, 13
Composition: Fe – 0.06% C – 0.43% Mn
Type: 1019, 13
Composition: Fe – 0.17% C – 0.92% Mn
Type: 1021, 13
Composition: Fe – 0.20% C – 0.81% Mn
Type: 1035 Mod., 13
Composition: Fe – 0.35% C =0.37% Mn
Type: 1045/1050, 14
Composition: Fe – 0.47% C – 0.57% Mn – 0.06% Cu
Type: 1045/1050 + Cu, 14
Composition: Fe – 0.48% C – 0.57% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.46%
Cu
Composition: Fe – 0.49% C – 0.57% Mn – 0.97% Cu
Composition: Fe – 0.49% C – 0.54% Mn – 0.20% Si – 1.49%
Cu
Type: 1050, 15
Composition: Fe – 0.50% C – 0.91% Mn
Type: 1055 Mod. 15
Composition: Fe – 0.54% C – 0.46% Mn
Type: 1060, 15
Composition: Fe – 0.63% C – 0.87% Mn
Type: 1060 Mod./ 1065 Mod., 15
Composition: Fe – 0.64% C – 1.13% Mn
Type: 1080, 16
Composition: Fe – 0.79% C – 0.76% Mn
Type: 1086/1095, 16
Composition: Fe – 0.89% C – 0.29% Mn
Type: WI Tool Steel, 16
Composition: Fe – 1.13% C – 0.30% Mn
Type: 1320, 16
Composition: Fe – 0.20% C – 1.88% Mn
Type: Carburized 1320 (0.4% C), 17
Composition: Fe – 0.4% C – 1.88% Mn
Type: Carburized 1320 (0.6% C), 17
Composition: Fe – 0.6% C – 1.88% Mn
Type: Carburized 1320 (0.8% C), 17
Composition: Fe – 0.8% C – 1.88% Mn
Type: Carburized 1320 (1.0% C), 18
Composition: Fe – 1.0% C – 1.88% Mn
Type: Carburized 1320 (1.2% C), 18
Composition: Fe – 1.2% C – 1.88% Mn
Type: 1335, 19
Composition: Fe – 0.35% C – 1.85% Mn
Type: 1340, 19
Composition: Fe – 0.43% C – 1.58% Mn (low Mn)
Type: Fe-Ni-C, 19
Composition: Fe – 0.56% C – 0.26% Mn – 1.97% Ni
Type: 2340, 19
Composition: Fe – 0.37% C – 0.68% Mn – 3.41% Ni
Type: Fe-Ni-C, 20
Composition: Fe – 0.59% C – 0.25% Mn – 3.90% Ni
Type: 2512, 20
Composition: Fe – 0.10% C – 0.52% Mn – 5.00% Ni
Type: Carburized 2512 (0.4% C), 20
Composition: Fe – 0.4% C – 0.52% Mn – 5.00% Ni

ix
Type: Carburized 2512 (0.6% C), 20
Composition: Fe – 0.6% C – 0.52% Mn – 5.00% Ni
Type: Carburized 2512 (0.8% C), 21
Composition: Fe – 0.8% C – 0.52% Mn – 5.00% Ni
Type: Carburized 2512 (1.0% C), 21
Composition: Fe – 1.0% C – 0.52% Mn – 5.00% Ni
Type: Carburized 2512 (1.2% C), 21
Composition: Fe – 1.2% C – 0.52% Mn – 5.00% Ni
Type: 2910, 22
Composition: Fe – 0.08% C – 0.49% Mn – 8.94% Ni
Type: 5140, 22
Composition: Fe – 0.42% C – 0.68% Mn – 0.93% Cr
Type: 5160, 22
Composition: Fe – 0.61% C – 0.94% Mn – 0.88% Cr
Type: ~21 00, 22
Composition: Fe – 1.02% C – 0.36% Mn – 0.20% Ni – 1.41%
Cr
Type: Fe-C-Cr, 23
Composition: Fe – 0.33% C – 0.45% Mn – 1.97% Cr
Type: Fe-C-Cr-Mo, 23
Composition: Fe – 0.11% C – 0.38% Mn – 0.44% Si – 5.46%
Cr – 0.42% Mo
Type: 410, 23
Composition: Fe – 0.11% C – 0.44% Mn – 0.37% Si – 0.16%
Ni – 12.18% Cr
Type: Fe-C-Ni-Cr-Mo-V, 23
Composition: Fe – 0.22% C – 0.54% Mn – 0.64% Ni – 12.46%
Cr – 0.99% Mo – 0.29% V
Type: 4027, 24
Composition: Fe – 0.26% C – 0.87% Mn – 0.26% Mo
Type: 4037, 24
Composition: Fe-0.35% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.25% Mo
Type: Fe-C-Mo, 24
Composition: Fe – 0.42% C – 0.20% Mn – 0.21% Mo
Type: 4047, 24
Composition: Fe – 0.48% C – 0.94% Mn – 0.25% Mo
Type: 4068, 25
Composition: Fe – 0.68% C – 0.87% Mn – 0.24% Mo
Type: Fe-C-Mo, 25
Composition: Fe – 0.97% C – 1.04% Mn – 0.32% Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.22% C – 0.79% Mn – 0.50% Mo
Type: Mn-Mo Weld Metal, 25
Composition: Fe-0.l0% C – 1.63% Mn – 0.41% Mo
Type: Fe-C-Mo, 26
Composition: Fe – 0.40% C – 0.42% Mn – 0.53% Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.36% C – 0.17% Mn – 0.82% Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.33% C – 0.41% Mn – 1.96% Mo
Type: Fe-C-Ni, 26
Composition: Fe – 0.40% C – 0.57% Mn – 3.49% Ni – 0.01%
Mo
Type: Fe-C-Ni-Mo, 27
Composition: Fe – 0.41% C – 0.60% Mn – 3.51% Ni – 0.21%
Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.39% C – 0.56% Mn – 3.53% Ni – 0.74%
Mo
Type: Fe-c-si, 27
Composiion: Fe – 0.50% C – 0.23% Mn – 0.53% Si – 0.05% Cr
Composition: Fe – 0.54% C – 0.23% Mn – 1.27% Si – 0.05%
Cr

Type: Fe-C-Si-Cr, 28
Composition: Fe – 0.66% C – 0.78% Mn – 1.62% Si – 0.77%
Cr
Composition: Fe – 0.63% C – 0.24% Mn – 2.32% Si – 0.32%
Cr
Composition: Fe – 0.61% C – 0.26% Mn – 3.80% Si – 0.32%
Cr
Type: 9260, 28
Composition: Fe – 0.62% C – 0.82% Mn – 2.01% Si – 0.07%
Cr
Type: 9261, 29
Composition: Fe – 0.62% C – 0.96% Mn – 2.01% Si – 0.16%
Cr
Type: 9262, 29
Composition: Fe – 0.62% C – 0.86% Mn – 2.13% Si – 0.33%
Cr
Type: 6145, 30
Composition: Fe – 0.43% C – 0.74% Mn – 0.92% Cr – 0.16%
V
Type: 6150, 30
Composition: Fe – 0.63% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.93% Cr – 0.18%
V
Type: Fe-C-Cr-Mo-V, 30
Composition: Fe – 0.23% C – 0.82% Mn – 1.22% Cr – 0.63%
Mo – 0.22% V
Composition: Fe – 0.40% C – 0.78% Mn – 1.26% Cr – 0.63%
Mo – 0.22% V
Type: Fe-C-Cr-Mo-V, 31
Composition: Fe – 0.33% C – 0.84% Mn – 1.05% Cr – 1.07%
Mo – 0.26% V
Type: Fe-C-Mn-Ni-V, 31
Composition: Fe – 0.20% C – 1.44% Mn – 0.49% Ni – 0.16%
V
Type: Fe-C-Ni-Mo-V, 31
Composition: Fe – 0.26% C – 0.67% Mn – 2.20% Ni – 0.48%
Mo – 0.09% V
Composition: Fe – 0.24% C – 0.69% Mn – 3.36% Ni – 0.60%
Mo – 0.09% V
Type: Fe-C-Mn-Ni-Cr-Mo-V, 32
Composition: Fe – 0.27% C – 0.84% Mn – 0.60% Ni – 0.73%
Cr – 0.90% Mo – 0.11% V
Composition: Fe – 0.26% C – 0.88% Mn – 0.69% Ni – 0.73%
Cr – 0.88% Mo – 0.23% V
Type: 3140, 32
Composition: Fe – 0.38% C – 0.72% Mn – 1.32% Ni – 0.49%
Cr
Type: 3310, 32
Composition: Fe – 0.11% C – 0.46% Mn – 3.33% Ni – 1.62%
Cr
Type: Carburized 3310 (0.4% C), 33
Composition: Fe – 0.4% C – 0.46% Mn – 3.33% Ni – 1.62% Cr
Type: Carburized 3310 (0.6% C), 33
Composition: Fe – 0.6% C – 0.45% Mn – 3.33% Ni – 1.52% Cr
Type: Carburized 3310 (0.8% C), 33
Composition: Fe – 0.8% C – 0.46% Mn – 3.33% Ni – 1.62% Cr
Type: Carburized 3310 (1.0% C), 34
Composition: Fe – 1.0% C – 0.45% Mn – 3.33% Ni – 1.52% Cr
Type: 4130, 34
Composition: Fe – 0.33% C – 0.63% Mn – 0.90% Cr – 0.18%
Mo
Type: 4137/4140, 34
Composition: Fe – 0.37% C – 0.77% Mn – 0.98% Cr – 0.21%
Mo
Type: 4150 Mod., 34
Composition: Fe – 0.66% C – 0.60% Mn – 1.03% Cr – 0.19%
Mo – 0.36% Ni

x
Type: 4317, 35
Composition: Fe – 0.17% C – 0.67% Mn – 1.87% Ni – 0.46%
Cr – 0.24% Mo
Type: 4340, 35
Composition: Fe – 0.42% C – 0.78% Mn – 1.79% Ni – 0.80%
Cr – 0.33% Mo
Type: 4360, 35
Composition: Fe – 0.62% C – 0.64% Mn – 0.67% Si – 1.79%
Ni – 0.60% Cr – 0.32% Mo
Type: 4615, 35
Composition: Fe – 0.16% C – 0.63% Mn – 1.90% Ni – 0.24%
Mo
Type: 4640, 36
Composition: Fe – 0.36% C – 0.63% Mn – 1.84% Ni – 0.23%
Mo
Type: 4815, 36
Composition: Fe – 0.16% C – 0.62% Mn – 3.36% Ni – 0.19%
Mo
Type: 4815 (1.0% C), 36
Composition: Fe – 0.97% C – 0.62% Mn – 3.36% Ni – 0.19%
Mo
Type: 8620, 36
Composition: Fe – 0.18% C – 0.79% Mn – 0.62% Ni – 0.66%
Cr – 0.19% Mo
Type: 8630, 37
Composition: Fe – 0.30% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.64% Ni – 0.66%
Cr – 0.21% Mo
Type: 8660, 37
Composition: Fe – 0.69% C – 0.89% Mn – 0.63% Ni – 0.64%
Cr – 0.22% Mo
Type: 8745, 37
Composition: Fe – 0.44% C – 0.90% Mn – 0.46% Ni – 0.64%
Cr – 0.22% Mo
Type: 9420, 37
Composition: Fe – 0.24% C – 0.94% Mn – 0.47% Si – 0.30%
Ni – 0.34% Cr – 0.14% Mo
Type: 9440, 38
Composition: Fe – 0.38% C – 1.08% Mn – 0.70% Si – 0.34%
Ni – 0.40% Cr – 0.11% Mo – 0.030% Zr
Type: 9860, 38
Composition: Fe – 0.67% C – 0.82% Mn – 1.16% Ni – 1.07%
Cr – 0.26% Mo
Type: Fe-Ni-Cr-Mo, 38
Composition: Fe – 0.14% C – 0.26% Mn – 2.21% Ni – 1.06%
Cr – 0.26% Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.13% C – 0.16% Mn – 3.08% Ni – 1.76%
Cr – 0.49% Mo
Type: Fe-Ni-Cr-Mo, 39
Composition: Fe – 0.66% C – 0.83% Mn – 1.16% Ni – 1.01%
Cr – 0.48% Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.61% C – 0.73% Mn – 2.74% Ni – 0.99%
Cr – 0.46% Mo
Type: Nitralloy, 135 Mod., 39
Composition: Fe – 0.41% C – 0.67% Mn – 1.67% Cr – 0.36%
Mo – 1.26% Al
Type: 1060/10B60, 39
Composition: Fe – 0.63% C – 0.87% Mn – none or 0.0018% B
Type: 4317/43BI7, 40
Composition: Fe – 0.17% C – 0.67% Mn – 1.87% Ni – 0.46%
Cr – 0.24% Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.14% C – 0.81% Mn – 1.81% Ni – 0.49%
Cr – 0.27% Mo – 0.0030% B

Type: 4615/46BI5, 40
Composition: Fe – 0.15% C – 0.63% Mn – 1.90% Ni – 0.24%
Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.16% C – 0.60% Mn – 1.92% Ni – 0.27%
Mo – 0.0017% B
Type: 5160/51B60, 40
Composition: Fe – 0.61% C – 0.94% Mn – 0.88% Cr
Composition: Fe – 0.64% C – 0.88% Mn – 0.83% Cr –
0.0006% B
Type: 8620/86B20, 40
Composition: Fe – 0.23% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.59% Ni – 0.52%
Cr – 0.21% Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.22% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.57% Ni – 0.51%
Cr – 0.20% Mo – 0.0025% B
Type: 8650/86B50, 41
Composition: Fe – 0.50% C – 0.77% Mn – 0.60% Ni – 0.51%
Cr – 0.22% Mo (0.21% Mo for 86B50 + 0.0016% B)
Type: 8680/86B80, 41
Composition: Fe – 0.79% C – 0.77% Mn – 0.58% Ni – 0.50%
Cr – 0.21% Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.78% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.59% Ni – 0.49%
Cr – 0.21% Mo – 0.0025% B
Type: 80B20, 41
Composition: Fe – 0.18% C – 0.57% Mn – 0.31% Ni – 0.31%
Cr – 0.15% Mo – 0.0009% B
Type: 81B40, 41
Composition: Fe – 0.43% C – 1.02% Mn – 0.31 % Ni – 0.48%
Cr – 0.13% Mo – 0.0009% B
Type: 86B45, 42
Composition: Fe – 0.45% C – 0.89% Mn – 0.59% Ni – 0.66%
Cr – 0.12% Mo – 0.0015% B
Type: 94B17, 42
Composition: Fe – 0.19% C – 0.77% Mn – 0.42% Ni – 040%
Cr – 0.12% Mo – 0.0018% B
Type: 98B45, 42
Composition: Fe – 0.46% C – 0.79% Mn – 0.91% Ni – 0.77%
Cr – 0.18% Mo – 0.0021% B
Type: USS Cor-Ten Steel, 42
Composition: Fe – 0.12% C – 0.45% Mn – 0.41% Si – 0.12% P
– 0.31% Ni – 0.62% Cr – 0.26% Cu
Type: USS Tl Steel, 43
Composition: Fe – 0.15% C – 0.92% Mn – 0.88% Ni – 0.50%
Cr – 0.46% Mo – 0.06% V – 0.32% Cu – 0.0031% B
Type: USS Strux, 43
Composition: Fe – 0.39% C – 0.89% Mn – 0.48% Si – 0.68%
Ni – 0.95% Cr – 0.50% Mo – 0.03% V – 0.002% B
Type: USS Airsteel X 200, 43
Composition: Fe – 0.44% C – 0.79% Mn – 1.63% Si – 2.10%
Cr – 0.54% Mo – 0.06% V
Type: 1021/1021 + 1 Ni, 43
Composition: Fe – 0.20% C – 0.81% Mn
Composition: Fe – 0.18% C – 0.67% Mn – 1.07% Ni
Type: 1021 + 1 Ni / 1021 + 1 Ni + B, 44
Composition: Fe – 0.18% C – 0.67% Mn – 1.07% Ni
Composition: Fe – 0.19% C – 0.75% Mn – 1.04% Ni +
0.0021% B
Type: 1021 + Ni / 1021 + 1 Ni + Mn, 44
Composition: Fe – 0.18% C – 0.67% Mn – 1.07% Ni
Composition: Fe – 0.17% C – 1.65% Mn – 1.07% Ni
Type: 1021 + 1 Ni / 1021 + 1 Ni + 0.5 Cr, 44
Composition: Fe – 0.18% C – 0.67% Mn – 1.07% Ni
Composition: Fe – 0.21% C – 0.75% Mn – 1.08% Ni – 0.48%
Cr
Type: 1021 + 1 Ni / 1021 + 1 Ni + 1 Cr, 44
Composition: Fe – 0.18% C – 0.67% Mn – 1.07% Ni
Composition: Fe – 0.21% C – 0.78% Mn – 1.09% Ni – 0.99%
Cr

xi
Type: 1021 + 1 Ni / 1021 + 1 Ni + 2 Cr, 45
Composition: Fe – 0.18% C – 0.67% Mn – 1.07% Ni
Composition: Fe – 0.22% C – 0.77% Mn – 1.08% Ni – 1.91%
Cr
Type: 1021 + 1 Ni / 1021 + 1 Ni + 0.25 Mo, 45
Composition: Fe – 0.18% C – 0.67% Mn – 1.07% Ni
Composition: Fe – 0.18% C – 0.65% Mn – 1.09% Ni – 0.26%
Mo
Type: 1021 + 1 Ni / 1021 + 1 Ni + 0.5 Mo, 45
Composition: Fe – 0.18% C – 0.67% Mn – 1.07% Ni
Composition: Fe – 0.21% C – 0.70% Mn – 1.08% Ni – 0.49%
Mo
Type: 1021 + 1 Ni / 1021 + 1 Ni + 0.75 si, 45
Composition: Fe – 0.18% C – 0.67% Mn – 1.07% Ni
Composition: Fe – 0.18% C – 0.75% Mn – 0.71% Si – 1.07%
Ni
Type: 1021 + 1 Ni / 1021 + 1 Ni + 2 Si, 46
Composition: Fe – 0.18% C – 0.67% Mn – 1.07% Ni
Composition: Fe – 0.19% C – 0.75% Mn – 2.09% Si – 1.06%
Ni
Type: 1030 Mod., 46
Composition: Fe – 0.27% C – 1.12% Mn
Type: 4140, 46
Composition: Fe – 0.37% C – 0.77% Mn – 0.98% Cr – 0.21%
Mo
Type: Fe-C-Mo, 46
Composition: Fe – 0.22% C – 0.79% Mn – 0.50% Mo
Type: 1086/1095 + 0.25% V, 47
Composition: Fe – 0.87% C – 0.30% Mn – 0.27% V
Type: 52100, 47
Composition: Fe – 1.02% C – 0.36% Mn – 0.20% Ni – 1.41%
Cr
Type: Fe-C-Mo, 47
Composition: Fe – 0.97% C – 1.04% Mn – 0.32% Mo
Type: Fe-C (Carbon), 48
Composition: Fe – 0.54% C – 0.46% Mn
Composition: Fe – 0.89% C – 0.30% Mn
Composition: Fe – 1.13% C – 0.30% Mn
Type: Fe-C-Mn (Manganese), 48
Composition: Fe – 0.59% C – 0.30% Mn
Composition: Fe – 0.54% C – 0.45% Mn
Composition: Fe – 0.50% C – 0.91% Mn
Composition: Fe – 0.64% C – 1.13% Mn
Composition: Fe – 0.65% C – 1.32% Mn
Type: Fe-C-Ni (Nickel), 49
Composition: Fe – 0.59% C – 0.20% Mn
Composition: Fe – 0.61% C – 0.19% Mn – 0.94% Ni
Composition: Fe – 0.57% C – 0.17% Mn – 1.94% Ni
Composition: Fe – 0.55% C – 0.17% Mn – 3.88% Ni
Type: Fe-C-Cr (Chrominum), 49
Composition: Fe – 1.13% C – 0.30% Mn
Composition: Fe – 1.17% C – 0.30% Mn – 0.26% Cr
Type: Fe-C-Cr (Chromium), 50
Composition: Fe – 0.35% C – 0.37% Mn
Composition: Fe – 0.37% C – 0.37% Mn – 0.57% Cr
Composition: Fe – 0.42% C – 0.68% Mn – 0.93% Cr
Composition: Fe – 0.32% C – 0.45% Mn – 1.97% Cr
Type: Fe-C-Mo (Molybdenum), 50
Composition: Fe – 0.35% C – 0.37% Mn
Composition: Fe – 0.42% C – 0.20% Mn – 0.21% Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.40% C – 0.43% Mn – 0.52% Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.36% C – 0.17% Mn – 0.82% Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.33% C – 0.41% Mn – 1.96% Mo
Type: Fe-C-V (Vanadium), 51
Composition: Fe – 0.88% C – 0.41% Mn
Composition: Fe – 0.90% C – 0.47% Mn – 0.20% V

Type: Fe-C-Co (Cobalt), 51
Composition: Fe – 0.95% C – 0.45% Mn
Composition: Fe – 0.95% C – 0.48% Mn – 0.96% Co
Composition: Fe – 0.98% C – 0.49% Mn – 1.98% Co
BRITISH EN STEELS, 55 – 114
Introduction, 55 – 94
En 42 (1074/1075), 95
Composition: 0.76% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.016% S –
0.017% P – 0.20% Ni – 0.17% Cr – 0.02% Mo
En 44 (1095), 95
Composition: 0.96% C – 0.55% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.012% S –
0.013% P – 0.08% Ni – 0.11% Cr – 0.01% Mo
En 15 (1536), 95
Composition: 0.33% C – 1.54% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.024% S –
0.021% P – 0.18% Ni – 0.15% Cr – 0.06% Mo
En 14B (1527), 95
Composition: 0.29% C – 1.67% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.030% S –
0.035% P – 0.21% Ni – 0.12% Cr – 0.04% Mo
En 45 (9260), 96
Composition: 0.55% C – 0.87% Mn – 1.74% Si – 0.037% S –
0.038% P – 0.16% Ni – 0.10% Cr – 0.02% Mo
En 12 (1030 + 0.9% Ni), 96
Composition: 0.33% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.025% S –
0.022% P – 0.89% Ni – 0.10% Cr – 0.05% Mo
En 11 (5060), 96
Composition: 0.59% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.012% S –
0.020% P – 0.17% Ni – 0.65% Cr – 0.02% Mo
En 18 (5150), 96
Composition: 0.48% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.021% S –
0.023% P – 0.18% Ni – 0.98% Cr – 0.04% Mo
En 31 (52100), 97
Composition: 1.08% C – 0.53% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.015% S –
0.022% P – 0.33% Ni – 1.46% Cr – 0.06% Mo
En 56 (420 Stainless Steel), 97
Composition: 0.24% C – 0.27% Mn – 0.37% Si – 0.010% S –
0.021% P – 0.32% Ni – 13.3% Cr – 0.06% Mo
En 16 (4032), 97
Composition: 0.33% C – 1.48% Mn – 0.18% Si – 0.028% S –
0.028% P – 0.26% Ni – 0.16% Cr – 0.27% Mo
En 17 (4037), 97
Composition: 0.38% C – 1.49% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.028% S –
0.056% P – 0.24% Ni – 0.14% Cr – 0.41% Mo
En 21 (2330), 98
Composition: 0.33% C – 0.74% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.027% S –
0.031% P – 3.47% Ni – 0.07% Cr – 0.11% Mo
En 111 (3135), 98
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.89% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.035% S –
0.025% P – 1.24% Ni – 0.63% Cr – 0.05% Mo
En 47 (6150), 98
Composition: 0.51% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.020% S –
0.021% P – 0.15% Ni – 0.94% Cr – 0.05% Mo – 0.20% V
En 19 (4140), 98
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.016% S –
0.015% P – 0.20% Ni – 1.01% Cr – 0.23% Mo
En 20, 99
Composition: 0.27% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.13% Si – 0.022% S –
0.030% P – 0.19% Ni – 0.74% Cr – 0.55% Mo
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.58% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.036% S –
0.028% P – 0.15% Ni – 1.39% Cr – 0.74% Mo
En 40B, 99
Composition: 0.26% C – 0.55% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.022% S –
0.010% P – 0.25% Ni – 3.34% Cr – 0.54% Mo

xii
En 13 (8717), 99
Composition: 0.19% C – 1.37% Mn – 0.14% Si – 0.012% S –
0.026% P – 0.56% Ni – 0.20% Cr – 0.31% Mo
En 23 (3435 + Mo), 100
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.61% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.013% S –
0.018% P – 3.22% Ni – 0.63% Cr – 0.22% Mo
En 25 (3430 + Mo), 100
Composition: 0.31% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.012% S –
0.018% – 2.63% Ni – 0.64% Cr – 0.58% Mo
En 30B (3335 + Mo), 100
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.47% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.020% S –
0.022% P – 4.13% Ni – 1.21% Cr – 0.30% Mo
En 110 (4340), 100
Composition: 0.39% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.018% S –
0.021% P – 1.44% Ni – 1.11% Cr – 0.18% Mo
En 24 (4340), 101
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.69% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.010% S –
0.017% P – 1.58% Ni – 0.95% Cr – 0.26% Mo
En 26 (4340), 101
Composition: 0.42% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.022% S –
0.029% P – 2.53% Ni – 0.72% Cr – 0.48% Mo
En 100 (8640/8740), 101
Composition: 0.40% C – 1.34% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.027% S –
0.028% P – 1.03% Ni – 0.53% Cr – 0.22% Mo
En 28, 101
Composition: 0.26% C – 0.52% Mn – 0.15% Si – 0.024% S –
0.010% P – 3.33% Ni – 1.14% Cr – 0.65% Mo – 0.16% V
En 351 (3120), 102
Composition: 0.17% C – 0.88% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.016% S –
0.019% P – 0.86% Ni – 0.69% Cr – 0.05% Mo
Carburized En 351 (3120 at 0.9% C), 102
Composition: 0.92% C – 0.93% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.019% S –
0.028% 0 – 0.90% Ni – 0.57% Cr – 0.03% Mo
En 352 (3120), 103
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.71% Mn – 0.15% Si – 0.018% S –
0.032% P – 1.13% Ni – 0.80% Cr – 0.05% Mo
Carburized En 352 (3120 at 1% C), 103
Composition: 0.96% C – 0.74% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.016% S –
0.029% P – 1.19% Ni – 0.84% Cr – 0.09% Mo
En 33, 104
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.36% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.028% S –
0.010% P – 2.89% Ni – 0.28% Cr – 0.09% Mo
Carburized En 33, 104
Composition: 0.95% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.015% S –
0.28% P – 2.95% Ni – 0.36% Cr – 0.08% Mo
En 36 (9310), 105
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.38% Mn – 0.13% Si – 0.016% S –
0.023% P – 3.26% Ni – 0.87% Cr – 0.08% Mo
En 36 (9310), 105
Composition: 0.14% C – 0.46% Mn – 0.19% Si – 0.009% S –
0.006% P – 3.55% Ni – 1.11% Cr – 0.12% Mo
Carburized En 36 (9310 at 0.7% C), 107
Composition: 0.70% C – 0.35% Mn – 0.16% Si – 0.018% S –
0.025% P – 3.24% Ni – 0.96% Cr – 0.06% Mo
Carburized En 36 (9310 at 1% C), 106
Composition: 1.00% C – 0.30% Mn – 0.12% Si – 0.016% S –
0.028% P – 3.27% Ni – 0.90% Cr – 0.07% Mo
En 39A (9310), 107
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.38% Mn – 0.09% Si – 0.010% S –
0.026% P – 4.15% Ni – 1.33% Cr – 0.07% Mo
Carburized En 39A (9310 at 0.5% C), 107
Composition: 0.54% C – 0.34% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.019% S –
0.024% P – 3.92% Ni – 1.28% Cr – 0.07% Mo
Carburized En 39A (9310 at 1% C), 108
Composition: 1.02% C – 0.47% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.018% S –
0.029% P – 4.15% Ni – 1.22% Cr – 0.05% Mn

En 34, 108
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.63% Mn – 0.18% Si – 0.011% S –
0.022% P – 1.66% Ni – 0.26% Cr – 0.26% Mo
Carburized En 34, 109
Composition: 0.99% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.016% S –
0.026% P – 1.61% Ni – 0.32% Cr – 0.29% Mo
En 39B (9315), 109
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.38% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.018% S –
0.027% P – 4.33% Ni – 1.16% Cr – 0.17% Mo
Carburized En 39B (9315 at 0.6% C), 110
Composition: 0.66% C – 0.47% Mn – 0.18% Si – 0.028% S –
0.020% P – 4.26% Ni – 1.16% Cr – 0.18% Mo
Carburized En 39B (9315 at 0.9% C), 110
Composition: 0.93% C – 0.50% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.017% S –
0.026% P – 4.26% Ni – 1.18% Cr – 0.16% Mo
En 355, 111
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.61% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.011% S –
0.016% P – 2.00% Ni – 1.66% Cr – 0.19% Mo
Carburized En 355, III
Composition: 0.93% C – 0.71% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.017% S –
0.029% P – 2.10% Ni – 1.70% Cr – 0.20% Mo
En 353, 112
Composition: 0.18% C – 0.93% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.008% S –
0.016% P – 1.34% Ni – 1.11% Cr – 0.11% Mo
Carburized En 353, 112
Composition: 1.00% C – 0.99% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.012% S –
0.023% P – 1.42% Ni – 1.12% Cr – 0.11% Mo
En 354 (4320), 113
Composition: 0.19% C – 0.90% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.016% S –
0.017% P – 1.87% Ni – 1.08% Cr – 0.18% Mo
Carburized En 354 (4320 at 1% C), 113
Composition: 0.97% C – 1.00% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.018% S –
0.029% P – 1.93% Ni – 1.13% Cr – 0.23% Mo

GERMAN STEELS, 117 – 161
Example Page, 117
Ck 45 0.44% C – 0.66% Mn (SAE 1042), 118
Composition: 0.44% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.022% P –
0.029% S – 0.16% Cr – 0.02% V
C 70 W 1 0.76% C – 0.29% Mn (SAE 1078), 119
Composition: 0.76% C – 0.29% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.008% P –
0.008% S – 0.11% Cr – 0.17% Cu – 0.019% Mo – 0.07% Ni –
0.02% V
C 100 W 1 1.03% C – 0.22% Mn (AISI WI Tool
Steel), 120
Composition: 1.03% C – 0.22% Mn – 0.17% Si – 0.014% P –
0.012% S – 0.07% Cr – 0.14% Cu – 0.01% Mo – 0.10% Ni –
trace V
0.48% C – 1.98% Mn, 121
Composition: 0.48% C – 1.98% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.020% P –
0.011% S
0.98% C – 1.84% Mn, 122
Composition: 0.98% C – 1.84% Mn – 0.08% Si – 0.023% P –
0.011% S
0.73% C – 1.62% Si (71 Si 7), 123
Composition: 0.73% C – 0.73% Mn – 1.62% Si – 0.019% P –
0.012 S – 0.10% Cr – 0.19% Cu – 0.12% Ni – 0.01% V
0.30% C – 3.03% Ni (SAE 2330), 124
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.61%,Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.011% P –
0.007% S – 0.032% Al – 0.07% Cr – 3.03% Ni – <0.01% Ti

xiii
34 Cr 4 (SAE 5135), 125
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.666% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.026% P –
0.013% S – 1.11% Cr – 0.18% Cu – 0.05% Mo – 0.23% Ni –
<0.01% V
41 Cr 4 (SAE 5140), 126
Composition: 0.44% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.030% P –
0.023% S – 1.04% Cr – 0.17% Cu – 0.04% Mo – 0.26% Ni –
<0.01% V
100 Cr 6, 127
Composition: 1.04% C – 0.33% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.023% P –
0.006% S – 1.63% Cr – 0.20% Cu – <0.01% Mo – 0.31% Ni –
<0.01% V
X 40 Cr 13 (AISI 420 Stainless Steel), 128
Composition: 0.44% C – 0.20% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.026% P –
0.010% S – 13.12% Cr – 0.09% Cu – <0.01% Mo – 0.31% Ni –
0.02% V
X 210 Cr (AISI D3 Tool Steel), 129
Composition: 2.08% C – 0.39% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.017% P –
0.012% S – 11.48% Cr – 0.16% Cu – 0.02% Mo – 0.31% Ni –
0.04% V
20 Mo 5, 130
Composition: 0.23% C – 0.65% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.013% P –
0.030% S – 0.061% Al – 0.12% Cr – 0.08% Cu – 0.60% Mo –
0.06% Ni – 0.03% V
37 MnSi 5, 131
Composition: 0.38% C – 1.14% Mn – 1.06% Si – 0.036% P –
0.019% S – 0.23% Cr – 0.02% V
16 MnCr 5 (SAE 5115), 132
Composition: 0.16% C – 1.12% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.030% P –
0.008% S – 0.016% Al – 0.99% Cr – 0.02% Mo – 0.12% Ni –
0.01% V
50 CrY 4 (SAE 6145), 133
Composition: 0.47% C – 0.82% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.036% P –
0.016% S – 1.20% Cr – 0.14% Cu – 0.04% Ni – 0.11% V
50 CrY 4 (SAE 6150), 134
Composition: 0.66% C – 0.98% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.017% P –
0.013% S – 1.02% Cr – 0.07% Cu – 0.01% Ni – 0.11% V
0.15% C – 0.67% Mn – 1.20% Cr – 0.31% Y (SAE
6115), 135
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.48% Si – 0.044% P –
0.024% S – 1.20% Cr – 0.18% Cu – 0.26% Ni – 0.31% V
15 CrNi 6, 136
Composition: 0.13% C – 0.61% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.023% P –
0.009% S – 0.010% Al – 1.60% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 1.56% Ni –
<0.01% V
18 CrNi 8, 136
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.013% P –
0.014% S – 0.03% Al – 1.96% Cr – 0.03% Mo – 2.02% Ni –
0.01% V
14 NiCr 14, 137
Composition: 0.13% C – 0.46% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.013% P –
0.012% S – 0.012% Al – 0.78% Cr – 0.16% Cu – 0.04% Mo –
3.69% Ni
25 CrMo 4 (SAE 4118), 138
Composition: 0.22% C – 0.64% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.010% P –
0.011% S – 0.97% Cr – 0.16% Cu – 0.23% Mo – 0.33% Ni –
<0.01% V
34 CrMo 4 (SAE 4130), 139
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.64% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.011% P –
0.012% S – 1.01% Cr – 0.19% Cu – 0.24% Mo – 0.11% Ni –
<0.01% V
42 CrMo 4 (SAE 4135/4140), 140
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.64% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.019% P –
0.013% S – 0.99% Cr – 0.17% Cu – 0.16% Mo – 0.08% Ni –
<0.01% V

50 CrMo 4 (SAE 4150), 141
Composition: 0.50% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.017% P –
0.022% S – 1.04% Cr – 0.17% Cu – 0.24% Mo – 0.11% Ni –
<0.01% V
20 MoCr 4, 142
Composition: 0.22% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.018% P –
0.011% S – 0.049% Al – <0.0005% B – 0.56% Cr – 0.18% Cu
– 0.44% Mo – 0.020% N – 0.15% Ni
Composition: 0.27% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.017% P –
0.022% S – 0.034% Al – 0.002% B – 0.50% Cr 0.45% Mo –
0.005% N – 0.11% Ni
StE 70 (Cr-Mo-Zr), 143
Composition: 0.17% C – 0.84% Mn – 0.54% Si – 0.019% P –
0.011% S – 0.031% Al – 0.019% As – 0.89% Cr – 0.07% Cu –
0.40% Mo – 0.05% Ni – 0.008% N2 – 0.005% 02 – 0.008% Sn
– 0.01% V – 0.09% Zr
StE 47 (Ni-V), 143
Composition: 0.21% C – 1.52% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.022% P –
0.023% S – 0.043% Al – 0.019% N – 0.07% Ni – 0.13% V
StE 47 (Ni-Ti), 144
Composition: 0.17% C – 1.45% Mn – 0.55% Si – 0.016% P –
0.017% S – 0.055% Al – 0.74% Ni – 0.18% Ti
105 WCr 6, 145
Composition: 1.03% C – 0.97% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.016% P –
0.018% S – 1.05% Cr – 0.25% Cu – 0.03% Mo – 0.13% Ni –
1.15% W
0.20% C – 1.20% Mn – 0.97% Cu – 0.55% Ni, 146
Composition: 0.20% C – 1.20% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.039% P –
0.024% S – 0.06% Cr – 0.91% Cu – 0.55% Ni
28 NiCrMo 7 4, 147
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.46% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.030% P –
0.025% S – 1.44% Cr – 0.20% Cu – 0.37% Mo – 2.06% Ni –
<0.01% V
X 45 NiCrMo 4, 148
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.35% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.010% P –
0.015% S – 1.27% Cr – 0.16% Cu – 0.24% Mo – 4.03% Ni –
0.04% V
20 NiMoCr 6, 149
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.15% Si – 0.015% P –
0.020% S – 0.015% Al – <0.0005% B – 0.47% Cr – 0.48% Mo
– 1.58% Ni
61 CrSiV 5, 150
Composition: 0.58% C – 0.81% Mn – 0.89% Si – 0.013% P –
0.006% S – 1.27% Cr – 0.14% Cu – 0.02% Mo – 0.06% Ni –
0.11% V
X 38 CrMoV 5 1 (AISI H 11 Tool Steel), 151
Composition: 0.39% C – 0.48% Mn – 0.94% Si – 0.013% P –
0.005% S – 5.53% Cr – 0.20% Cu – 0.87% Mo – 0.04% Ni –
0.48% V
45 CrMoV 6 7, 152
Composition: 0.48% C – 0.75% Mn – 0.27 % Si – 0.011% P –
0.011% S – 1.81% Cr – 0.72% Mo – 0.11% Ni – 0.23% V
StE 47 (Cu-Ni-V), 153
Composition: 0.12% C – 1.28% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.015% P –
0.016% S – 0.024% Al – 0.67% Cu – 0.62% Ni – 0.15% V
StE 47 (Cu-Ni-Ti), 153
Composition: 0.12% C – 1.28% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.015% P –
0.016% S – 0.021% Al – 0.67% Cu – 0.62% Ni – 0.18% Ti
56 NiCrMoV 7, 154
Composition: 0.52% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.010% P –
0.010% S – 1.09% Cr – 0.43% Mo – 1.72% Ni – 0.14% V
X 30 WCrV 5 3, 155
Composition: 0.28% C – 0.39% Mn – 0.16% Si – 0.020% P –
0.006% S – 2.35% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 0.06% Ni – 0.53% V –
4.10% W

xiv
X 30 WCrV 9 3, 156
Composition: 0.28% C – 0.36% Mn – 0.11% Si – 0.008% P –
0.004% S – 2.57% Cr – 0.03% Mo – 0.04% Ni – 0.35% V –
8.88% W
X 210 CrW 12, 157
Composition: 2.19% C – 0.32% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.027% P –
0.008% S – 11.75% Cr – 0.12% Cu – 0.12% Mo – 0.08% Ni –
0.08% V – 0.84% W
60 WCrV 7, 158
Composition: 0.55% C – 0.34% Mn – 0.94% Si – 0.015% P –
0.012% S – 1.27% Cr – 0.05% Mo – 0.12% Ni – 0.18% V –
2.10% W
45 CrVMoW 5 8, 159
Composition: 0.39% C – 0.45% Mn – 0.58% Si – 0.018% P –
0.003% S – 1.45% Cr – 0.47% Mo – 0.13% Ni – 0.70% V –
0.55% W
B 18 (AISI Tl High Speed Steel), 160
Composition: 0.81% C – 0.33% Mn – 0.15% Si – 0.024% P –
0.003% S – 3.77% Cr – 0.44% Mo – 0.12% Ni – 1.07% V –
18.25% W
D, 160
Composition: 0.87% C – 0.32% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.020% P –
0.005% S – 8.99% Cr – 0.80% Mo – 0.11% Ni – 2.52% V –
11.91% W
D Mo 5, 161
Composition: 0.85% C – 0.31% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.015% P –
0.010% S – 4.15% Cr – 4.79% Mo – 0.18% Ni – 2.01% V –
6.34% W
E 18 Co 5 (AISI T4 High Speed Steel), 161
Composition: 0.80% C – 0.30% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.019% P –
0.005% S – 4.52% Co – 4.34% Cr – 0.78% Mo – 0.30% Ni –
1.52% V – 17.89% W
FRENCH STEELS, 163 – 220
XC 32 Steel, 165
Composition: 0.35% C – 0.69% Mo – 0.31% Si – 0.018% S –
0.011% P – 0.31% Ni – 0.12% Cr – 0.04% Mo – 0.14% CU
XC 38 Steel, 165
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.016% S –
0.020% P – 0.02% Ni – 0.21% Cr – 0.02% Mo – 0.22% Cu –
0.060% Al
XC 42 Steel, 165
Composition: 0.45% C – 0.52% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.025% S –
0.015% P – 0.12% Ni – 0.05% Cr – 0.01% Mo – 0.13% Cu
Composition: 0.44% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.028% S –
0.038% P – 0.09% Ni – 0.16% Cr – 0.02% Mo
XC 55 Steel, 166
Composition: 0.53% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.35% Si – 0.010% S –
0.020% P – 0.24% Ni – 0.09% Cr – <0.10% Mo – 0.52% Cu –
<0.03% V
Composition: 0.52% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.017% S –
0.020% P – 0.05% Ni – <0.04% Cr – <0.05% Mo
XC 70 Steel, 166
Composition: 0.75% C – 0.75% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.010% S –
0.012% P – 0.43% Ni – 0.06% Cr – <0.10% Mo – 0.56% Cu –
<0.03% V
Composition: 0.72% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.026% S –
0.031% P
55 S 7 Steel, 167
Composition: 0.55% C – 0.61% Mn – 1.68% Si – 0.014% S –
0.012% P – 0.19% Ni – 0.05% Cr – 0.01% Mo – 0.20% Cu –
trace V – 0.05% Ti
35 M 5 Steel, 167
Composition: 0.33% C – 1.12% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.027% S –
0.018% P – 0.24% Ni – 0.11% Cr – 0.04% Mo – 0.19% Cu –
0.010% Al

45 M 5 Steel, 168
Composition: 0.47% C – 1.37% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.025% S –
0.015% P – 0.02% Ni – 0.15% Cr – 0.19% Cu
25 M 6 Steel, 169
Composition: 0.24% C – 1.58% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.014% S –
0.016% P – 0.20% Ni – 0.24% Cr – 0.02% Mo – 0.12% Cu –
0.018% Co
10 N 14 Steel, 169
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.44% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.007% S –
0.010% P – 3.47% Ni – 0.10% Cr – 0.04% Mo – 0.15% Cu –
0.007% AI
Z 10 N 5 Steel, 169
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.46% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.011% S –
0.025% P – 6.00% Ni – 0.23% Cr – 0.04% Mo – 0.14% Cu
Zl0N9Steel, 170
Composition: 0.09% C – 0.51% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.008% S –
0.010% P – 9.00% Ni – 0.06% Cr – 0.03% Mo – 0.13% Cu –
0.012% AI
32 C 4 Steel, 170
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.010% S –
0.021% P – 0.26% Ni – 1.08% Cr – 0.02% Mo – 0.17% Cu
38 C 4 Steel, 171
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.74% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.010% S –
0.023% P – 0.26% Ni – 0.90% Cr – 0.04% Mo – 0.17% Cu
42 C 4 Steel, 171
Composition: 0.44% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.013% S –
0.030% P – 0.46% Ni – 0.96% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 0.18% Cu
100 C 6 Steel, 172
Composition: 1.00% C – 0.30% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.030% S –

0.013% P – 0.21% Ni – 1.71% Cr – 0.04% Mo – 0.14% Cu-
0.010% V – 0.02% Ti

Z 40 C 14 Steel, 172
Composition: 0.42% C – 0.16% Mn – 0.44% Si – 0.049% S –
0.042% P – 0.27% Ni – 13.40% Cr – 0.08% Cu
60 SC 7 Steel, 173
Composition: 0.66% C – 0.88% Mn – 1.62% Si – 0.006% S –
0.032% P – 0.07% Ni – 0.74% Cr – 0.01% Mo – 0.03% Cu
Composition: 0.64% C – 0.74% Mn – 1.61% Si – 0.020% S –
0.016% P – 0.07% Ni – 0.61% Cr – 0.10% Cu
40 CV 5 Steel, 173
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.41% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.010% S –
0.013% P – 0.03% Ni – 1.29% Cr – <0.10% Mo – 0.06% Cu –
0.120% V
50 CV 4 Steel, 174
Composition: 0.63% C – 0.81% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.016% S –
0.024% P – 0.07% Ni – 1.09% Cr – 0.01% Mo – 0.11% Cu –
0.100% V
90 MV 8 Steel, 174
Composition: 0.81% C – 2.10% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.003% S –
0.016% P – 0.06% Ni – 0.02% Cr – 0.01% Mo – 0.04% Cu –
0.17% V – 0.06% w
15 MDV 4-05 Steel, 175
Composition: 0.14% C – 1.20% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.017% S –
0.016% P – 0.16% Ni – 0.10% Cr – 0.48% Mo – 0.15% Cu –
0.066% V
16 MC 5 Steel, 175
Composition: 0.18% C – 1.10% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.026% S –
0.023% P – 0.28% Ni – 1.02% Cr – 0.04% Mo – 0.18% Cu
90 M 5 Steel, 176
Composition: 0.93% C – 1.26% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.007% S –
0.020% P – 0.24% Ni – 0.60% Cr – 0.16% Cu
50 NC 2 Steel, 176
Composition: 0.50% C – 0.78% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.027% S –
0.010% P – 0.48% Ni – 0.62% Cr – 0.03% Mo – 0.12% Cu

xv
35 NC 6 Steel, 177
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.65% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.007% S –
0.014% P – 0.93% Ni – 0.80% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 0.10% Cu –
0.010% V
10 NC 6 Steel, 177
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.006% S –
0.017% P – 1.59% Ni – 0.64% Cr – <0.10% Mo – 0.31% Cu –
<0.03% V
16 NC 6 Steel, 178
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.30% Si – <0.010% S –
0.013% P – 1.38% Ni – 0.82% Cr – 0.09% Mo – 0.11% Cu
20 NC 6 Steel, 178
Composition: 0.19% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.010% S –
0.018% P – 1.52% Ni – 0.81% Cr – <0.10% Mo – 0.20% Cu –
<0.030% V
14NC 11 Steel, 179
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.61% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.014% S –
0.013% P – 2.69% Ni – 0.70% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 0.18% Cu
35 NC 15 Steel, 179
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.63% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.010% S –
0.013% P – 3.74% Ni – 1.86% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 0.13% Cu –
0.002% Ti
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.44% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.003% S –
0.018% P – 3.40% Ni – 1.60% Cr – 0.16% Mo – 0.13% Cu –
0.016% V
30 NC 11 Steel, 180
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.30% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.008% S –
0.017% P – 2.96% Ni – 0.69% Cr – <0.10% Mo – 0.31% Cu –
<0.030% V – 0.06% W
50 CD 4 Steel, 180
Composition: 0.62% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.011% S –
0.013% P – 0.17% Ni – 1.00% Cr – 0.22% Mo – 0.38% Cu –
<0.06% V
18 CD 4 Steel, 181
Composition: 0.17% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.026% S –
0.020% P – 0.21% Ni – 1.06% Cr – 0.24% Mo – 0.18% Cu –
0.006% V – 0.032% Ti
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.010% S –
0.014% P – 0.14% Ni – 0.84% Cr – 0.20% Mo
25 CD 4 Steel, 181
Composition: 0.26% C – 0.68% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.090% S –
0.018% P – 0.19% Ni – 1.10% Cr – 0.22% Mo – 0.16% Cu
35 CD 4 Steel, 182
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.79% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.010% S –
0.019% P – <0.17% Ni – 1.00% Cr – 0.18% Mo – 0.10% Cu
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.77% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.010% S –
0.019% P – 0.16% Ni – 0.96% Cr – 0.28% Mo
100 CD 7 Steel, 182
Composition: 1.07% C – 0.32% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.016% S –
0.012% P – 0.17% Ni – 2.06% Cr – 0.18% Mo – 0.13% Cu
30 CD 12 Steel, 183
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.63% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.016% S –
0.010% P – 0.17% Ni – 2.99% Cr – 0.43% Mo – 0.13% Cu
Z 15 CD 5-05 Steel, 183
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.47% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.016% S –
0.016% P – 0.23% Ni – 4.48% Cr – 0.62% Mo – 0.16% Cu
45 SC 6 Steel, 184
Composition: 0.43% C – 0.96% Mn – 1.38% Si – <0.010% S –
0.012% P – 0.03% Ni – 1.06% Cr – <0.10% Mo – <0.06% Cu
– 0.035% V
45 SCD 6 Steel, 184
Composition: 0.46% C – 0.66% Mn – 1.31% Si – 0.006% S –
0.013% P – 0.21% Ni – 0.60% Cr – 0.22% Mo – 0.27% Cu –
<0.06% V – trace Ti
Composition: 0.42% C – 0.70% Mn – 1.40% Si – 0.006% S –
0.016% P – 0.24% Ni – 0.68% Cr – 0.19% Mo – 0.03%

45 MS 6 Steel, 185
Composition: 0.45% C – 1.50% Mn – 1.34% Si – <0.010% S –
0.017% P – 0.03% Ni – 0.03% Cr – <0.01% Mo – 0.09% Cu –
0.040% V
15 MDV 4-05 Steel, 185
Composition: 0.14% C – 1.20% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.017% S –
0.016% P – 0.15% Ni – 0.10% Cr – 0.48% Mo – 0.15% Cu –
0.065% V
20 CDV 5-08 Steel, 186
Composition: 0.15% C – 0.53% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.013% S –
0.020% P – 0.11% Ni – 1.04% Cr – 1.05% Mo – 0.15% Cu –
0.250% V – 0.028% AI
Composition: 0.14% C – 0.96% Mn – 0.15% Si – 0.011% S –
0.017% P – 1.40% Cr – 0.96% Mo – 0.270% V
10 CD 9-10 Steel, 186
Composition: 0.15% C – 0.36% Mn – 0.44% Si – 0.020% S –
0.022% P – 0.09% Ni – 2.24% Cr – 0.85% Mo – 0.23% Cu –
0.097% AI- 0.01% Ti
28 CDV 5-08 Steel, 187
Composition: 0.26% C – 0.58% Mn – 0.49% Si – 0.010% S –
0.014% P – 0.18% Ni – 1.65% Cr – 0.84% Mo – 0.07% Cu –
0.380% V
Z 38 CDV 5 Steel, 187
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.45% Mn – 0.66% Si – 0.001% S –
0.011% P – 4.90% Cr – 1.07% Mo – 0.09% Cu – 0.350% V
30 NCD 2 Steel, 188
Composition: 0.28% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.014% S –
0.011% P – 0.43% Ni – 0.70% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 0.20% Cu
20 NCD 2 Steel, 188
Composition: 0.21% C – 0.88% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.002% S –
0.017% P – 0.65% Ni – 0.57% Cr – 0.26% Mo – 0.15% Cu
40 NCD 3 Steel, 189
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.019% S –
0.018% P – 0.58% Ni – 0.56% Cr – 0.28% Mo – 0.10% Cu
35 NCD 5 Steel, 189
Composition: 0.33% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.010% S –
0.010% P – 1.22% Ni – 0.54% Cr – 0.17% Mo – 0.22% Cu
50 NCD 6 Steel, 190
Composition: 0.49% C – 0.57% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.012% S –
0.011% P – 1.62% Ni – 0.83% Cr – 0.24% Mo – 0.13% Cu
28 NCD 6 Steel, 190
Composition: 0.29% C – 0.78% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.009% S –
0.011% P – 1.62% Ni – 1.49% Cr – 0.44% Mo – 0.16% Cu –
0.010% Ti
20 NCD 7 Steel, 191
Composition: 0.17% C – 0.63% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.013% S –
0.013% P – 2.02% Ni – 0.38% Cr – 0.13% Mo – 0.07% Cu –
0.010% AI
20 NCD 10 Steel, 191
Composition: 0.17% C – 1.23% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.013% S –
0.015% P – 2.45% Ni – 0.94% Cr – 0.40% Mo – 0.011% N2 –
0.042% AI
60 NCD 11 Steel, 192
Composition: 0.57% C – 0.65% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.005% S –
0.010% P – 2.35% Ni – 0.75% Cr – 0.41% Mo – 0.13% Cu
32 CND 11 Steel, 192
Composition: 0.31% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.010% S –
0.010% P – 0.94% Ni – 3.00% Cr – 0.51% Mo – 0.19% Cu
16 NCD 13 Steel, 193
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.46% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.013% S –
0.008% P – 3.02% Ni – 1.02% Cr – 0.26% Mo – 0.12% Cu
35 NCD 16 Steel, 193
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.39% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.005% S –
0.010% P – 3.70% Ni – 1.65% Cr – 0.23% Mo – 0.12% Cu
Composition: 0.34% C – 0.35% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.006% S –
0.008% P – 3.55% Ni – 1.54% Cr – 0.31% Mo – 0.008% N2

xvi
30 CND 8 Steel, 194
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.56% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.014% S –
0.012% P – 1.75% Ni – 1.85% Cr – 0.49% Mo
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.35% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.022% S –
0.018% P – 2.10% Ni – 2.30% Cr – 0.64% Mo – 0.19% Cu
30 NCD 12 Steel, 194
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.016% S –
0.015% P – 3.20% Ni – 0.86% Cr – 0.40% Mo – 0.17% Cu
40 NCD 18 Steel, 195
Composition: 0.42% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.005% S –
0.010% P – 4.34% Ni – 1.56% Cr – 0.44% Mo – 0.05% Cu
20 ND 16 Steel, 195
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.63% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.026% S –
0.017% P – 3.85% Ni – 0.25% Cr – 0.94% Mo – 0.17% Cu
40 CAD 6-12 Steel, 196
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.56% Mn – 0.53% Si – 0.001% S –
0.012% P – 0.21% Ni – 1.65% Cr – 0.23% Mo – 0.15% Cu –
1.100% Al
18 CDSV 5 Steel, 196
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.49% Mn – 1.14% Si – 0.080% S –
0.010% P – 0.25% Ni – 1.22% Cr – 1.05% Mo – 0.19% Cu –
0.460% V – 0.030% Ti
100 WC 40 Steel, 197
Composition: 0.98% C – 0.30% Mn – 0.16% Si – 0.003% S –
0.015% P – 0.17% Ni – 0.63% Cr – 0.28% Mo – 0.11% Cu –
0.280% V – 3.66% W
15 NCDV 11 Steel, 197
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.51% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.019% S –
0.010% P – 2.59% Ni – 0.67% Cr – 0.49% Mo – 0.20% Cu –
0.080% V
55 NCDV 7-05 Steel, 198
Composition: 0.58% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.39% Si – 0.012% S –
0.015% P – 1.68% Ni – 1.35% Cr – 0.40% Mo – 0.01% Cu –
0.100% V
Z 38 CDWV 5 Steel, 198
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.34% Mn – 0.95% Si – 0.008% S –
0.018% P – 0.17% Ni – 4.70% Cr – 1.40% Mo – 0.11% Cu –
0.500% V – 1.80% W
XC 48 Steel, 199
Composition: 0.50% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.022% S –
0.031% P
E 36 Steel, 199
Composition: 0.20% C – 1.37% Mn – 0.35% Si – 0.017% S –
0.022% P – 0.007% N – 0.054% Al
35 M 6 Steel, 199
Composition: 0.34% C – 1.55% Mn – 0.18% Si – 0.028% S –
0.026% P – 0.17% Ni – 0.08% Cr – 0.02% Mo
19 M Nb 6 Steel, 199
Composition: 0.19% C – 1.39% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.019% S –
0.029% P – 0.043% Nb – 0.007% N – 0.046% AI
17 MV Az 6 Steel, 200
Composition: 0.17% C – 1.50% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.018% S –
0.017% P – 0.110% V – 0.025% N – 0.082% AI
22 N 8 Steel, 200
Composition: 0.23% C – 0.56% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.020% S –
0.021% P – 2.06% Ni – 0.15% Cr – 0.01% Mo – 0.18% Cu
20 NCD 8 Steel, 200
Composition: 0.19% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% S –
0.019% P – 2.00% Ni – 0.39% Cr – 0.09% Mo – 0.05% Cu
20 ND 8 Steel, 200
Composition: 0.24% C – 0.52% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.012% S –
0.015% P – 2.10% Ni – 0.05% Cr – 0.32% Mo – 0.10% Cu
10 CAD 8 Steel, 201
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.46% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.060% S –
0.020% P – 2.18% Cr – 0.31% Mo – 0.485% AI

30 CAD 6-12 Steel, 201
Composition: 0.28% C – 0.49% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.060% S –
0.012% P – 0.13% Ni – 1.66% Cr – 0.22% Mo – 1.050% Al
14 NCD 4 Steel, 201
Composition: 0.13% C – 1.08% Mn – 0.14% Si – 0.020% S –
0.027% P – 1.13% Ni – 0.88% Cr – 0.40% Mo
18 NCD 6 Steel, 201
Composition: 0.18% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.009% S –
0.010% P – 1.63% Ni – 1.05% Cr – 0.16% Mo – 0.13% Cu
80 DCV 42-16 Steel, 202
Composition: 0.81% C – 0.26% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.002% S –
0.021% P – 4.28% Cr – 3.98% Mo – 1.080% V
40 NDCV 18-11 Steel, 202
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.30% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.006% S –
0.017% P – 4.80% Ni – 0.64% Cr – 1.13% Mo – 0.520% V
Z 40 WCV 5 Steel, 202
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.37% Si – 0.022% S –
0.018% P – 0.08% Ni – 3.23% Cr – 0.44% Mo – 0.580% V –
4.16% W
Z 30 WCV 9 Steel, 202
Composition: 0.27% C – 0.43% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.018% S –
0.008% P – 0.10% Ni – 2.45% Cr – 0.13% Mo – 0.360% V –
8.70% W
Z 20 CDNbV 11 Steel, 203
Composition: 0.17% C – 0.39% Mn – 0.43% Si – 0.016% S –
0.017% P – 0.60% Ni – 11.30% Cr – 0.76% Mo – 0.370% V –
0.410% Nb – 0.070% N2
Z 65 WDCV 06-05 Steel, 203
Composition: 0.66% C – 0.27% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.17% Ni –
4.00% Cr – 6.00% Mo – 1.800% V – 7.00% W – 0.40% Co
Z 60 WCV 18 Steel, 203
Composition: 0.60% C – 0.22% Mn – 0.19% Si – 0.20% Ni –
4.66% Cr – 1.00% Mo – 1.360% V – 17.80% W – 0.72% CO
XC 38 Steel, 203
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.016% S –
0.020% P – 0.20% Ni – 0.21% Cr – 0.02% Mo – 0.22% Cu –
0.060% Al
XC 38 Steel, 204
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.69% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.019% S –
0.017% P – 0.06% Ni – 0.04% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 0.013% N2
Y1 90 Steel, 204
Composition: 0.93% C – 0.31% Mn – 0.11% Si – 0.010% S –
0.012% P – 0.20% Ni – 0.12% Cr – <0.10% Mo – 0.62% Cu –
0.03% V
Y1 120 Steel, 204
Composition: 1.29% C – 0.20% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.006% S –
0.015% P – 0.09% Ni – 0.04% Cr – 0.01% Mo – 0.08% Cu
41 S 7 Steel, 205
Composition: 0.42% C – 0.62% Mn – 1.78% Si – 0.013% S –
0.043% P – 0.18% Ni – 0.06% Cr – 0.01% Mo – 0.22% Cu –
trace V – 0.03% Ti
Z 120 M 12 Steel, 205
Composition: 1.28% C – 12.35% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.009% S –
0.031% P – 0.28% Ni – 0.01% Mo – 0.23% Cu
ION 8 Steel, 205
Composition: 0.08% C – 0.29% Mn – 0.16% Si – 0.035% S –
0.007% P – 2.06% Ni – 0.08% Cr – 0.02% Mo – 0.13% Cu
Z 12 C 13 Steel, 205
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.49% Mn – 0.46% Si – 0.060% S –
0.012% P – 0.13% Ni – 12.00% Cr – 0.02% Mo – 0.07% Cu –
0.020% V – 0.06% W
18 C 3 Steel, 206
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.010% S –
0.010% P – 0.27% Ni – 0.79% Cr – 0.02% Mo – 0.02% Cu

xvii
Z 30 C 13 Steel, 206
Composition: 0.29% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.86% Si – 0.060% S –
0.023% P – 0.18% Ni – 12.32% Cr – <0.10% Mo – 0.12% Cu
<0.06% V
70 C 1 Steel, 206
Composition: 0.72% C – 0.36% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.050% S –
0.011% P 0.06% Ni – 0.28% Cr – 0.049% Cu
95 C 3 Steel, 206
Composition: 0.88% C – 0.41% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.010% S –
0.010% P – 0.10% Ni – 0.78% Cr – 0.05% Mo – 0.12% Cu
100 C 3 Steel, 207
Composition: 0.97% C – 0.27% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.006% S –
0.010% P – 0.06% Ni – 0.77% Cr – <0.01% Mo – 0.04% Cu
30 MS 6 Steel, 207
Composition: 0.29% C – 1.33% Mn – 1.30% Si – 0.016% S –
0.008% P – 0.12% Ni – 0.10% Cu
30 SC 6 Steel, 207
Composition: 0.28% C – 0.92% Mn – 1.49% Si – 0.018% S –
0.001% P – 0.12% Ni – 0.99% Cr – 0.10% Cu
12 NC 15 Steel, 207
Composition: 0.13% C – 0.36% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.016% S –
0.008% P – 3.42% Ni – 0.86% Cr – 0.08% Mo – 0.16% Cu
40 NC 18 Steel. 208
Composition: 0.42% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.41% Si – 0.012% S –
0.013% P – 4.40% Ni – 1.26% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 0.14% Cu –
0.02% Al
20 ND 8 Steel, 208
Composition: 0.21% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.010% S –
0.008% P – 1.84% Ni – 0.07% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 0.09% Cu
12 ND 16 Steel, 208
Composition: 0.08% C – 0.36% Mn – 0.06% Si – 0.020% S –
0.010% P – 4.06% Ni – 0.07% Cr – 0.88% Mo – 0.16% Cu
30 C 5 Steel, 208
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.016% S –
0.012% P – 0.09% Ni – 1.28% Cr – 0.09% Cu – 0.060% V
30 CV 5 Steel, 209
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.016% S –
0.007% P – 0.11% Ni – 1.30% Cr – 0.10% Mo – 0.13% Cu –
0.126% V
140 C 10 Steel, 209
Composition: 1.43% C – 0.22% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.013% S –
0.020% P – 0.11% Ni – 2.66% Cr – 0.08% Mo – 0.05% Cu –
0.016% V
100 WC 10 Steel, 209
Composition: 1.16% C – 0.38% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.008% S –
0.018% P – 0.21% Ni – 0.74% Cr – 0.02% Mo – 0.12% Cu –
1.20% W
30 SCD 6 Steel, 209
Composition: 0.28% C – 0.69% Mn – 1.26% Si – 0.048% S –
0.066% P – <0.06% Ni – 0.92% Cr – 0.22% Mo – 0.03% Cu
45 SCD 6 Steel, 210
Composition: 0.60% C – 1.05% Mn – 1.48% Si – 0.044% S –
0.048% P – <0.06% Ni – 1.20% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 0.04% Cu
Z 40 CSD 10 Steel, 210
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.48% Mn – 2.20% Si – 0.012% S –
<0.006% P – 0.12% Ni – 10.60% Cr – 1.00% Mo – 0.07% Cu
0.012% V
18 NCD-4 Steel, 210
Composition: 0.17% C – 0.63% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.011% S –
0.022% P – 1.13% Ni – 0.49% Cr – 0.13% Mo – 0.10% Cu
120 NCD 5-02 Steel, 210
Composition: 1.18% C – 0.63% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.011% S –
0.022% P – 1.13% Ni – 0.49% Cr – 0.13% Mo – 0.10% Cu
30 NCD 8 Steel, 211
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.27% Si – 1.90% Ni –
1.80% Cr – 0.68% Mo

30 NC 12 Steel, 211
Composition: 0.33% C – 0.61% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.016% S –
0.008% P – 3.38% Ni – 0.83% Cr – 0.03% Mo – 0.13% Cu
35 NC 11 Steel, 211
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.59% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.026% S –
0.017% P – 2.64% Ni – 0.94% Cr – 0.12% Mo – 0.20% Cu
10 NC 12 Steel, 212
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.33% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.006% S –
0.010% P – 3.02% Ni – 0.68% Cr – 0.19% Mo – 0.14% Cu
14 NC 12 Steel, 212
Composition: 0.15% C – 0.32% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.006% S –
0.016% P – 3.09% Ni – 0.84% Cr – 0.14% Mo – 0.12% Cu
32 NCD 15 Steel, 212
Composition: 0.31% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.006% S –
0.010% P – 3.33% Ni – 1.20% Cr – 0.60% Mo – 0.15% Cu –
<0.03% V – 0.08% W
30 NCD 12 Steel, 213
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.30% Si – 3.20% Ni –
0.86% Cr – 0.40% Mo
35 NCD 16 Steel, 213
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.39% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.005% S –
0.010% P – 3.70% Ni – 1.66% Cr – 0.23% Mo – 0.12% Cu
16 NC 18 Steel, 213
Composition: 0.15% C – 0.48% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.010% Si –
0.012% P – 4.21% Ni – 1.00% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 0.21% Cu
100 CV 6 Steel, 214
Composition: 0.86% C – 0.35% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.012% S –
0.006% P – 0.68% Ni – 1.62% Cr – <0.01% Mo – 0.06% Cu –
0.174% V
Z 100 CDV 5 Steel, 214
Composition: 0.91% C – 0.32% Mn – 0.37% Si – 0.006% S –
0.016% P – 6.20% Cr – 1.07% Mo – 0.09% Cu – 0.420% V
45 WC 20-04 Steel, 214
Composition: 0.48% C – 0.27% Mn – 0.67% Si – 0.006% S –
0.010% P – 0.14% Ni – 1.20% Cr – 0.02% Mo – 0.21% Cu –
0.013% V – 2.34% W
Composition: 0.46% C – 0.34% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.007% S –
0.019% P – 0.44% Ni – 1.26% Cr – <0.10% Mo – 0.14% Cu –
0.360% V – 2.20% W
40 WCDS 35-12 Steel, 215
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.34% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.010% S –
0.032% P – 0.12% Ni – 2.86% Cr – 0.16% Mo – 0.14% Cu –
0.260% V – 3.39% W
Z 80 WCV 18-04-01 Steel, 215
Composition: 0.81% C – 0.17% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.019% S –
0.018% P – 0.08% Ni – 4.26% Cr – 0.09% Mo – 1.080% V –
17.60% W – 0.06% Co
35 NC 15 Steel, 215
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.44% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.003% S –
0.018% P – 3.40% Ni – 1.60% Cr – 0.16% Mo – 0.13% Cu –
0.016% V
35 NCDV 10 Steel, 216
Composition: 0.34% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.37% Si – 2.66% Ni –
1.80% Cr – 0.63% Mo – 0.15% V – 0.20% Cu
Z 200 C 12 Steel, 216
Composition: 1.78% C – 0.27% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.010% S –
0.026% P – 0.36% Ni – 11.70% Cr – 0.61% Mo – 0.090% V –
0.63% W
Z 160 CDV 12 Steel, 216
Composition: 1.66% C – 0.37% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.001% S –
0.020% P – 0.26% Ni – 12.46% Cr – 0.64% Mo – 0.10% Cu –
0.66% V – 0.28% W
Z 85 DCWV 08-04-02-02 Steel, 217
Composition: 0.86% C – 0.27% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.023% S –
0.024% P – 4.03% Cr – 8.00% Mo – 1.380% V – 1.43% W –
0.19% Co

Z 130 WCV 12-04-04 Steel, 217
Composition: 1.43% C – 0.17% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.046% S –
0.023% P – 0.16% Ni – 4.18% Cr – 0.87% Mo – 4.360% V –
11.00% W
Z 80 WCDX 12-04-02-02 Steel, 217
Composition: 0.82% C – 0.29% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.010% S –
0.032% P – 0.20% Ni – 4.10% Cr – 1.60% Mo – 2.060% V –
12.10% W
Z 85 WCV 18-04-02 Steel, 217
Composition: 0.79% C – 0.17% Mn – 0.18% Si – 0.026% S –
0.036% P – 0.08% Ni – 4.00% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 2.110% V –
18.16% W – 0.17% Co
Z 30 WCKV 09-03 Steel, 218
Composition: 0.28% C – 0.64% Mn – 0.96% Si – 0.003% S –
0.026% P – 0.64% Ni – 2.80% Cr – 0.13% Mo – 0.240% V –
8.77% W – 2.06% Co
Z 80 WKCV 18-05-04-01 Steel, 218
Composition: 0.80% C – 0.63% Mn – 0.28% Si – 3.80% Cr –
1.060% V – 17.40% W – 4.62% Co
Z 80 WKCV 18-10-04-02 Steel, 218
Composition: 0.80% C – 0.29% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.026% S –
0.018% P – 4.40% Cr – 0.37% Mo – 1.600% V – 19.20% W –
9.30% Co
Composition: 0.89% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.18% Si – 3.90% Cr –
1.030% V – 19.10% W – 9.66% Co
Z 150 WKVC 12-05-05-04 Steel, 219
Composition: 1.46% C – 0.10% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.033% S –
0.031% P – 3.72% Cr – 0.47% Mo – 0.09% Cu – 4.100% V –
13.70% W – 6.00% Co
Z 165 WKVC 12-10-05-04 Steel, 219
Composition: 1.64% C – 0.21% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.006% S –
0.021% P – 4.60% Cr – 0.66% Mo – 6.060% V – 11.64% W –
11.36% Co
55 NCDV 7 Steel, 219
Composition: 0.66% C – 0.68% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.004% S –
0.014% P – 1.66% Ni – 1.00% Cr – 0.36% Mo – 0.11% Cu –
0.220% V – 0.08% W
Z 80 WDCV 6 Steel, 219
Composition: 0.76% C – 0.26% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.031% S –
0.026% P – 4.64% Cr – 6.76% Mo – 2.060% V – 6.60% W –
0.86% Co
Z 85 WDKCV 06-05-05-04-02 Steel, 220
Composition: 0.84% C – 0.22% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.014% S –
0.026% P – 4.36% Cr – 4.96% Mo – 1.830% V – 6.48% W –
4.86% Co
Z 130 WDCV 06-05-04-04 Steel, 220
Composition: 1.29% C – 0.26% Mn – 0.43% Si – 0.006% S –
0.026% P – 4.42% Cr – 4.10% Mo – 4.000% V – 6.64% W –
0.37% Co
Z 110 DKCWV 09-08-04-02-01 Steel, 220
Composition: 1.11% C – 0.24% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.007% S –
0.023% P – 3.91% Cr – 9.60% Mo – 1.210% V – 1.47% W –
8.36% Co
BENELUX STEELS, 221 – 242
Example Page, 223
032 (SAE 1035), 224
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.032%
S – 0.012% P
034 (SAE 1045), 224
Composition: 0.46% C – 0.69% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.03% S
– 0.016% P – 0.06% Ni – 0.06% Cr – 0.14% Cu

xviii

038, 224
Composition: 0.771% C – 0.784% Mn – 0.16% Si –
0.021% S – 0.013% P
041 (SAE 1330), 225
Composition: 0.26% C – 1.48% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.015%
S – 0.015% P – 0.08% Ni – 0.02% Cr – 0,01% Mo –
0.14% Cu
045, 225
Composition: 0.36% C – 1.59% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.03% S
– 0.02% P
551, 225
Composition: 0.09% C – 0.45% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.01% S
– 0.02% P – 0.18% Ni – 12.30% Cr
287 (AISI D3 Tool Steel), 226
Composition: 2.09% C – 0.52% Mn – 0.33% Si – 12.76%
Cr
505, 226
Composition: 0.145% C – 0.27% Mn – 0.02% Si – 0.005%
S – 0.012% P – 9.12% Ni
507, 226
Composition: 0.315% C – 0.14% Mn – 0.01% Si – 0.006%
S – 0.01% P – 9.12% Ni
506, 227
Composition: 0.14% C – 0.27% Mn – 0.01% Si – 0.005%
S – 0.09% P – 9.12% Ni – 4.07% Co
508, 227
Composition: 0.325% C – 0.13% Mn – 0.15% Si – 0.005%
S – 0.09% P – 9.05% Ni – 4.07% Co
004, 227
Composition: 0.22% C – 1.25% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.04% S
– 0.03% P – 0.33% Cr
091 (SAE 34/35), 228
Composition: 0.285% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.30% Si-2.55%
Ni – 0.71% Cr
144, 228
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.52% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.014%
S – 0.015% P-4.15% Ni – 0.86% Cr
092, 228
Composition: 0.34% C – 0.49% Mn – 0.30% Si-4.30% Ni
– 1.16% Cr
455, 229
Composition: 0.14% C – 0.68% Mn – 0.67% Si – 0.012%
S – 0.024% P – 2.95% Ni – 17.98% Cr – 0.06% Mo –
0.04% Al – 0.10% Co – 0.10% Cu
085 (SAE 4125), 229
Composition: 0.26% C – 0.73% Mn – 0.243% Si – 0.016%
S – 0.018% P – 0.175% Ni – 1.065% Cr – 0.255% Mo
081 (SAE 1435), 229
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.018%
S – 0.077% P – 0.006% Ni – 0.97% Cr – 0.23% Mo –
0.10% Cu
082 (SAE 4140), 230
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.82% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.022%
S – 0.035% P – 0.165% Ni – 1.005% Cr – 0.18% Mo
280, 230
Composition: 0.55% C – 0.58% Mn – 0.43% Si – 0.021%
S – 0.013% P – 0.20% Ni – 0.79% Cr – 0.42% Mo –
0.19% Cu – 0.025% Al
503, 230
Composition: 0.625% C – 0.30% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.015%
S – 0.015% P-1.60% Cr – 0.30% Mo
290 (AISI A2 Tool Steel), 231
Composition: 0.95% C – 0.50% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.011%
S – 0.018% P – 0.26% Ni – 4.90% Cr-1.03% Mo – 0.22%
Cu – 0.02% Al

xix
183 (SAE 6150), 231
Composition: 0.53% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.01% S
– 0.015% P – 1.23% Cr – 0.27% V
311 (AISI D1 Tool Steel, 231
Composition: 0.90% C – 1.07% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.49%
Cr – 0.63% W
273, 232
Composition: 0.33% C – 0.38% Mn – 0.30% Si – 1.06%
Cr-1.01% W
272, 232
Composition: 0.64% C – 0.39% Mn – 0.67% Si – 1.20%
Cr-1.68% W
509, 232
Composition: 0.21% C – 1.46% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.019%
S – 0.016% P – 0.45% Mo
007, 233
Composition: 0.201% C – 1.55% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.019%
S – 0.025% P – 0.39% Cr – 0.005% Al – 0.11% Nb
275, 233
Composition: 0.46% C – 0.39% Mn-1.40% Si – 0.30% Ni
– 1.41% Cr – 0.10% V – 0.0017% Bo
005, 233
Composition: 0.224% C – 1.498% Mn – 0.226% Si –
0.02% S – 0.022% P – 0.037% Ni – 0.33% Cr – 0.195%
Mo – 0.054% Al
297, 234
Composition: 0.70% C – 1.91% Mn – 0.35% Si – 0.009%
S – 0.009% P – 0.98% Cr – 1.40% Mo
312 (AISI 02 Tool Steel), 234
Composition: 0.85% C – 1.98% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.46%
Cr – 0.14% V
150 (SAE 8620), 234
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.017%
S – 0,018% P – 0.58% Ni – 0.49% Cr – 0.18% Mo
454, 235
Composition: 0.67% C – 1.09% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.016%
S – 0.027% P – 0.75% Ni – 1.70% Cr – 0.36% Mo –
0.04% Cu
458, 235
Composition: 1.485% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.46% Si – 0.028%
S – 0.028% P – 0.40% Ni – 1.24% Cr – 0.55% Mo
113 (SAE 4340), 235
Composition: 0.43% C – 0.49% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.008%
S – 0.02% P – 1.51% Ni – 1.10% Cr – 0.33% Mo
453, 236
Composition: 0.345% C – 0.42% Mn – 0.43% Si – 0.015%
S – 0.015% P – 3.43% Ni – 1.36% Cr – 0.23% Mo –
0.041% Al – 0.19% Cu
295, 236
Composition: 0.54% C – 0.53% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.005%
S – 0.011% P – 3.14% Ni – 1.02% Cr – 0.34% Mo
504, 236
Composition: 0.25% C – 0.469% Mn – 0.235% Si –
0.023% S – 0.007% P – 3.65% Ni – 1.65% Cr – 0.395%
Mo – 0.008% N2 – 0.013% Al
114, 237
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.50% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.014%
S – 0.02% P – 4.04% Ni – 1.99% Cr – 0.54% Mo – 0.28%
Cu
552, 237
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.58% Mn – 0.41% Si – 0.007%
S – 0.021% P – 0.53% Ni – 16.20% Cr – 1.10% Mo
206, 237
Composition: 0.325% C – 0.54% Mn – 0.22% Si – 1.103%
Cr – 0.63% Mo – 0.17% V

451, 238
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.57% Si – 0.009%
S – 0.016% P – 0.23% Ni – 1.18% Cr – 1.15% Mo –
0.27% V
368, 238
Composition: 0.28% C – 0.24% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.005%
S – 0.024% P – 0.18% Ni – 2.68% Cr – 2.84% Mo –
0.50% V
294 (AISI D2 Tool Steel), 238
Composition: 1.62% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.48% Si – 0.01% S
– 0.024% P – 12.44% Cr – 0.80% Mo – 0.83% V
271 (AISI S1 Tool Steel), 239
Composition: 0.415% C – 0.34% Mn – 0.52% Si – 1.40%
Cr – 0.31% V – 2.28% W
367 (H 13), 239
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.34% Mn – 0.94% Si – 0.015%
S – 0.02% P – 4.80% Cr – 1.34% Mo – 1.19% V
006, 239
Composition: 0.18% C – 1.36% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.025%
S – 0.014% P – 0.91% Ni – 0.26% Cr – 0.37% Mo –
0.057% V – 0.048% Al
502, 240
Composition: 0.29% C – 0.52% Mn – 0.32% Si – 1.34%
Ni – 0.77% Cr – 0.25% Mo – 0.19% V
501, 240
Composition: 0.22% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.023%
S – 0.012% P – 2.657% Ni – 1.276% Cr – 0.51% Mo –
0.203% V – 0.002% Al
452, 240
Composition: 1.16% C – 0.30% Mn – 0.57% Si – 0.009%
S – 0.006% P – 0.71% Ni – 1.79% Cr – 0.27% Mo –
1.30% W
354, 241
Composition: 0.545% C – 0.46% Mn – 0.26% Si-4.12%
Ni – 1.16% Cr – 0.48% Mo – 0.80% W
361 (AISI H 21 Tool Steel), 241
Composition: 0.31% C – 0.32% Mn – 0.41% Si – 0.014%
S – 0.013% P – 0.31% Ni – 2.36% Cr – 0.22% Mo –
0.32% V – 8.59% W – 0.16% Cu – 0.013% Al
411 (AISI Tool Steel), 241
Composition: 0.95% C – 0.24% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.018%
S – 0.006% P – 4.64% Cr – 4.80% Mo – 2.45% V – 7.12%
W
365 (H 11 Tool Steel), 242
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.48% Mn-1.01% Si – 0.01% S –
0.014% P – 0.36% Ni – 5.13% Cr – 1.72% Mo – 0.50% V
– 0.25% W – 0.13% Cu – 0.015% Al – 0.11% Co
405 (T 15 Tool Steel), 242
Composition: 1.42% C – 0.43% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.025%
S – 0.005% P – 4.42% Cr – 0.70% Mo – 4.55% V –
12.99% W – 4.97% Co
412, 242
Composition: 1.19% C – 0.31% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.021%
S – 0.01% P – 4.54% Cr – 5.10% Mo – 3.29% V – 7.92%
W – 12.27% Co
MOLYBDENUM STEELS, 243 – 296
Chromium Steel Series, 245
Composition: Fe – 0.05% C – 0.9% Mn – 1.20% Si – 0.40%
Mo – 0% Cr
Composition: Fe – 0.05% C – 0.9% Mn – 1.20% Si – 0.40%
Mo – 0.16% Cr
Composition: Fe – 0.05% C – 0.9% Mn – 1.20% Si – 0.40%
Mo – 0.30% Cr
Composition: Fe – 0.50% C – 0.9% Mn – 1.20% Si – 0.40%
Mo – 0.48% Cr

xx
Molybdenum Steel Series, 246
Composition: Fe – 0.05% C – 0.9% Mn – 1.20% Si – 0.5% Cr
– 0% Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.05% C – 0.9% Mn – 1.20% Si – 0.5% Cr
– 0.15% Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.05% C – 0.9% Mn – 1.20% Si – 0.5% Cr
– 0.30% Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.05% C – 0.9% Mn – 1.20% Si – 0.5% Cr
– 0.38% Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.05% C – 0.9% Mn – 1.20% Si – 0.5% Cr
– 0.50% Mo
Silicon Steel Series, 247
Composition: Fe – 0.07% C – 0.93% Mn – 0.99% Si – 0.27%
Mo – 0.32% Cr
Composition: Fe – 0.07% C – 0.93% Mn – 1.50% Si – 0.27%
Mo – 0.32% Cr
Composition: Fe – 0.07% C – 0.93% Mn – 2.00% Si – 0.27%
Mo – 0.32% Cr
0.10% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.3% Si Steels (Mo
Additions), 248
Composition: Fe – 0.10% C – 0.74% Mn – 0.29% Si
Composition: Fe – 0.09% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.28%
Mo
Composition: Fe – 0.10% C – 0.71% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.54%
Mo
0.10% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.3% Si – B Steels (Mo
Additions), 249
Composition: 0.096% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.0048% B
Composition: 0.097% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.26% Mo –
0.0050% B
Composition: 0.093% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.51% Mo –
0.0054% B
0.37% C – 0.5% Mn – 0.30% Si Steels (Mo
Additions), 250
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.49% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.0033% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.50% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.077% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.50% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.19% Mo
0.40% C – 0.8% Mn – 0.3% Si Steels (Mo
Additions), 251
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.83% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.01% Mo
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.82% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.26% Mo
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.82% Mn – 0.35% Si – 0.53% Mo
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.79% Mo
0.39% C – 0.8% Mn – 1.5% Si Steels (Mo
Additions), 252
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.81% Mn – 1.48% Si – 0.02% Mo
Composition: 0.39% C – 0.80% Mn – 1.48% Si – 0.26% Mo
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.80% Mn – 1.47% Si – 0.52% Mo
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.80% Mn – 1.47% Si – 0.79% Mo
0.10% C – 1.4% Mn – 0.3% Si – B Steels (Mo
Additions), 253
Composition: 0.088% C – 1.45% Mn – 0.35% Si – 0.0055% B
Composition: 0.10% C – 1.46% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.26% Mo –
0.0051% B
Composition: 0.11% C – 1.43% Mn – 0.35% Si – 0.52% Mo –
0.0062% B
0.40% C – 1.3% Mn – 0.3% Si – B Steels (Mo
Additions), 254
Composition: 0.40% C – 1.32% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.004% Mo –
0.004% B
Composition: 0.40% C – 1.33% Mn – 0.35% Si – 0.08% Mo –
0.003% B
Composition: 0.40% C – 1.33% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.18% Mo –
0.003% B
0.39% C – 1.4% Mn – 0.3% Si Steels (Mo
Additions), 255
Composition: 0.39% C – 1.46% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.03% Mo
Composition: 0.40% C – 1.47% Mn – 0.37% Si – 0.26% Mo
Composition: 0.39% C – 1.45% Mn – 0.37% Si – 0.49% Mo
Composition: 0.38% C – 1.45% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.76% Mo

0.10% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.3% Si – 0.3% Ni – B
Steels (Mo Additions), 256
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.71% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.33% Ni –
0.0040% B
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.34% Ni –
0.24% Mo – 0.0047% B
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.73% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.36% Ni –
0.63% Mo – 0.0063% B
0.10% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.3% Si – 1.4% Ni – B
Steels (Mo Additions), 257
Composition: 0.097% C – 0.69% Mn – 0.31% Si – 1.46% Ni –
0.0048% B
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.33% Si – 1.43% Ni –
0.26% Mo – 0.0063% B
Composition: 0.099% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.32% Si – 1.46% Ni –
0.61% Mo – 0.0068% B
0.10% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.3% Si – 3.0% Ni – B
Steels (Mo Additions), 258
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.31% Si – 3.03% Ni –
0.0062% B
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.73% Mn – 0.32% Si – 3.06% Ni –
0.24% Mo – 0.0060% B
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.74% Mn – 0.34% Si – 3.03% Ni –
0.55% Mn – 0.0067% B
0.20% C – 0.6% Mn – 0.3% Si – 3.0% Ni Steels
(Mo Additions), 259
Composition: 0.21% C – 0.68% Mn – 0.28% Si – 2.96% Ni –
0.004% Mo
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.68% Mn – 0.31% Si – 2.90% Ni –
0.26% Mo
Composition: 0.21% C – 0.56% Mn – 0.27% Si – 2.96% Ni –
0.51% Mo
0.36% C – 0.8% Mn – 0.3% Si – 0.7% Ni Steels
(Mo Additions), 260
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.76% Ni –
0.02% Mo
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.79% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.74% Ni –
0.24% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.78% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.73% Ni –
0.49% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.72% Ni –
0.82% Mo
0.37% C – 0.8% Mn – 0.3% Si – 1.4% Ni Steels
(Mo Additions), 261
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.36% Si – 1.44% Ni –
0.02% Mo
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.85% Mn – 0.37% Si – 1.44% Ni –
0.24% Mo
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.84% Mn – 0.36% Si – 1.40% Ni –
0.47% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.82% Mn – 0.35% Si – 1.41% Ni –
0.74% Mo
0.36% C – 0.8% Mn – 0.3% Si – 2.6% Ni Steels
(Mo Additions), 262
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.37% Si – 2.62% Ni –
0.02% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.84% Mn – 0.38% Si – 2.60% Ni –
0.24% Mo
dComposition: 0.36% C – 0.83% Mn – 0.36% Si – 2.60% Ni –
0.49% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.36% Si – 2.68% Ni –
0.78% Mo
0.39% C – 0.8% Mn – 0.3% Si – 3.5% Ni Steels
(Mo Additions), 263

Composition: 0.39% C – 0.71% Mn – 0.39% Si – 3.63% Ni-
0.02% Mo

Composition: 0.39% C – 0.69% Mn – 0.29% Si – 3.66% Ni –
0.24% Mo
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.68% Mn – 0.29% Si – 3.48% Ni –
0.48% Mo

x xi
0.40% C – 0.8% Mn – 0.3% Si – 4.5% Ni Steels
(Mo Additions), 264
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.36% Si – 4.45% Ni –
0.01% Mo
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.75% Mn – 0.36% Si – 4.43% Ni –
0.26% Mo
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.74% Mn – 0.36% Si – 4.40% Ni –
0.47% Mo
0.40% C – 0.3% Mn – 0.2% Si – 4% Co Steels
(Mo Additions), 265
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.34% Mn – 0.17% Si – 0.01% Mo –
3.76% Co
Composition: 0.39% C – 0.32% Mn – 0.18% Si – 0.48% Mo –
3.72% Co
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.33% Mn – 0.16% Si – 0.96% Mo –
3.90% Co
0.10% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.3% Si – 0.3% Cr – B
Steels (Mo Additions), 266
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.68% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.29% Cr –
0.0038% B
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.28% Cr –
0.26% Mo – 0.0046% B
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.28% Cr –
0.60% Mo – 0.0067% B
0.10% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.3% Si – 0.7% Cr – B
Steels (Mo Additions), 267
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.76% Cr –
0.0036% B
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.76% Cr –
0.22% Mo – 0.0062% B
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.71% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.7% Cr –
0.61% Mo – 0.0060% B
0.10% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.3% Si – 1.4% Cr – B
Steels (Mo Additions), 268
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.29% Si – 1.43% Cr –
0.0069% B
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.33% Si – 1.46% Cr –
0.26% Mn – 0.0069% B
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.32% Si – 1.44% Cr –
0.66% Mo – 0.0066% B

Composition: 0.10% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.33% Si – 1.43% Cr-
1.03% Mo – 0.0064% B

0.35% C – 0.8% Mn – 0.3% Si – 0.3% Cr Steels
(Mo Additions), 269
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.83% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.34% Cr –
0.01% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.83% Mn – 0.39% Si – 0.36% Cr –
0.24% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.36% Cr –
0.61% Mo
Composition: 0.34% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.34% Cr –
0.78% Mo
0.40% C – 0.8% Mn – 0.3% Si – 0.3% Cr Steels
(Mo Additions), 270
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.33% Cr –
0.01% Mo
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.87% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.34% Cr –
0.26% Mo

Composition: 0.41% C – 0.84% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.36% Cr-
0.49% Mo

Composition: 0.41% C – 0.84% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.36% Cr –
0.77% Mo

0.37% C – 0.8% Mn – 0.3% Si – 0.7% Cr Steels
(Mo Additions), 271

Composition: 0.37% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.37% Si – 0.74% Cr-
0.02% Mo

Composition: 0.37% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.39% Si – 0.73% Cr –
0.26% Mo
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.84% Mn – 0.37% Si – 0.74% Cr –
0.60% Mo
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.82% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.73% Cr –
0.76% Mo
SAE 4140, 272
Composition: 0.39% C – 0.82% Mn – 0.26% Si – 1.00% Cr –
0.21% Mo
SAE 4150, 272
Composition: 0.63% C – 0.83% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.92% Cr –
0.21% Mo
0.36% C – 0.8% Mn – 0.3% Si – 1.5% Cr Steels
(Mo Additions), 273
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.82% Mn – 0.37% Si – 1.64% Cr –
0.01% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.38% Si – 1.64% Cr –
0.26% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.37% Si – 1.62% Cr –
0.60% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.82% Mn – 0.36% Si – 1.51% Cr –
0.84% Mo
0.80% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.5% Si – 6.0% Cr Steels
(Mo Additions), 274
Composition: 0.81% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.60% Si – 6.04% Cr –
0.036% Mo
Composition: 0.81% C – 0.73% Mn – 0.46% Si – 6.10% Cr –
1.06% Mo
Composition: 1.03% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.60% Si – 6.03% Cr –
0.038% Mo
Composition: 1.02% C – 0.73% Mn – 0.46% Si – 6.08% Cr –
1.03%
1.35% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.5% Si – 6.0% Cr Steels
(Mo Additions), 275
Composition: 1.36% C – 0.77% Mn – 0.60% Si – 6.99% Cr –
0.041% Mo
Composition: 1.36% C – 0.73% Mn – 0.46% Si – 6.00% Cr –
0.98% Mo
0.85% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.5% Si – 12.0% Cr Steels
(Mo Additions), 276
Composition: 0.86% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.46% Si – 12.0% Cr –
0.068% Mo

Composition: 0.84% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.44% Si – 12.10% Cr-
1.06% Mo

Composition: 0.86% C – 0.71% Mn – 0.43% Si – 12.10% Cr –
3.07% Mo
1.35% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.5% Si – 12.0% Cr Steels
(Mo Additions), 277
Composition: 1.38% C – 0.74% Mn – 0.46% Si – 11.80% Cr –
0.078% Mo
Composition: 1.36% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.44% Si – 12.0% Cr –
1.00% Mo
Composition: 1.36% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.43% Si – 11.9% Cr –
3.06% Mo
0.40% C – 1.4% Mn – 1.5% Si Steels (Mo
Additions), 278
Composition: 0.41% C – 1.42% Mn – 1.62% Si – 0.02% Mo
Composition: 0.41% C – 1.41% Mn – 1.61% Si – 0.27% Mo
Composition: 0.40% C – 1.40% Mn – 1.61% Si – 0.63% Mo
Composition: 0.40% C – 1.38% Mn – 1.50% Si – 0.80% Mo

0.39% C – 0.8% Mn – 1.5% Si – 0.7% Cr Steels
(Mo Additions), 279
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.84% Mn – 1.60% Si – 0.74% Cr –
0.02% Mo

Composition: 0.40% C – 0.84% Mn – 1.60% Si – 0.74% Cr-
0.26% Mo

Composition: 0.39% C – 0.84% Mn – 1.49% Si – 0.73% Cr –
0.52% Mo
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.82% Mn – 1.48% Si – 0.72% Cr –
0.77% Mo
0.37% C – 1.4% Mn – 0.3% Si – 0.7% Cr Steels
(Mo Additions), 280

Composition: 0.38% C – 1.60% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.77% Cr-
0.02% Mo

Oompoaitlon: 0.37% C – 1.49% Mn – 0.41% Si – 0.77% Cr –
0.26% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 1.47% Mn – 0.41% Si – 0.76% Cr –
0.60% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 1.46% Mn – 0.42% Si – 0.76% Cr –
0.78% Mo
0.12% C – 0.85% Mn – 0.3% Si – 1.4% Ni – 0.7%
Cr Steels (Mo Additions), 281
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.87% Mn – 0.36% Si – 1.44% Ni –
0.76% Cr
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.87% Mn – 0.34% Si – 1.43% Ni –
0.77% Cr – 0.19% Mo
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.33% Si – 1.41% Ni –
0.76% Cr – 0.46% Mo
0.11% C – 0.85% Mn – 0.4% Si – 1.4%Ni – 0.7%
Cr – B Steels (Mo Additions), 282
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.87% Mn – 0.37% Si – 1.46% Ni –
0.77% Cr – 0.006% B
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.36% Si – 1.44% Ni –
0.76% Cr – 0.21% Mo – 0.006% B
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.85% Mn – 0.38% Si – 1.42% Ni –
0.76% Cr – 0.006% B – 0.64% Mo
0.30% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.4% Si – Ni – Cr Steels
(Mo Additions), 283
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.69% Mn – 0.38% Si – 1.79% Ni –
0.78% Cr – 0.24% Mo
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.69% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.20% Ni –
0.99% Cr – 0.43% Mo
Composition: 0.31% C – 0.69% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.20% Ni –
0.79% Cr – 0.67% Mo
0.40% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.4% Si – 0.8% Ni – 0.7%
Cr Steels (Mo Additions), 284
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.74% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.78% Ni –
0.76% Cr – 0.03% Mo
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.73% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.78% Ni –
0.76% Cr – 0.27% Mo
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.78% Ni –
0.76% Cr – 0.60% Mo
0.38% C – 0.8% Mn – 0.3% Si – 1.4% Ni – 0.7%
Cr Steels (Mo Additions), 285
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.33% Si – 1.46% Ni –
0.74% Cr – 0.01% Mo
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.36% Si – 1.46% Ni –
0.73% Cr – 0.24% Mo
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.84% Mn – 0.34% Si – 1.46% Ni –
0.73% Cr – 0.48% Mo
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.82% Mn – 0.34% Si – 1.46% Ni –
0.76% Cr – 0.78% Mo
0.40% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.4% Si – 2.5% Ni – 0.7%
Cr Steels (Mo Additions), 286
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.74% Mn 0.38% Si – 2.67% Ni –
0.76% Cr – 0.03% Mo
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.73% Mn – 0.38% Si – 2.68% Ni –
0.76% Cr – 0.24% Mo
Composition: 0.39% C – 0.73% Mn – 0.36% Si – 2.61% Ni –
0.76% Cr – 0.49% Mo

xxii

0.40% C – 0.8% Mn – 0.3% Si – 3.5% Ni – 0.8%
Cr Steels (Mo Additions), 287
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.32% Si – 3.59% Ni –
0.77% Cr – 0.03% Mo
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.32% Si – 3.59% Ni –
0.77% Cr – 0.25% Mo
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.74% Mn – 0.31% Si – 3.56% Ni –
0.77% Cr – 0.50% Mo
0.40% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.3% Si – 4.5% Ni – 0.7%
Cr Steels (Mo Additions), 288
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.74% Mn – 0.40% Si – 4.56% Ni –
0.75% Cr – 0.03% Mo
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.73% Mn – 0.42% Si – 4.54% Ni –
0.75% Cr – 0.26% Mo
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.73% Mn – 0.41% Si – 4.53% Ni –
0.75% Cr – 0.50% Mo
0.40% Cr – 1.4% Mn – 1.5% Si – 0.7% Cr Steels
(Mo Additions), 289 .

Composition: 0.41% C – 1.44% Mn – 1.50% Si – 0.75% Cr-
0.01% Mo

Composition: 0.40% C – 1.43% Mn – 1.51% Si – 0.76% Cr –
0.26% Mo
Composition: 0.39% C – 1.41% Mn – 1.49% Si – 0.74% Cr –
0.51% Mo
Composition: 0.39% C – 1.39% Mn – 1.48% Si – 0.73% Cr –
0.77% Mo
Ni-Cr-Si-Mo-V Steel Series, 290
Composition: 0.33% C – 0.86% Mn – 1.62% Si – 1.80% Ni –
0.81% Cr – 0.40% Mo – 0.067% V
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.86% Mn – 1.44% Si – 0.51% Ni –
1.01% Cr – 0.49% Mo – 0.071% V
Composition: 0.35% C – 0.86% Mn – 1.55% Si – 0.21% Ni –
1.21% Cr – 0.58% Mo – 0.037% V
Composition: 0.35% C – 0.86% Mn – 1.58% Si – 0.23% Ni –
1.50% Cr – 0.58% Mo – 0.071% V
0.40% C – 1.4% Mn – 1.4% Si – 1.4% Ni – 0.8%
Cr Steels (Mo Additions), 291
Composition: 0.41% C – 1.42% Mn – 1.42% Si – 1.37% Ni –
0.78% Cr – 0.03% Mo •
Composition: 0.41% C – 1.41% Mn – 1.41% Si – 1.36% Ni –
0.78% Cr – 0.26% Mo
Composition: 0.40% C – 1.39% Mn – 1.37% Si – 1.34% Ni –
0.76% Cr – 0.52% Mo
Composition: 0.40% C – 1.37% Mn – 1.38% Si – 1.31% Ni –
0.75% Cr – 0.73% Mo
0.40% C – 0.3% Mn – 0.2% Si – 8.0% Ni – 4.0%
Co Steels (Mo Additions), 292
Composition: 0.39% C – 0.30% Mn – 0.20% Si – 8.0% Ni –
3.89% Co
Composition: 0.39% C – 0.29% Mn – 0.22% Si – 7.78% Ni –
0.44% Mo – 3.87% Co
Composition: 0.39% C – 0.28% Mn – 0.20% Si – 8.04% Ni –
1.00% Mo – 3.90% Co
0.08% C – 1.0% Ni – 12.0% Cr – 2.0% Mo – 0.3%
V Steel, 293
Composition: 0.08% C – 1.0% Ni – 12.0% Cr – 2.0% Mo –
0.8% V
Composition: 0.08% C – 1.0% Ni – 12.0% Cr – 2.0% Mo –
0.3% V
18Ni200 Maraging Steel, 293
Composition: 0.012% C – <0.03% Mn – <0.05% Si – 17.6%
Ni – 3.1% Mo – 0.10% AI – 8.3% Co – 0.08% Ti
18Ni250 Maraging Steel, 294
Composition: 0.02% C – 0.09% Mn – 0.09% Si – 17.8% Ni –
0.0021% B – 0.12% AI – 7.9% Co – 0.42% Ti
18N BOO Maraging Steel, 294

Composition: 0.02% C – 0.07% Mn – 0.07% Si – 18.4% Ni-
4.9% Mo – 0.003% B – 0.09% AI – 8.8% Co – 0.66% Ti

18Ni350 Maraging Steel, 294
Composition: 0.008% C – 0.03% Mn – 0.03% Si – 17.4% Ni –
3.7% Mo – 0.17% AI – 12.4% Co – 1.62% Ti
Carbon-Free Fe – 15.0%Co – 10.0% Mo Alloys,
295
Composition: 0.004% C – 0.42% Mn – 0.12% Si – 9.95% Mo –
15.20% Co
Composition: 0.004% C – 0.41% Mn – 0.15% Si – 9.95% Ni –
9.99% Mo – 15.30% Co
Composition: 0.008% C – 4.78% Mn – 0.21% Si – 10.04% Mo
– 15.33% Co
Carbon-Free Fe – 15.0% Co – 20.0% Mo Alloys,
296
Composition: 0.003% C – 0.47% Mn – 0.13% Si – 20.02% Mo
– 15.00% Co
Composition: 0.004% C – 0.43% Mn – 0.13% Si – 9.95% Ni –
20.02% Mo – 15.13% Co
Composition 0.006% C – 4.93% Mn – 0.23% Si – 20.17% Mo –
15.33% Co

V ANADIUM STEELS, 297 – 370
Mn- V Structural Steels (As Rolled), 299 – 308
Composition: 0.04% C – 1.90% Mn – 0.11% Si – 0.021% S –
0.019% P – 0.09% V – 0.02% AI – 0.009% N
Composition: 0.06% C – 1.95% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.003% S –
0.010% P – 0.010% Mo – 0.25% V – 0.037% AI – 0.008% N
Composition: 0.07% C – 1.94% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.003% S –
0.009% P – 0.010% Mo – 0.14% V – 0.038% AI – 0.007% N
Composition: 0.09% C – 1.48% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.060% S –
0.014% P – 0.010% Cr – 0.010% Ni – 0.010% Mo – 0.04% V –
0.010% Cu – 0.047% AI
Composition: 0.11% C – 1.28 % Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.018% S –
0.031% P – 0.08% V – 0.005% N
Composition: 0.11% C – 1.23% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.018% S –
0.031% P – 0.08% V – 0.005% N
Composition: 0.11% C – 1.40% Mn – 0.55% Si – 0.063% V
Composition: 0.14% C – 1.52% Mn – 0.48% Si – 0.004% S –
0.011% P – 0.071% V
Composition: 0.14% C – 1.53% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.008% S –

0.009% P – 0.06% Cr – 0.03% Ni – 0.01% Mo – 0.04% V-
0.02% Cu – 0.057% AI

Composition: 0.15% C – 0.90% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.05% V –
0.014% N
Composition: 0.15% C – 1.30% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.009% S –
0.010% P – 0.15% Cr – 0.15% Ni – 0.04% Mo – 0.13% V –
0.19% Cu – 0.02% AI – 0.010% N
Composition: 0.16% C – 1.42% Mn – 0.44% Si – 0.021% S –
0.032% P – 0.025% V – 0.003% Ti – 0.002% Nb – 0.042% AI
Composition: 0.19% C – 1.44% Mn – 0.37% Si – 0.007% S –
0.011% P – 0.10% Cr – 0.08% Ni – 0.01% Mo – 0.17% V –
0.20% Cu – 0.03% AI – 0.010% N
Composition: 0.20% C – 1.45% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.005% S –
0.012% P – 0.11% Cr – 0.10% Ni – 0.02% Mo – 0.08% V –
0.14% Cu – 0.01% AI – 0.010% N
Composition: 0.20% C – 1.46% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.008% S –
0.013% P – 0.12% Cr – 0.10% Ni – 0.02% Mo – 0.14% V –
0.19% Cu – 0.03% AI – 0.012% N
Composition: 0.06% C – 1.97% Mn – 0.37% Si – 0.020% S –
0.006% P – 0.45% V – 0.029% AI – 0.009%
Composition: 0.06% C – 2.00% Mn – 0.37% Si – 0.005% S –
0.006% P – 0 – 0.45% V – 0.029% AI – 0.009% N
Composition: 0.07% C – 1.99% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.004% S –
0,013% P – 0.48% V – 0.038% AI – 0.008% N
Composition: 0.07% C – 1.90% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.006% S –
0.010% P – 0.08% Mo – 0.43% V – 0.06% AI – 0.009% N

xxiii

Mn- V-N Structural Steels (As Rolled), 308-
310
Composition: 0.07% C – 2.79% Mn – 0.18% V – 0.046% Al –
0.005% N
Composition: 0.16% C – 1.40% Mn – 0.04% Si – 0.012% S –
0.004% P – 0.11 V – 0.04% Al – 0.018% N
Composition: 0.17% C – 1.75% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0-0.10% V –
0.02% Al – 0.038% N
Composition: 0.17% C – 1.48% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.021% S –
0.034% P – 0.036% Cr – 0.076% Ni – 0.02% Mo – 0.16% V –
0.04% Cu – 0.028% Al – 0.018%
Composition: 0.19% C – 1.66% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.006% S –
0.013% P – 0.67% Ni – 0.13% V – 0.01% Al – 0.017% N
Ni-V Structural Steels (As Rolled), 311
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.71% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.005% S –
0.007% P – 0.26% Cr – 1.07% Ni – 0.06% Mo – 0.08% V –
0.15% Cu Mn- V-Ti Structural Steels (As
Rolled), 311 – 312
Composition: 0.06% C – 1.17% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.016% S –
0.016% P – 0.04% V – 0.01% Ti
Composition: 0.06% C – 1.27% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.080% S –
0.009% P – 0.01% Cr – 0.01% Ni – 0.01% Mo – 0.04% V –
0.01% Cu – 0.046% Al
Composition: 0.10% C – 1.61% Mn – 0.44% Si – 0.008% S –
0.033% P – 0.06% V – 0.013% Ti – 0.002% Nb – 0.033% Al
Mn-Nb-V, 313 – 317
Composition: 0.06% C – 1.82% Mn – 0.39% Si – 0.012% S –
0.018% P – 0.06% V – 0.066% Nb – 0.011% Al – 0.011% N
Composition: 0.06% C – 1.21% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.001% S –
0.016% P – 0.31% Ni – 0.07% V – 0.043% Nb – 0.30% Cu –
0.041% Al – 0.003% N
Composition: 0.07% C – 1.36% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.004% S –
0.006% P – 0.08% V – 0.026% Nb – 0.036% Al – 0.006% N
Composition: 0.08% C – 1.62% Mn – 0.37% Si – 0.007% S –
0.023% P – 0.21% Cr – 0.10% Ni – 0.10% V – 0.06% Nb –
0.34% Cu – 0.02% Al – 0.008% N
Composition: 0.06% C – 1.69% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.001% S –
0.016% P – 0.31% Ni – 0.08% V – 0.043% Nb – 0.30% Cu –
0.040% Al – 0.003% N
Composition: 0.06% C – 2.33% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.008% S –
0.026% P – 0.40% Cr – 0.01% Ni – 0.01% Mo – 0.08% V –
0.048% Nb – 0.01% Cu – 0.036% Al
Composition: 0.10% C – 1.63% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.010% S –
0.013% P – 0.01% Mo – 0.07% V – 0.06% Nb – 0.046% Al –
0.007% N
Composition: 0.10% C – 1.48% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.008% S –
0.014% P – 0.019% V – 0.003% Ti – 0.023% Nb – 0.046% Al
Composition: 0.11% C – 1.60% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.002% S –
0.017% P – 0.09% V – 0.005% Ti – 0.032% Nb – 0.021% Al
Mn-V-Nb-Ti, 317
Composition: 0.10% C – 1.60% Mn – 0.37% Si – 0.007% S –
0.011% P – 0.022% V – 0.023% Ti – 0.023% Nb – 0.044% Al
Mn-Mo-V Structural Steels (As Rolled), 318-
324
Composition: 0.04% C – 1.19% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.001% S –
0.002% P – 0.02% Cr – 0.02% Ni – 0.33% Mo – 0.09% V –
0.01% Nb – 0.067% Al
Composition: 0.04% C – 1.90% Mn – 0.11% Si – 0.021% S –
0.019% P – 0.19% Mo – 0.09% V – 0.02% Al – 0.009% N
Composition: 0.04% C – 1.90% Mn – 0.11% Si – 0.021% S –
0.019% P – 0.19% Mo – 0.09% V – 0.02% Al – 0.009% N
Composition: 0.04% C – 1.90% Mn – 0.11% Si – 0.021% S –
0.019% P – 0.34% Mo – 0.09% V – 0.02% Al – 0.009% N
Composition: 0.06% C – 1.96% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.003% S –
0.006% P – 0.18% Mo – 0.22% V – 0.020% Al – 0.006% N
Composition: 0.06% C – 1.70% Mn – 0.50% Mo – 0.10% V –
0.020% N
Composition: 0.06% C – 1.46% Mn – 0.14% Si – 0.003% S –
0.018% P – 0.20% Cr – 0.02% Ni – 0.26% Mo – 0.03% V –
0.01% Cu – 0.036% Al
Composition: 0.07% C – 1.62% Mn – 0.47% Si – 0.008% S –
0.004% P – 0.01% Cr – 0.01% Ni – 0.27% Mo – 0.06% V –
0.01% Cu – 0.064%

xxiv
Composition: 0.07% C – 1.67% Mn – 0.49% Si – 0.008% S –
0.004% P – 0.01% Cr – 0.01% Ni – 0.27% Mo – 0.05% V –
0.0006% B – 0.01% Cu – 0.066% Al
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.83% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.005% S –
0.004% P – 0.63% Cr – 1.11% Ni – 0.49% Mo – 0.03% V –
0.30% Cu – 0.031% Al
Composition: 0.15% C – 1.39% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.013% S –
0.016% P – 0.27% Mo – 0.06% V – 0.018% Al – 0.004% N
Composition: 0.17% C – 1.64% Mn – 0.44% Si – 0.006% S –
0.012% P – 0.01% Cr – 0.02% Ni – 0.47% Mo – 0.14% V –
0.002% Nb – 0.01% Cu – 0.010% Al – 0.006% N
Composition: 0.06% C – 0.82% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.001% S –
0.016% P – 0.26% Mo – 0.08% V – 0.04% Nb – 0.040% Al –
0.003% N
Mn-Mo-Nb-V Structural Steels (As Rolled),
324 – 326
Composition: 0.06% C – 1.21% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.001% S –
0.014% P – 0.26% Mo – 0.08% V – 0.044% Nb – 0.036% Al –
0.003% N
Composition: 0.07% C – 1.49% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.001% S –
0.016% P – 0.26% Mo – 0.08% V – 0.042% Nb – 0.036% Al –
0.003% N
Composition: 0.09% C – 1.03% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.016% S –
0.010% P – 0.01% Cr – 0.01% Ni – 0.31% Mo – 0.10% V –
0.09% Nb – 0.021% Al
Composition: 0.12% C – 1.72% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.006% S –
0.016% P – 0.20% Mo – 0.06% V – 0.038% Nb – 0.068% Al –
0.0001% N
Composition: 0.14% C – 1.44% Mn – OJ.23% Si – 0.007% S –
0.011% P – 0.066% Cr – 0.23% Ni – 0.036% Mo – 0.10% V –
0.03% Nb – 0.48% Cu – 0.028% Al – 0.013% N
Quenched and Tempered Structural Steels,
327 – 339
Composition: 0.09% C – 0.94% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.008% S –
0.010% P – 0.10% Cr – 2.64% Ni – 0.64% Mo – 0.04% V –
0.07% Cu – 0.029% Al
Composition: 0.09% C – 0.69% Mn – 0.67% Si – 0.010% S –
0.016% P – 2.00% Cr – 0.56% Mo – 0.37% V – 0.18% Ti –
0.006 % B – 0.41% W
Composition: 0.09% C – 1.01% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.009% S –
0.011% P – 0.62% Cr – 1.49% Ni – 0.62% Mo – 0.06% V –
0.002% B – 0.26% Cu – 0.066% Al
Composition: 0.09% C – 0.82% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.013% S –
0.019% P – 0.12% Cr – 1.85% Ni – 0.63% Mo – 0.04% V –
0.01% Cu – 0.031% Al
Composition: 0.10% C – 2.00% Mn – 1.09% Si – 0.006% S –
0.012% P – 1.80% Cr – 0.66% Mo – 0.15% V
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.007% S –
0.012% P – 0.68% Cr – 0.86% Ni – 0.48% Mo – 0.07% V –
0.001% B – 0.21% Cu
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.52% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.012% S –
0.007% P – 0.66% Cr – 4.92% Ni – 0.63% Mo – 0.08% V –
0.10% Cu – 0.04% Al
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.009% S –
0.007% P – 0.61% Cr – 1.30% Ni – 0.48% Mo – 0.03% V –
0.002% B – 0.27% Cu – 0.077% Al
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.005% S –
0.017% P – 1.08% Cr – 0.04% Ni – 0.31% Mo – 0.22% V –
0.03% Cu – 0.01% Al
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.06% Si – 0.008% S –
0.007% P – 0.67% Cr – 2.62% Ni – 0.48% Mo – 0.06% V –
0.002% B – 0.26% Cu – 0.062% Al
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.73% Mn – 0.37% Si – 0.003% S –
0.008% P – 6.76% Cr – 0.66% Mo – 0.24% V – 0.16% Ti –
0.011% B – 0.26% W
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.56% Mn – 0.68% Si – 0.010% S –
0.012% P – 2.06% Cr – 0.55% Mo – 0.32% V – 0.08% Ti –
0.006% B – 0.32% W

Composition: 0.13% C – 0.71% Mn – 0.66% Si – 6.43% Cr-
0.47% Mo – 0.20% V – 0.16% Ti – 0.010% B – 0.19% W

Composition: 0.13% C – 1.16% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.017% S –
0.018% P – 0.23% Cr – 0.01% Ni – 0.27% Mo – 0.05% V –
0.01% Cu – 0.010% Al

Composition: 0.13% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.016% S –
0.010% P – 0.98% Cr – 0.01% Ni – 0.31% Mo – 0.20% V –
0.02% Cu – 0.010% AI
Composition: 0.14% C – 0.63% Mn – 0.64% Si – 0.006% S –
0.022% P – 1.43% Cr – 0.64% Mo – 0.03% V – 0.006% Ti
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.019% S –
0.013% P – 0.63% Cr – 0.91% Ni – 0.61% Mo – 0.30% V –
0.032% Al
Composition: 0.14% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.006% S –
0.008% P – 0.38% Cr – 0.03% Ni – 0.66% Mo – 0.27% V –
0.01% Cu – 0.010% Al
Composition: 0.16% C – 3.06% Mn – 0.69% Si – 0.006% S –
0.020% P – 0.14% Cr – 0.04% Ni – 0.46% Mo – 0.09% V –
0.09% Cu – 0.70% W
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.77% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.011% S –
0.010% P – 1.27% Cr – 4.26% Ni – 0.46% Mo – 0.10% V –
0.23% Nb
Composition: 0.14-0.20% C – 0.60-1.00% Mn – 0.17-0.37% Si
– <0.070% S – <0.070% P – <0.26% Cr – <0.26% Ni –
0.06-0.09% V – <0.26% Cu
Composition: 0.22% C – 1.46% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.006% S –
0.020% P – 0.98% Cr – 0.01% Ni – 0.46% Mo – 0.03% V –
0.01% Cu – 0.044% Al
Composition: 0.23% C – 0.63% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.018% P –
1.66% Cr – 0.30% Ni – 0.29% Mo – 0.21% V – 0.11% Cu
Composition: 0.23% C – 0.22% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.004% S –
0.016% P – 1.70% Cr – 3.60% Ni – 0.63% Mo – 0.12% V
Composition: 0.26% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.014% S –
0.010% P – 0.46% Cr – 0.81% Ni – 0.61% Mo – 0.06% V
Composition: 0.26% C – 1.67% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.016% S –
0.023% P – 0.06% Cr – 0.03% Ni – 0.11% Mo – 0.06% V –
0.01% Cu – 0.013% Al
Mn-V Quenched and Tempered Steels, 340-
341
Composition: 0.34% C – 1.31% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.10% V –
0.018% Al – 0.016% N
Composition: 0.36% C – 1.62% Mn – 0.47% Si – 0.008% S –
0.001% P – 0.10% Cr – 0.10% Ni – 0.01% Mo – 0.11% V –
0.14% Cu – 0.02% Al
Composition: 0.38% C – 1.63% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.016% S –
0.018% P – 0.02% Cr – 0.01% Ni – 0.12% Mo – 0.07% V –
0.01% Cu – 0.021% .AI
Composition: 0.46% C – 1.34% Mn – 1.46% Si – 0.013% S –
0.022% P – 0.10% V
Cr- V Quenched and Tempered Engineering
Steels, 342
Composition: 0.43% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.10% V –
0.32% Cr
Cr-V-Ti Quenched and Tempered Engineering
Steels, 342 – 343
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.78% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.030% S –
0.006% P – 0.99% Cr – 0.14% Ni – 0.08% Mo – 0.06% V –
0.021% Ti – 0.20% Cu – 0.022% Al – 0.01% N
Composition: 0.39% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.033% S –
0.007% P – 0.99% Cr – 0.14% Ni – 0.03% Mo – 0.12% V –
0.047% Ti – 0.21% Cu – 0.01% N
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.034% S –
0.007% P – 0.96% Cr – 0.13% Ni – 0.07% Mo – 0.06% V –
0.036% Ti – 0.20% Cu – 0.01% N
Mn-Mo-V Quenched and Tempered
Engineering Steels, 344 – 345
Composition: 0.30% C – 1.91% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.009% S –
0.016% P – 0.67% Mo – 0.07% V
Composition: 0.36% C – 1.61% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.007% S –
0.016% P – 1.29% Mo – 0.21% V – 0.10% Cu
Composition: 0.33% C – 2.16% Mn – 0.32% Si – 2.02% Ni –
0.64% Mo – 0.14% V
Cr-Mo-V Quenched and Tempered Engineering
Steels, 345 – 347
Composition:0.32-0.40% C – 4.76-6.60% Cr – 1.10-1.76% Mo
– 0.80-1.20% V

xxv
Composition:0.40% C – 0.60% Mn – 1.00% Si – 0.003% S –
0.010% P – 6.00% Cr – 1.30% Mo – 0.40% V
Composition:0.43% C – 0.90% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.30% Cr –
0.10% V – 0.03% Nb – 0.016% Al – 0.016% N
Cr-Ni-Mo-V Quenched and Tempered
Engineering Steels, 347 – 354
Composition: 0.24% C – 0.74% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.016% S –
0.012% P – 0.37% Cr – 0.67% Ni – 0.62% Mo – 0.03 V
Composition: 0.26% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.012% S –
0.014% P – 1.08% Cr – 0.72% Ni – 1.26% Mo – 0.31% V
Composition: 0.27% C – 1.36% Mn – 0.60% Si – 0.006% S –
0.016% P – 0.68% Cr – 0.68% Ni – 0.34% Mo – 0.08% V
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.40% Si – 1.43% Cr –
3.30% Ni – 0.33% Mo – 0.19% V
Composition: 0.33% C – 0.89% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.009% S –
0.008% P – 1.13% Cr – 0.16% Ni – 1.19% Mo – 0.22% V
Composition: 0.33% C– 0.39% Mn – 0.16% Si – 0.006% S –
0.004% P – 1.09% Cr – 3.60% Ni – 0.72% Mo – 0.12% V –
0.002% Ti – 0.Ql3% Nb – 0.09% Cu – 0.009% Al
Composition: 0.34% C – 0.26% Mn – 0.13% Si – 0.007% S –
0.010% P – 0.61% Cr – 6.10% Ni – 0.63% Mo – 0.09% V
Composition: 0.34% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.010% S –
0.006% P – 1.22% Cr – 2.80% Ni – 0.60% Mo – 0.09% V
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.83% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.006% S –
0.017% P – 0.87% Cr – 1.70% Ni – 1.18% Mo – 0.18% V
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.46% Mn -0.26% Si – 0.008% S –
0.019% P – 2.94% Cr – 0.46% Ni – 0.46% Mo – 0.12% V –
0.06% Cu – 0.010% Al
Composition: 0.39% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.033% S –
0.008% P – 0.94% Cr – 0.19% Ni – 0.03% Mo – 0.003% V –
0.007% Ti – 0.21% Cu – 0.01% N
Composition: 0.39% C – 0.77% Mn – 0.39% Si – 0.032% S –
0.006% P – 0.96% Cr – 0.14% Ni – 0.08% Mo – 0.06% V –
0.21% Cu – 0.Ql% N
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.83% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.007% S –
0.011% P – 1.00% Cr – 1.76% Ni – 0.46% Mo – 0.12% V –
0.07% Cu – 0.010% Al
Composition: 0.49% C – 0.78% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.012% S –
0.018% P – 1.04% Cr – 0.60% Ni – 0.96% Mo – 0.09% V
Composition: 0.66% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.023% S –
0.012% P – 0.76% Cr – 1.63% Ni – 0.24% Mo – 0.14% V –
0.06% Cu – 0.010% Al
Prestressed Concrete Wires, 355
Composition: 0.67% C – 1.39% Mn – 0.76% Si – 0.009% S –
0.016% P – 0.03% Cr – 0.32% Ni – 0.19% V – 0.40% Cu –
0.002% Al – 0.010% N
Composition: 0.69% C – 1.41% Mn – 0.70% Si – 0.009% S –
0.030% P – 0.06% Cr – 0.03% Ni – 0.19% V – 0.03% Cu –
0.006% Al – 0.007% N
Rail Steels, 356 – 357
Composition: 0.66% C – 1.14% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.016% S –
0.024% P – 1.16% Cr – 0.16% V – 0.006% N
Composition: 0.73% C – 0.77% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.010% S –
0.012% P – 1.68% Cr – 0.01% Ni – 0.46% Mo – 0.06% V –
0.06% Cu – 0.010% Al
Composition: 0.78% C – 1.61% Mn – 0.48% Si – 0.028% S –
0.014% P – 0.16% V – 0.18% Cu – 0.Ql8% Al – 0.018% N
Spring Steels, 357 – 361
Composition: 0.27% C – 0.77% Mn – 1.39% Si – 1.64% Cr –
0.20% Ni – 0.66% Mo – 0.07% V
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.69% Mn – 1.40% Si – 0.78% Cr –
1.71% Ni – 0.31% Mo – 0.04% V
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.86% Mn – 1.64% Si – 0.014% S –
0.024% P – 1.01% Cr – 0.61% Ni – 0.49% Mo – 0.07% V –
0.037% Al – 0.022% N
Composition: 0.33% C – 0.86% Mn – 1.62% Si – 0.014% S –
0.024% P – 0.81% Cr – 1.80% Ni – 0.40% Mo – 0.07% V –
0.040% Al – 0.020% N
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.86% Mn – 1.66% Si – 0.014% S –
0.023% P – 1.21% Cr – 0.21% Ni – 0.68% Mo – 0.06% V –
0.037% Al – 0.021% N
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.86% Mn – 1.66% Si – 0.014% S –
0.024% P – 1.60% Cr – 0.23% Ni – 0.68% Mo – 0.07% V –
0.039% Al – 0.022% N

Composition: 0.55% C – 0.50% Mn – 0.87% Si – 0.035% S –
0.02% P – 0.10% Cr – 0.10% Ni – 0.55% Mo – 0.22% V
Composition: 0.64% C – 0.73% Mn – 0.82% Si – 0.011% S –
0.014% P – 1.26% Cr – 0.05% Ni – 0.16% V – 0.03% Cu –
0.006% Al – 0.012% N
High-Temperature Creep-Resistant Steels, 361
– 364
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.53% Mn – 0.35% Si – 0.010% S –
0.015% P – 2.28% Cr – 0.04% Ni – 1.00% Mo – 0.20% V –
0.03% Cu – 0.010% Al
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.47% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.010% S –
0.014% P – 2.16% Cr – 0.16% Ni – 0.88% Mo – 0.17% V –
0.05% Cu – 0.010% Al
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.65% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.015% S –
0.007% P – 1.16% Cr – 0.01% Ni – 1.02% Mo – 0.26% V –
0.02% Cu – 0.010% Al
Composition: 0.18% C – 0.53% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.007% S –
0.012% P – 1.00% Cr – 0.96% Mo – 0.19% V
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.45% Mn – 1.03% V – 0.-002% N
Composition: 0.21% C – 0.48% Mn – 0.97% Si – 2.92% Ni –
1.09% V – 0.01% Al
Composition: 0.24% C – 0.45% Mn – 2.92% Ni – 1.09% V –
0.55% Al
Tool and Die Steels, 365 – 367

Composition: 0.37% C – 0.51% Mn – 1.00% Si – 5.10% Cr-
1.26% Mo – 0.97% V

Composition: 0.75% C – 0.31% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.019% S –
0.025% P – 4.25% Cr – 0.20% Ni – 1.45% V – 17.54% W
Composition: 0.92% C – 0.31% Mn – 0.35% Si – 0.019% S –
0.025% P – 4.10% Cr – 4.90% Mo – 1.88% V – 6.20% W
Composition: 1.06% C – 4.43% Cr – 0.44% Mo – 2.32% V –
10.32% W – 3.92% Co
Composition: 1.13% C – 0.51% Mn – 0.50% Si – 0.022% S –
0.025% P – 4.02% Cr – 8.80% Mo – 1.24% V – 1.80% W –
7.90% Co
Composition: 2.50% C – 2.00% Cr – 0.60% Ni – 5.20% Mo –
7.20% V
Stainless Steels, 368 – 369
Composition: 0.20% C – 12.00% Cr – 1.00% Mo – 0.30% V
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.48% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.012% S –
0.016% P – 12.80% Cr – 0.13% Ni – 0.03% Mo – 0.05% V –
0.01% Cu – 0.036% Al
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.51% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.006% S –
0.022% P – 11.80% Cr – 0.49% Ni – 1.00% Mo – 0.31% V –
0.03% Cu – 0.010% Al

BRITISH ENGINEERING STEELS, 371 – 451
Introduction, 373 – 376
0.05 C (SAE 1005-1006), 377
Composition: 0.05% C – 0.25% Mn
0.06 C (SAE 1005-1006), 377
Composition: 0.06% C – 0.30% Mn
0.06 C (SAE 1008), 378
Composition: 0.06% C – 0.50% Mn
1-1/4 Mn (SAE 1518-1524), 378
Composition: 0.19% C – 1.20% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S
1-1/2 Mn (SAE 1518-1524), 379
Composition: 0.19% C – 1.50% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S
1-1/4 Mn (SAE 1525-1527), 379
Composition: 0.28% C – 1.20% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020%
1-1/2 Mn (SAE 1526-1527), 380
Composition: 0.28% C – 1.50% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S

xxvi
1-3/4 Mn (SAE 1330), 380
Composition: 0.30% C – 1.80% Mn – 0.15% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S
1-1/4 Mn (SAE 1536), 381
Composition: 0.36% C – 1.20% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S
1-1/2 Mn (SAE 1536-1541), 381
Composition: 0.36% C – 1.50% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S
1-3/4 Mn (SAE 1541, 1335-1340), 382
Composition: 0.38% C – 1.80% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.025% P –
0.020% S
1-3/4 Mn (SAE 1547, 1345), 382
Composition: 0.46% C – 1.80% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.020% P –
0.015% S
1 Mn + S (SAE 1212-12L14), 383
Composition: 0.10% C – 1.10% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.250% S
1 Mn + S (SAE 1140-1146), 383
Composition: 0.42% C – 1.15% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.160% S
1-1/2 Mn + S (SAE 1139), 384
Composition: 0.44% C – 1.50% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.250% S
1-3/4 Si Mn, 384
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.85% Mn – 1.75% Si – 0.030% P –
0.030% S
2 Si Mn, 385 – 386
Composition: 0.54% C – 0.85% Mn – 1.90% Si – 0.030% P –
0.030% S – 0.10% Cr – 0.02% Mo – 0.16% Ni
Composition: 0.59% C – 0.85% Mn – 1.90% Si – 0.030% P –
0.030% S
Composition: 0.62% C – 0.85% Mn – 1.90% Si – 0.030% P –
0.030% S
1/2 Ni, 386
0.55% C – 0.65% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.025% P – 0.025% S –
0.65% Ni
1 Ni, 387
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.85% Ni
Composition: 0.43% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.85% Ni
1-1/2 Ni, 388
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.020% P –
0.015% S – 0.20% Cr – 0.05% Mo – 1.50% Ni
3 Ni, 388
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.51% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.011% P –
0.007% S – 0.07% Cr – 3.03% Ni – 0.032% Al – <0.01% Ti
3-1/2 Ni, 389 – 390
Composition: 0.10%C – 0.53% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.007% P –
0.005% S – 0.05% Cr – 3.65% Ni – 0.045% Al – 0.07% Cu
Composition: 0.33% C – 0.74% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.031% P –
0.027% S – 0.07% Cr – 0.11% Mo – 3.47% Ni
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.007% P –
0.005% S – 0.23% Cr – 0.10% Mo – 3.45% Ni
5 Ni, 390
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 4.8% Ni
9 Ni, 391
Composition: 0.09% C – 0.45% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.010% P –
0.012% S – 0.10% Cr – 0.04% Mo – 9.00% Ni – 0.030% Al
1/2 Cr (SAE 5015, 4118), 391
Composition: 0.15% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.40% Cr

3/4 Cr (SAE 5117-5120,4118), 392
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.80% Cr
1 Cr, 392
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.96% Cr
1 Cr (SAE 5130-5132), 393
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.06% Cr
1/2 Cr, 393
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.60% Cr
1 Cr (SAE 5140), 394
Composition: 0.39% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.06% Cr
1/2 Cr (SAE 5046), 394
Composition: 0.46% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.60% Cr
1 Cr (SAE 5145-5150), 395
Composition: 0.60% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.026% P –
0.020% S – 1.20% Cr
1/2 Cr (SAE 5060, 5155-5160), 395
Composition: 0.69% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.026% P –
0.026% S – 0.66% Cr – 0.20% Ni
3/4 Cr, 396
Composition: 0.60% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.026% P –
0.026% S – 0.76% Cr
13 Cr (SAE 51405-51409), 396
Composition: 0.07% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.020% P –
0.010% S – 13.0% Cr – 0.20% Ni
13 Cr (SAE 51410), 397
0,12% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.020% P – 0.010% S –
12.6% Cr – 0.20% Ni
13 Cr (SAE 51420), 397 – 398
Composition: 0.17% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 12.6% Cr – 0.20% Ni
Composition: 0.:’4% C – 0.27% Mn – 0.37% Si – 0.021% P –
0.010% S – 13,3% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 0.32% Ni
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.30% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.020% P –
0.010% S – 13.0% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 0.20% Ni
1/4 Mo (SAE 4012), 399
Composition: 0.17% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – o.ao% Mo
1/4 Mo (SAE 4023-4024), 399
Composition: 0.24% C – 0.90% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.23% Mo
1/4 Mo, 400
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.026% P –
0.020% S – 0.26% Mo
1/4 Mo (SAE 4037-4042), 400
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.80% Mo – 0.30% Si – 0.026% P –
0.020% S – 0.26% Mo
1/4 Mo (SAE 4047), 401
Composition: 0.48% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.026% P –
0.020% S – 0.26% Mo
1/2 Mo (SAE 4419-4422), 401
Composition: 0.22% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.60% Mo
1/2 Mo, 402
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.026% P –
0.021% S – 0.63% Mo
1-1/2 Mn (SAE 1513-1518), 402
Composition: 0.16% C – 1.40% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S

1-1/2 Mn Mo, 403 – 405
Composition: 0.27% C – 1.66% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.026% P –
0.026% S – 0.28% Mo
Composition: 0.30% C – 1.66% Mn – 0,20% Si – 0.026% P –
0.026% S – 0.28% Mo
Composition: 0.32% C – 1.60% Mn – 0.18% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.27% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 1.66% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.026% P –
0.026% S – 0.28% Mo
Composition: 0.37% C – 1.60% Mn – 0.18% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.27% Mo
Composition: 0.38% C – 1.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.46% Mo
1-1/4 Mn Cr, 406 – 407
Composition: 0.22% C – 1.10% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.016% P –
0.020% S – 0.60% Cr – 0.02% Mo – 0.18% Ni – 0.08% V –
0.30% Cu
Composition: 0.16% C – 1.16% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.96% Cr
Composition: 0.20% C – 1.26% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.026% P –
0.016% S – 1.16% Cr – 0.02% Mo – 0.16% Ni
1-1/2 Si Cr, 407
Composition: 0.66% C – 0.76% Mn – 1.60% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.70% Cr
3-1/2 Si Cr, 408
Composition: 0.46% C – 0.60% Mn – 3.40% Si – 0.016% P –
0.010% S – 8.60% Cr
1-1/2 Ni Mn, 408
Composition: 0.16% C – 1.40% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.016% S – 0.20% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 1.60% Ni
1-3/4 Ni Mo (SAE 4615-4620), 409
Composition: 0.17% C – 0.66% Mn – 0,20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.20% Cr – 0.26% Mo – 1.80% Ni
1-3/4 Ni Mo, 409
Composition: 0.24% C – 0,66% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.20% Cr – 0.26% Mo – 1.80% Ni
1-3/4 Ni Mo, 410
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.48% Mn – 0.16% Si – 0,016% P –
0.040% S – 0.16% Cr – 0.26% Mo – 1.76% Ni
3-1/2 Ni Mo (SAE 4815-4820), 410
Composition: 0.18% C – 0.47% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.009% P –
0.010% S – 0.18% Cr – 0.23% Mo – 3.33% Ni
5 Ni Mo, 411
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.20% Mo – 6.00% Ni
3/4 Ni Cr, 411
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.63% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 0.86% Ni
1 Ni Cr, 412
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.86% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 1.16% Ni
1-1/4 Ni Cr, 412 – 413
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.66% Cr – 1.30% Ni
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.66% Cr – 1.30% Ni
1-1/2 Ni Cr, 413 – 414
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.96% Cr – 1.46% Ni
Composition: 0.14% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.66% Cr – 1.66% Ni
2 Ni Cr, 414
Composition: 0.16% C – 0,60% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.013% P –
0.014% S – 1.96% Cr – 0.03% Mo – 2.02% Ni – 0,030% Al
3-1/4 Ni Cr, 415
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.90% Cr – 3.26% Ni

x xvii

3 Ni Cr, 415
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.57% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.16% Cr – 3.00% Ni
4 Ni Cr, 416
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.16% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.16% Cr – 4.10% Ni
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.26% Cr – 4.10% Ni
18 Cr Ni (SAE 51431), 417
Composition: 0.14% C – 0.68% Mn – 0.67% Si – 0.024% P –

0.012% S – 17.98% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 2.96% Ni – 0.04% AI-
0.10% Co – 0.10% Cu

1/2 Cr Mo, 417 – 418
Composition: 0.14% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.60% Cr – 0.55% Mo
1/2 Cr Mo, 418
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.40% Cr – 0.46% Mo
3/4 Cr Mo, 418 – 419
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.46% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.015% P –
0.016% S – 0.86% Cr – 0.60% Mo – 0.16% Ni
Composition: 0.27% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.13% Si – 0.030% P –
0.022% S – 0.74% Cr – 0.66% Mo – 0.19% Ni
3/4 Cr Mo (SAE 4161), 419
Composition: 0.60% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.80% Cr – 0.30% Mo
1 Cr Mo, 420
Composition: 0.18% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.00% Cr – 0.20% Mo
Composition: 0.26% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.06% Cr – 0.22% Mo
1 Cr Mo (SAE 4130), 421
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% S – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.00% Cr – 0.20% Mo
1 Cr Mo (SAE 4135), 421
Composition: 0.34% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.06% Cr – 0.26% Mo
1 Cr Mo (SAE 4135-4137), 422
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.00% Cr – 0.20% Mo
1 Cr Mo (SAE 4140-4142), 422
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.06% Cr – 0.30% Mo
1 Cr Mo (SAE 4145-4147), 423
Composition: 0.46% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.00% Cr – 0.20% Mo
1 Cr Mo (SAE 4147-4150), 423
Composition: 0.50% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.00% C – 0.22% Mo
1-1/4 Cr Mo (SAE 4137), 424
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.16% Cr – 0.20% Mo
11/4 Cr Mo (SAE 4140-4142), 424
Composition: 0.42% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.16% Cr – 0.20% Mo
1-1/4 Cr Mo, 425
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.030% P –
0.030% S – 1.26% Cr – 0.60% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.031% P –
0.022% S – 1.23% Cr – 0.61% Mo – 0.14% Ni
2-1/4 Cr Mo, 426
Composition: 0.14% C – 0.46% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.010% P –
0.010% S – 2.28% Cr – 1.06% Mo – 0.21% Ni

3 Cr Mo, 426 – 427
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 3.10% Cr – 0.62% Mo
Composition: 0.28% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 3.10% Cr – 0.62% Mo
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 3.06% Cr – 0.40% Mo – 0.30% Ni
3-1/4 Cr Mo, 428
Composition: 0.17% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.14% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 3.26% Cr – 0.66% Mo
Composition: 0.26% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.14% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 3.26% Cr – 0.66% Mo
5 Cr Mo (SAE 51501), 429
Composition: 0.14% C – 0.46% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.016% P –
0.026% S – 4.66% Cr – 0.66% Mo – 0.13% Ni
5 Cr Mo, 429
Composition: 0.28% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 6.00% Cr – 0.66% Mo
9 Cr Mo, 430
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.026% P –
0.020% S – 9.0% Cr – 1.00% Mo
1 Cr V (SAE 6150), 430
Composition: 0.60% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.026% P –
0.025% S – 0.96% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 0.16% Ni – 0.20% V
1-1/2 Mn Ni Mo, 431
Composition: 0.19% C – 1.60% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.26% Mo – 0.66% Ni
2 Si Cr Mo, 431
Composition: 0.60% C – 0.86% Mn – 1.90% Si – 0.026% P –
0.026% S – 0.30% Cr – 0.26% Mo
1/2 Ni Cr Mo (SAE 8115, 8615-8617), 432
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.60% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 0.66% Ni
1/2 Ni Cr Mo (SAE 8622-8627, 8720, 8822), 432
Composition: 0.24% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.60% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 0.66% Ni
1/2′ Ni Cr Mo (SAE 8625-8630), 433
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.60% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 0.66% Ni
1/2 Ni Cr Mo (SAE 8640-8642, 8740), 433
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.60% Cr – 0.26% Mo – 0.66% Ni
1/2 Ni Cr Mo (SAE 8645-8650), 434
Composition: 0.48% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.020% P –
0.010% S – 0.68% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 0.60% Ni
1/2 Ni Cr Mo (SAE 8660), 434
Composition: 0.60% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.026% P –
0.026% S – 0.60% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 0.66% Ni
3/4 Ni Cr Mo, 435
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.026% S – 0.76% Cr – 0.26% Mo – 0.86% Ni
1 Ni Cr Mo, 435
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.06% Cr – 0.22% Mo – 1.06% Ni
11/2 Ni Cr Mo, 436 – 438
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.06% Cr – 0.16% Mo – 1.40% Ni
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.66% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 1.66% Ni
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.60% Cr – 0.25% Mo – 1.50% Ni
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.20% Cr – 0.16% Mo – 1.60% Ni
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.20% Cr – 0.30% Mo – 1.60% Ni

x xviii

1-3/4 Ni Cr Mo. 438 – 439
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.06% Cr – 0.16% Mo – 1.80% Ni
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.80% Cr – 0.26% Mo – 1.80% Ni
2 Ni Cr Mo. 439 – 440
Composition: 0.17% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.66% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 2.00% Ni
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.48% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 2.00% Cr – 0.40% Mo – 2.00% Ni
2-1/2 Ni Cr Mo. 440 – 441
Composition: 0.31% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.66% Cr – 0.66% Mo – 2.66% Ni
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.66% Cr – 0.66% Mo – 2.66% Ni
3 Ni Cr Mo. 441 – 442
Composition: 0.31% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.06% Cr – 0.28% Mo – 3.00% Ni
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.63% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.020% P –
0.010% S – 0.68% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 3.20% Ni
3-1/2 Ni Cr Mo (SAE 9310). 442
Composition: 0.13% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.86% Cr – 0.18% Mn – 3.40% Ni
4 Ni Cr Mo. 443 – 444
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.Q18% S – 1.15% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 4.10% Ni
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.26% Cr – 0.30% Mo – 4.10% Ni
Composition: 0.34% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.80% Cr – 0.36% Mo – 4.00% Ni
1/2 Cr Mo V. 444
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 0.40% Cr – 0.60% Mo – 0.15% Ni – 0.26% V
1 Cr Mo V. 445
Composition: 0.22% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.16% Cr – 0.60% Mo – 0.13% Ni – 0.22% V
1-1/4 Cr Mo V. 445
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.032% P –
0.026% S – 1.19% Cr – 0.69% Mo – 0.13% Ni – 0.22% V
2-1/2 Cr Mo V. 446
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.010% P –
0.016% S – 2.60% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 0.30% Ni – 0.18% V
3-1/4 Cr Mo V. 446
Composition: 0.39% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.16% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 3.26% Cr – 0.96% Mo – 0.20% V
1 Cr Al Mo. 447
Composition: 0.33% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.16% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 1.00% Al
1-1/2 Cr Al Mo. 447 – 448
Composition: 0.31% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.60% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 1.10% Al
Composition: 0.39% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.60% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 1.10% Al
Composition: 0.42% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.020% P –
0.020% S – 1.66% Cr – 0.33% Mo – 1.00% Al
1-1/2 Mn Ni Cr Mo. 449 – 451
Composition: 0.27% C – 1.36% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.025% P –
0.025% S – 0.46% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 0.75% Ni
Composition: 0.33% C – 1.36% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.025% P –
0.026% S – 0.46% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 0.76% Ni
Composition: 0.37% C – 1.36% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.025% P –
0.025% S – 0.45% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 0.76% Ni
Composition: 0.38% C – 1.40% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.030% P –
0.030% S – 0.60% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 0.76% Ni
Composition: 0.43% C – 1.36% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.026% P –
0.026% S – 0.46% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 0.76% Ni

xxix
12 Cr Mo V (SAE 51420 mod). 451
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.030% P –
0.030% S – 12.00% Cr – 1.00% Mo – 0.66% Ni – 0.30% V
OTHER STEELS, 453 – 520
8640 &8740. 455
Composition: 0.42% C – 0.89% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.018% P –
0.016% S – 0.68% Ni – 0.62% Cr – 0.24%
AMS 6416 (300-M). 455
Composition: 0.43% C – 0.83% Mn – 1.56% Si – 0.021% P –
0.009% S – 1.84% Ni – 0.91% Cr – 0.40% Mo – 0.12% V
AMS 6418. 456
Composition: 0.22% C – 1.30% Mn – 1.36% Si – 1.88% Ni –
0.22% Cr – 0.38% Mo
AMS 6428 and 6434. 456
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.19% Si – 0.012% P –
0.021% S – 1.70% Ni – 0.82% Cr – 0.31% Mo – 0.12% Cu –
0.17% V
L6 Tool Steel. 457
Composition: 0.72% C – 0.36% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.018% P –
0.010% S – 1.76% Ni – 0.94% Cr
Composition: 0.76% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.26% Si – 1.36% Ni –
0.75% Cr – 0.30% Mo – 0.15% V
AI0 Tool Steel. 458
Composition: 1.36% C – 1.84% Mn – 1.14% Si – 1.81% Ni –
0.15% Cr – 1.41% Mo – 0.38% Graphite
2315. 458
Composition: 0.19% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.016% P –
0.023% S – 3.60% Ni – 0.09% Cr – 0.05% Mo
2340. 459
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.89% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.021% P –
0.011% S – 3.34% Ni – 0.11% Cr
9% Nickel Low Carbon Steel, 459
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.77% Mn – 0.28% Si – 8.66% Ni –
0.05% Cr – 0.02% Mo
3120 Steel. 460
Composition: 0.21% C – 0.61% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.017% P –
0.016% S – 1.36% Ni – 0.67% Cr – 0.02% Mo – 0.04%
3190 Steel. 460
Composition: 0.91% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.013% P –
0.026% S – 1.36% Ni – 0.60% Cr – 0.03% Cu
3240 Steel. 461
Composition: 0.43% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.026% P –
0.021% S – 1.76% Ni – 1.19% Cr – 0.05% Mo – 0.06% Cu
3330 Steel. 461
Composition: 0.29% C – 0.21% Mn – 0.06% Si – 0.026% P –
0.017% S – 3.26% Ni – 1.46% Cr
Krupp 0.15 C Steel. 462
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.46% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.013% P –
0.020% S – 4.03% Ni – 1.64% Cr – 0.03% Mo
Krupp 0.90C Steel. 462
Composition: 0.89% C – 0.39% Mn – 0.19% Si – 4.00% Ni –
1.68% Cr
4330 Steel. 463
Composition: 0.33% C – 0.69% Mn – 0.41% Si – 0.043% P –
0.028% S – 1.41% Ni – 0.72% Cr – 0.28% Mo
4330 Mod. (Si + V) Steel. 463
Composition: 0.34% C – 0.98% Mn – 1.37% Si – 0.016% P –
0.006% S – 1.82% Ni – 0.96% Cr – 0.42% Mo – 0.14% V
4630 Steel. 464
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.74% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.016% P –
0.014% S – 1.70% Ni – 0.12% Cr – 0.23% Mo
4695 Steel. 464
Composition: 0.96% C – 0.68% Mn – 0.24% Si – 1.79% Ni –
0.25% Mo

SAE EX-l Steel, 465
Composition: 0.17% C – 0.49% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.010% P –
0.015% S – 5.07% Ni – 0.18% Cr – 0.24% Mo – 0.10% CU
SAE EX-2 Steel, 465
Composition: 0.69% C – 0.42% Mn – 0.80% Ni – 0.20% Cr –
0.13% Mo
8695 Steel, 466
Composition: 0.95% C – 0.82% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.56% Ni –
0.52% Cr – 0.19% Mo
9310 Steel, 466
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.70% Mn – 3.19% Ni – 1.26% Cr –
0.11% Mo
9315 Steel, 467
Composition: 0.17% C – 0.59% Mn – 0.30% Si – 3.18% Ni –
1.12% Cr – 0.13% Mo
9395 Steel, 467
Composition: 0.95% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.22% Si – 3.27% Ni –
1.23% Cr – 0.13% Mo
6F4 Tool Steel, 468
Composition: 0.22% C – 0.50% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.016% P –
0.026% S – 2.80% Ni – 2.95% Mo
6F5 Tool Steel, 468
Composition: 0.55% C – 0.90% Mn – 1.00% Si – 2.75% Ni –
0.40% Cr – 0.45% Mo – 0.13% V
2-3/4 Nickel Forging Steel, 469
Composition: 0.29% C – 0.77% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.34% P –
0.31% S – 2.72% Ni – 0.04% Cr – 0.05% Mo
2-1/2 Nickel Saw Steel, 469
Composition: 0.76% C – 0.41% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.012% P –
0.023% S – 2.50% Ni – 0.13% Cr – 0.08% Mo – 0.12% CU
VCM Nitriding Steel, 470
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.014% P – 0.018% S –
0.70% Ni – 1.06% Cr – 1.01% Mo
2-1/2 Ni – 1/2 Mo – V Turbine Rotor Steel, 47C
Composition: 0.34% C – 0.71% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.039% P –
0.028% S – 2.52% Ni – 0.14% Cr – 0.42% Mo – 0.02% V
5-1/4 Ni – 1/4 Mo – V, 471
Composition: 0.23% C – 0.52% Mn – 0.25% Si – 5.35% Ni –
0.20% Cr – 0.27% Mo – 0.08% V
Ni-Cr-Mo-V-Cu-B, 471
Composition: 0.15% C – 0.92% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.014% P –
0.020% S – 0.88% Ni – 0.50% Cr – 0.46% Mo – 0.32% Cu –
0.06% V – 0.003% B
3-1/4 Ni-Cr-Mo, 472
Composition: 0.33% C – 0.57% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.005% P –
0.007% S – 3.26% Ni – 0.85% Cr – 0.09% Mo
3 Ni-Cr-Mo-V, 472
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.51% Mn – 0.19% Si – 0.013% P –
0.009% S – 3.02% Ni – 1.37% Cr – 0.48% Mo – 0.18% V
4-1/4 Ni – 1-1/2 Cr – 1/10 Mo, 473
Composition: 0.35% C – 0.44% Mn – 0.14% Si – 0.016% P –
0.008% S – 4.23% Ni – 1.43% Cr – 0.13% Mo
4-1/4 Ni – 1-1/2 Cr – 1/3 Mo, 473
Composition: 0.33% C – 0.51% Mn – 0.17% Si – 0.013% P –
0.009% S – 4.16% Ni – 1.44% Cr – 0.31% Mo
5% Nickel Steel, 0.50% C, 474
Composition: 0.51% C – 0.23% Mn – 0.17% Si – 0.006% P –
0.017% S – 5.26% Ni
5% Nickel Steel, 0.80% C, 474
Composition: 0.79% C – 0.23% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.007% P –
0.015% S – 5.25% Ni
5% Nickel Steel, 1.2% C, 474
Composition: 1.26% C – 0.21% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.009% P –
0.019% S – 5.30% Ni

xxx
7-1/2% Nickel Steel, 0.25% C, 474
Composition: 0.29% C – 0.15% Mn – 0.13% Si – 0.010% P –
0.011% S – 7.61% Ni
7-1/2% Nickel Steel, 0.50% C, 475
Composition: 0.48% C – 0.22% Mn – 0.16% Si – 0.006% P –
0.16% S – 7.61% Ni
7-1/2% Nickel Steel, 0.80% C, 475
Composition: 0.79% C – 0.21% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.008% P –
0.016% S – 7.53% Ni
7-1/2% Nickel Steel, 1.2% C, 475
Composition: 1.18% C – 0.22% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.008% P –
0.016% S – 7.64% Ni
10% Nickel Steel, 0.50% C, 475
Composition: 0.51% C – 0.21% Mn – 0.16% Si – 0.005% P –
0.016% S – 10.11% Ni
10% Nickel, 0.80% C, 476
Composition: 0.77% C – 0.20% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.006% P –
0.019% S – 10.01% Ni
10% Nickel Steel, 1.2% C, 476
Composition: 1.17% C – 0.21% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.009% P –
0.019% S – 10.30% Ni
Fe-l V-0.2C Steel, 476
Composition: 0.19% C – 0.92% V
Fe-lV-lAI-0.2C Steel, 476
Composition: 0.21% C – 0.96% V – 0.97% AI
Fe-lV-1.5Ni-0.2C, 476
Composition: 0.20% C – 1.46% Ni – 0.96% V
Fe – 0.19 C – 1.81 Mo Steel, 477
Composition: 0.19% C – <0.002% Mn – 0.004% Si – 0.006% P – 0.002% S – 1.81% Mo
Fe – 4Mo – OAC Steel, 477
Composition: 0.43% C – 4.0% Mo
Fe – 4 Mo – 1.0C Steel, 477
Composition: 1.0% C – 4.0% Mo
Fe – 2.3% Mo – 0.22% C Steel, 477
Composition: 0.22% C – 2.3% Mo
Fe-C-Mo Steels, 478
Composition: 0.14% C – <0.003% Mn – 0.0009% Si – 0.002%
P – 0.002% S – <0.005% Ni – <0.004% Cr – 2.29% Mo –
<0.002% Cu – <10 ppm N – 168 ppm 0
Composition: 0.15% C – <0.002% Mn – 0.001% Si – 0.001% P – 0.006% S 2.55% Mo
Composition: 0.17% C – 0.002% Mn – 0.003% Si – 0.002% P –
0.004% S – 0.030% Ni – 0.002% Cr – 2.94% Mo – 0.007% Co –
0.004% Cu – 0.002% AI – 0.003% V – 0.004 N
Composition: 0.15% C – 3.40% Mo
Composition: 0.15% C – 3.67% Mo
Composition: 0.14% C – 3.98% Mo
Composition: 0.19% C – 2.30% Mo
Composition: 0.19% C – 2.56% Mo
Composition: 0.19% C – 2.98% Mo
Composition: 0.17% C – 3.76% Mo
Composition: 0.20% C – 4.00% Mo
Composition: 0.18% C – 4.25% Mo
Composition: 0.24% C – 2.31% Mo
Composition: 0.24% C – 2.56% Mo
Composition: 0.26% C – 2.94% Mo
Composition: 0.25% C – 3.19% Mo
Composition: 0.24% C – 3.76% Mo
Composition: 0.23% C – 4.00% Mo
Composition: 0.24% C – 4.28% Mo
Fe – 7.6 Ni – 0048 C Steel, 478
Composition: 0.48% C – <0.01% Mn – 0.011% Si – 0.003% P – 0.004% S – 7.64% Ni – <0.01% Cr – <0.01% AI
Fe – 0.61C Steel, 478
Composition: 0.61% C – 0.01% Mn – 0.014% Si – 0.003% P –
0.005% S – <0.01% Ni – <0.01% Cr – <0.01% AI

Fe – O.13C – 2.99 Cr Steel, 479
Composition: 0.13% C – 0.002% Mn – 0.001% Si – 0.001% P –
0.006% S – 2.99% Or
Low Carbon 2.4-4.15% Cr Steels, 479
Composition: 0.16% C – <0.02% Ni – 2.40% Cr – <0.02% Mo
– <0.001% B
Composition: 0.17% C – <0.02% Ni – 3.16% Cr – <0.02% Mo
– <0.001% B
Composition: 0.14% C – <0.02% Ni – 3.83% Cr – <0.02% Mo
– <0.001% B
Composition: 0.16% C – <0.02% Ni – 4.16% Cr – <0.02% Mo
– <0.001% B
Fe – 10 Cr Steel, 480
Composition: Fe – 0.003-0.007% C – 9.6% Cr
Fe-C-Cr Steel, 480
Composition: Fe – 0.19% C – 4.6% Cr
Composition: Fe – 0.22% C – 10.6% Cr
Fe-Cr-C Steels, 481
Composition: Fe – 0.1% C – 13.0% Cr
HSLA Steel, 482
Composition: 0.11% C – 1.61% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.003% S –
0.029% Nb
SAE 1513 + Cb (Nb), 482
Compoosition: 0.12% C – 1.23% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.03% Al
Croloy 1-1/4, 482
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.38% Mn – 0.62% Si – 0.013% P –
0.012% S – 0.17% Ni – 1.16% Cr – 0.48% Mo – 0.10% Cu
Croloy 2-1/4, 482
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.42% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.018% P –
0,013% S – 0.27% Ni – 2.16% Cr – 0.96% Mo
Croloy 3M, 483
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.017% P –
0.016% S – 0.34% Ni – 2.96% Cr – 0.94% Mo
Croloy 5, 483
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.46% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.012% P –
0.016% S – 0.20% Ni – 4.79% Cr – 0.64% Mo
Croloy 7, 483·
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.63% Mn – 0.66% Si – 0.016% P –
0.036% S – 0.07% Ni – 7.60% Cr – 0.46% Mo
Croley 9M, 483
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.46% Si – 0.013% P –
0.017% S – 0.28% Ni – 8.40% Cr – 0.96% Mo
2-1/4 Cr – 1 Mo Steel, 484
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.42% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.018% P –
0.013% S – 0.27% Ni – 2.16% Cr – 0.96% Mo
0.2% Carbon Steel, 484
Composition: 0.2% C – 0.6% Mn – 1.0% Ni – 1.0% Cr – 0.4%
Mo
PS 32 Steel, 485
Composition: 0.22% C – 0.79% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.87% Ni –
0.62% Cr – 0.47% Mo
PS 55 Steel, 485
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.81% Mn – 0.19% Si – 1.80% Ni –
0.48% Cr – 0.66% Mo
3% Mo Low Carbon Tool Steels, 485
Composition: 0.22% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.016% P –
0.026% S – 2.80% Ni – 2.96% Mo
Composition: 0.24% C – 0.63% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.016% P –
0.027% S – 2.96% Mo
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.017% P –
0.025% S – 2.96% Mo
Non-Superhardening NPL.D Steel, 486
Composition: 0.43% C – 1.68% Mn – 0.42% Si – 0.022% P –
0.042% S – 0.24% Ni – 0.27% Cr – 0.12% Mo – 0.18% Co –
0.033% Sn – 0.006% Al

xxxi
Superhardening l2TT Steel, 486
Composition: 0.42% C – 1.76% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.031% P –
0.029% S – 0.24% Ni – 0.28% Cr – 0.12% Mo – 0.17% Co –
0.020% Sn – 0.11% Al
D-6ac High Strength Steel, 486
Composition: 0.46% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.66% Ni –
1.16% Cr – 1.0% Mo – 0.06% V
Deep Hardening Steels, 487
Composition: 0.66% C – 0.79% Mn – 0.36% Si – 1.27% Ni –
1.00% Cr – 0.29% Mo
Composition: 0.60% C – 0.37% Mn – 0.24% Si – 3.22% Ni –
2.14% Cr – 0.07% Mo
Composition: 0.36% C – 0.69% Mn – 0.24% Si – 3.26% Ni –
1.32% Cr – 0.48% Mo – 0.27% V
Ni-Cr-Mo Steel, 488
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.68% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.032% P –
0.020% S – 2.36% Ni – 0.76% Cr – 0.62% Mo – 0.11% V
Alloy Steels, 488 – 489
Composition: 0.69% C – 0.96% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.032% P –
0.022% S – 1.06% Cr – 0.64% Mo – 0.12% V
Composition: 0.86% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.040% P –
0.024% S – 2.47% Ni – 1.21% Cr – 0.60% Mo
Composition: 0.60% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.036% P –
0.024% S – 2.76% Ni – 1.26% Cr – 0.60% Mo – 0.12% V
Composition: 0.42% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.030% P –
0.022% S – 2.71% Ni – 1.00% Cr – 0.48% Mo
65Nb Steel, 489
Composition: 0.66% C – 0.16% Mn – 0.18% Si – 4.02% Cr –
2.04% Mo – 1.02% V – 0.26% Nb – 2.99% W
SAE 1075, 489
Composition: 0.76% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.17% Si – 0.013% P –
0.016% S – 0.012% Ni – 0.014% Cr
Eutectoid Steels, 490
Composition: 0.76% C – 0.61% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.02% P –
0.02% S – 0.017% Cr – 0.006% Mo – 0.003-0.01% Al
Composition: 0.76% C – 0.61 % Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.02% P –
0.02% S – 0.004% Cr – 0.10% Mo – 0.003-0.01% Al
Composition: 0.76% C – 0.82% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.02% P –
0.02% S – 0.60% Or – 0.16% Mo – 0.003-0.01% Al
Composition: 0.76% C – 0.6% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.02% P –
0.02% S – 0.68% Cr – 0.30% Mo
3.5% Chromium Magnet Steel, 491
Composition: 0.93% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.01% P –
0.02% S – 0.16% Ni – 3.66% Cr
SAE 51100 Steel, 491
Composition: 0.97% C – 0.39% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.020% P –
0.013% S – 1.04% Cr
1.0% C High-Chromium Steels, 492
Composition: 1.02% C – 0.33% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.016% P –
0.011% S – 8.8% Cr
Composition: 1.02% C – 0.33% Mn – 0.35% Si – 0.020% P –
0.012% S – 2.9% Cr
Composition: 1.04% C – 0.18% Mn – 0.36% Si – <0.01% P –
<0.01% S – 4.0% Cr
Composition: 1.06% C – 0.31% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.017% P –
0.012% S – 6.7% Cr
Hypereutectoid Carbon Steels, 493
Composition: 1.20% C – 0.91% Mn – 0.23% Si – <0.003% P –
0.002% S
Composition: 1.48% C – 0.90% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.002% P –
0.0039% S
Composition: 1.72% C – 0.90% Mn – 0.26% Si – <0.003% P –
<0.003% S
403/410 Stainless Steels, 494
Composition: 0.06% C – 12.8% Cr
Composition: 0.10% C – 12.4% Cr
Composition: 0.12% C – 12.3% Cr

403 Stainless Steel, 495
Composition: 0.15% C – 1.00% max Mn – 0.50% max Si –
0.04% max P – 0.08% max S – 11.50-18.00% Cr
416 Stainless Steel, 495
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.79% Mn – 0.74% Si – 0.017% P –
0.190% S – 0.25% Ni – 12.82% Cr – 0.05% Mo – 0.037% N –
0.08% Zr
440A Stainless Steel, 496
Composition: 0.62% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.17% Si – 16.59% Cr
440B Stainless Steel, 496
Composition: 0.98% C – 0.49% Mn – 0.48% Si – 18.40% Cr –
0.55% Mo
0.1% C – 13.0% Cr Steels, 497 – 498
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.49% Mn – 0.10% Si – 0.016% P –
0.013% S – 0.48% Ni – 12.80% Cr
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.49% Mn – 0.09% Si – 0.024% P –
0.012% S – 0.46% Ni – 12.50% Cr – 0.45% Co
Composition: 0.13% C – 0.50% Mn – 0.45% Si – 0.034% P –
0.010% S – 0.52% Ni – 18.2% Cr – 0.99% Co
Composition: 0.18% C – 0.52% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.023% P –
0.008% S – 0.48% Ni – 12.8% Cr – 1.87% Co
Composition: 0.18% C – 0.49% Mn – 0.15% Si – 0.012% P –
0.010% S – 0.51% Ni – 12.4% Cr – 4.9% Co
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.48% Mn – 0.55% Si – 0.024% P –
0.011% S – 0.51% Ni – 18.3% Cr – 8.0% Co
Composition: 0.13% C – 0.42% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.025% P –
0.012% S – 0.49% Ni – 13.5% Cr – 11.9% Co
430 Stainless Steel, 499
Composition: 0.09% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.34% Ni –
17.20% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 0.010% AI – 0.03% N
442 Stainless Steel, 499
0.17% C – 0.56% Mn – 0.46% Si – 0.35% Ni – 20.96% Cr –
0.04% Mo – 0.013% AI – 0.12% N
446 Stainless Steel, 499
Composition: 0.24% C – 0.46% Mn – 0.42% Si – 0.26% Ni –
24.85% Cr – 0.02% Mo – 0.010% AI – 0.17% N
M2 Tool Steel, 500
Composition: 0.81% C – 0.24% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.016% P –
0.007% S – 4.10% Cr – 4.69% Mo – 1.64% V – 5.95% W
M2 Mod Tool Steel, 500
Composition: 0.83% C – 0.32% Mn – 0.25% Si – 3.89% Cr –
4.80% Mo – 1.80% V – 5.79% W
MI0 Tool Steel, 501
Composition: 0.85% C – 4.00% Cr – 8.00% Mo – 1.90% V
Tl Tool Steel, 501
Composition: 0.72% C – 0.27% Mn – 0.89% Si – 4.09% Cr –
1.25% V – 18.59% W
T2 Tool Steel, 502
Composition: 0.85% C – 4.00% Cr – 0.75% Mo – 2.10% V –
18.50% W
T4 Tool Steels, 502

Composition: 0.72% C – 0.23% Mn – 0.48% Si – 4.04% Cr-
4.72% Co – 1.24% V – 18.38% W

T7 Tool Steel, 503
Composition: 0.73% C – 4.00% Cr – 2.00% V – 14.00% W
T8 Tool Steel, 503
Composition: 0.80% C – 4.00% Cr – 0.75% Mo – 5.00% Co –
2.00% V – 14.00% W
HJ1 Tool Steel, 504
Composition: 0.40% C – 1.05% Si – 5.00% Cr – 1.35% Mo –
0.85% V
H12 Tool Steel, 504
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.85% Mn – 0.95% Si – 4.86% Cr –
1.45% Mo – 1.29% W
H13 Tool Steel, 505
Composition: 0.40% C – 1.05% Si – 5.00% Cr – 1.35% Mo –
1.10% V

H14 Tool Steel, 506
Composition: 0.40% C – 1.15% Si – 5.25% Cr – 4.25% W
H16 Tool Steel, 506
Composition: 0.54% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.93% Si – 7.83% Cr –
6.90% W
H21 Tool Steel, 507
Composition: 0.28% C – 8.25% Cr – 0.25% V – 9.00% W
D2 Tool Steel, 507
Composition: 1.50% C – 11.50% Cr – 0.80% Mo – 0.20% V
D4 Tool Steel, 508
Composition: 2.25% C – 11.50% Cr – 0.80% Mo – 0.20% V
A2 Tool Steel, 508
Composition: 0.97% C – 0.48% Mn – 0.40% Si – 4.58% Cr –
1.04% Mo – 0.25% V
01 Tool Steel, 509
Composition: 0.85% C – 1.18% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.50% Cr –
0.44%W
02 Tool Steel, 509
Composition: 0.87% C – 1.78% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.027% P –
0.010% S – 0.15% Ni – 0.20% Cr – 0.03% Mo
Sl Tool Steel, 510
Composition: 0.50% C – 1.25% Cr – 0.20% V – 2.75% W
S2 Tool Steel, 510
Composition: 0.50% C – 0.35% Mn – 1.0% Si – 0.018% P –
0.018% S – 0.19% Ni – 0.11% Cr – 0.50% Mo
S5 Tool Steel, 511
Composition: 0.60% C – 0.75% Mn – 1.90% Si – 0.25% Cr –
0.30% Mo
P2 Tool Steel, 511
Composition: 0.07% (max) C – 0.55% Ni – 1.35% Cr – 0.20%
Mo
P2 (Carburized Case) Tool Steel, 512
Composition: 0.07% (max) C – 0.55% Ni – 1.85% Cr – 0.20%
Mo
P4 Tool Steel, 512
Composition: 0.14% C – 0.41% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.19% Ni –
5.12% Cr – 0.51% Mo
P20 Tool Steel, 513
Composition: 0.30% C – 0.75% Mn – 0.50% Si – 0.80% Cr –
0.25% Mo
Ll Tool Steel, 513
Composition: 1.01% C – 0.50% Mn – 0.30% Si – 1.21% Cr
L2 Tool Steel, 514
Composition: 0.45% C – 0.70% Mn – 1.00% Cr – 0.20% V
F2 Tool Steel, 514
Composition: 1.32% C – 0.28% Mn – 0.50% Si – 0.22% Cr –
3.51% W
WI Tool Steel, 515
Composition: 0.95% C – 0.25% Mn – 0.20% Si
Composition: 1.14% C – 0.22% Mn – 0.16% Si
W2 Tool Steel, 516
Composition: 0.95% C – 0.20% V
W4 Tool Steel, 516
Composition: 1.05-1.15% C – 0.30% Mn – 0.50% Si – 0.25%
Cr
Fe-Ni-Cr Steels, 517
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.30% Si – <0.005% P –
<0.015% S – 4.00% Ni – 17.0% Cr – 0.005% N
Composition: O.l1%C – 0.88% Mn – 0.88% Si – <0.005% P –
<0.015% S – 7.25% Ni – 15.6% Cr – 0.005% N
Fe-Ni-Mn Steels, 518
Composition: 0.016% C – 8.62% Mn – 0.04% Si – 28.2% Ni –
0.001% N – 0.015% 0
Composition: 0.05% C – 8.73% Mn – 22.94% Ni – 0.015% N

xxxii

Ni-Al-Ti-Cb Steel, 519
Composition: 0.010% C – 0.08% Mn – 0.08% Si – 24.9% Ni –
0.26% Al – 1.68% Ti – 0.15% Cb (Nb)
Alnico Steels, 519
Composition: 0.025% C – 14.90% Ni – 84.75% Co – 8.55% Cu
– 7.00% Al – 0% Ti
Composition: 0.017% C – 14.92% Ni – 84.25% Co – 8.20% Cu
– 7.00% AI – 2.10 Ti
Composition: 0.005% C – 14.92% Ni – 84.50% Co – 2.88% Cu
– 7.07% AI – 8.85% Ti
Composition: 0.014% C – 14.76% Ni – 84.50% Co – 8.05% Cu
– 7.10% Al – 6.25% Ti
Ticonal 600, 520
Composition: 18.6% Ni – 24.0% Co – 8.0% Cu – 7.85% Al
Ticonal 800, 520
Composition: 18.75% Ni – 28.7% Co – 2.9% Cu – 8.0% Al –
1.8% Nb
Ticonal 1500, 520
Composition: 14.8% Ni – 84.1% Co – 8.6% Cu – 7.55% Al –
5.8% Ti
Ticonal 600 Si-Mod., 520
Composition: 18.45% Ni – 24.7% Co – 8.0% Cu – 7.95% Al –
0.8% Nb + Si
ADDITIONAL STEELS, 521 – 607
Low Carbon Low Alloy High Strength Steels,
523 – 524
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.88% Mn – 0.80% Si – 0.004% P –
0.005% S – 0.80% Cu – 1.11% Ni – 0.58% Cr – 0.49% Mo –
0.08% V – 0.081% sol. Al
Composition: 0.22% C – 0.88% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.007% P –
0.011% S – 0.80% Cu – 1.06% Ni – 0.54% Cr – 0.51% Mo –
0.029% sol. Al
Composition: 0.22% C – 0.85% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.008% P –
0.012% S – 0.80% Cu – 1.05% Ni – 0.54% Cr – 0.51% Mo –
0.02% V – 0.024% sol. Al
2.6 Ni – 0.4 Mo Steel, 525
Composition: 0.80% C – 0.52% Mn – 0.18% Si – <0.02% P –
0.021% S – 2.64% Ni – <0.05% Cr – 0.87% Mo – <0.015% Al
3.6 Ni – 0.5 Mo Steel, 525
Composition: 0.80% C – 0.41% Mn – 0.28% Si – <0.02% P –
0.014% S – 8.64% Ni – <0.05% Cr – 0.47% Mo – 0.058% Al
1 Cr – 1 Mo – 0.2 V Steel, 526
Composition: 0.26% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.72% Mn – 0.29% Si –
<0.02% P – 0.025% S – 0.11% Ni – 1.01% Cr – 1.04% Mo –
0.28% V – <0.015% Al
2 Ni – 1.3 Cr – 0.5 Mo Steel, 526
Composition: 0.88% C – 0.52% Mn – 0.11% Si – <0.02% P –
0.014% S – 2.02% Ni – 1.84% Cr – 0.47% Mo – 0.09% V –
0.040% Al
3 Ni – 2 Cr – 0.7 Mo Steel, 527
Composition: 0.26% C – 0.41% Mn – 0.22% Si – <0.02% P –
0.024% S – 2.91 Ni – 1.98% Cr – 0.69% Mo – <0.015% Al
3-1/2NiCrMoV Turbine Disk Steel, 528
Composition: 0.8% C – 0.8% Mn – 8.64% Ni – 1.68% Cr –
0.49% Mo – 0.08% V
AISI S7 Tool Steel, 529
Composition: 0.50% C – 0.71% Mn – 0.80% Si – 8.20% Cr –
1.82% Mo
Duracut Chipper Knife Steel, 530
Composition: 0.51% C – 0.34% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.82% Ni –
4.8% Cr – 1.99% Mo
1010 Steel, 531
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.50% Mn – 0.16% Si – 0.004% P –
0.010% S – 0.0005% N

1010 Mo Steel, 531
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.50% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.002% P –
0.007% S – 0.56% Mo – 0.008% Al – 0.002% N
1010 Mo-B Steel, 532
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.52% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.002% P –
0.005% S – 0.0068% B – 0.050% Al – 0.0007% N
1036 Steel, 532
Composition: 0.87% C – 1.45% Mn – 0.25% Si
10B36 Steel, 533
Composition: 0.86% C – 1.45% Mn – 0.25% Si
SAE 1038 Steel, 534
Composition: 0.88% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.015% P –
0.030% S – 0.068% Al – 0.008% N
Composition: 0.38% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.25% Si
– 0.015% P – 0.030% S – 0.063% Al – 0.003%
N] SAE 1040 Steel, 535
Composition: 0.89% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.010% P –
O.oI8% S
SAE 1541 Steel, 535
Composition: 0.89% C – 1.56% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.010% P –
0.024% S
SAE 15B4l Steel, 536
Composition: 0.42% C – 1.61% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.006% P –
0.019% S – 0.004% B
VAN-80 HSLA Steel, 536
Composition: 0.18% C – 1.28% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.004% P –
0.012% S – 0.09% V – 0.07% Al – 0.018% N
SAE 3140 Steel, 537
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.26% Si – 1.28% Ni –
0.71% Cr
SAE 4024 Steel, 537
Composition: 0.24% C – 0.88% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.28% Mo
SAE 4047 Steel, 538
Composition: 0.51% C – 0.81% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.26% Mo
SAE 4130 Steel, 539
Composition: 0.81% C – 0.47% Mn – 0.84% Si – 0.021% P –
0.019% S – 0.26% Ni – 0.92% Cr – 0.17% Mo
SAE 4140 Steel, 540 – 541
Composition: 0.87% C – 0.77% Mn – 0.98% Cr – 0.21% Mo
Composition: 0.44% C – 1.04% Mn – 0.29% Si – 1.18% Cr –
0.15% Mo
SAE 43BV14, 541
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.57% Mn – 0.29% Si – 1.86% Ni –
0.47% Cr – 0.18% Mo – 0.07% V – 0.0014% B
SAE 4315 Steel, 542
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.42% Si – 0.008% P –
0.029% S – 1.84% Ni – 0.78% Cr – 0.85% Mo
SAE 4330 Steel, 543
Composition: 0.26% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.89% Si – 0.008% P –
0.007% S – 1.77% Ni – 0.70% Cr – 0.82% Mo
SAE 4340 Steel, 544
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.87% Mn – 0.28% Si – 1.88% Ni –
0.72% Cr – 0.20% Mo
SAE 4340+Si Steel, 544
Composition: 0.43% C – 0.88% Mn – 1.55% Si – 1.84% Ni –
0.91% Cr – 0.40% Mn – 0.12% V – 0.088% Al
SAE 4640 Steel, 545
Composition: 0.42% C – 0.71% Mn – 0.28% Si – 1.77% Ni –
0.24% Mo
SAE 4815 Steel, 545
Composition: 0.14% C – 0.45% Mn – 0.22% Si – 3.42% Ni –
0.21% Mo
SAE 5140 Steel, 546
Composition: 0.42% C – 0.87% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.89% Cr
xxxiii

SAE 5160 Steel, 546
Composition: 0.63% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.83% Cr
SAE 52100 Steel, 547
Composition: 1.06% C – 0.33% Mn – 0.32% Si – 1.44% Cr
SAE 6115 Steel, 548
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.009% P –
0.019% S – 0.92% Cr – 0.16% V
SAE 6135 Steel, 549
Composition: 0.67% Mn – 0.46% Si – 0.98% Cr – 0.23% V
SAE 8620 Steel, 550
Composition: 0.17% C – 0.82% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.62% Ni –
0.60% Cr – 0.20% Mo
SAE 8620 Steel, 551
Composition: 0.21% C – 0.71% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.002% P –
0.006% S – 0.63% Ni – 0.49% Cr – 0.17% Mo – 0.014% Cu –
0.014% Al
Composition: 0.21% C – 0.71% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.002% P –
0.006% S – 0.63% Ni – 0.49% Cr – 0.17% Mo – 0.014% Cu –
0.014% AI
SAE 8630 Steel, 552
Composition: 0.31% C – 0.94% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.009% P –
0.023% S – 0.69% Ni – 0.63% Cr – 0.21% Mo
SAE 8640 Steel, 553
Composition: 0.37% C – 0.87% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.66% Ni –
0.44% Cr – 0.18% Mo
SAE 86B40 Steel, 553
Composition: 0.44% C – 0.88% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.49% Ni –
0.66% Cr – 0.14% Mo, B
SAE 9260 Steel, 554
Composition: 0.67% C – 0.91% Mn – 1.96% Si
SAE 9840 Steel, 554
Composition: 0.43% C – 0.84% Mn – 0.26% Si – 1.00% Ni –
0.81% Cr- 0.23% Mo
AISr 01 Tool Steel, 555
Composition: 0.87% C – 1.21% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.62% Cr –
0.68% W
AISI S5 Tool Steel, 555
Composition: 0.62% C – 0.72% Mn – 1.72% Si – 0.46% Mo
Fe – 3.8Mn – 0.7Si Steel, 556
Composition: 0.038% C – 3.83% Mn – 0.72% Si – 0.006% P –
0.019% S – 0.04% Ni – 0.02% Cr – <0.006% Mo – 0.04% Cu –
0.080% Al – <0.006% Nb – <0.006% Ti
Fe – 2.9Mn – 0.7Si Steel, 556
Composition: 0.037% C – 2.90% Mn – 0.73% Si – 0.009% P –
0.016% S – 0.02% Ni – 0.04% Cr – <0.006% Mo – 0.03% Cu –
0.033% Al – <0.006% Nb – <0.006% Ti
Mn-Mo-Si-Cr Steels, 557 – 558
Composition: 0.061% C – 1.0% Mn – 1.0% Si
Composition: 0.08% C – 1.17% Mn – 0.70% Si – 0.62% Mo
Composition: 0.061% C – 1.13% Mn – 0.77% Si – 0.28% Cr –
0.30% Mo
Hot-Rolled Dual Phase Steel, 558
Composition: 0.06% C – 1.19% Mn – 0.87% Si – 0.38% Mo –
0.064% Al
C-Mn Steels, 559
Composition: 0.12% C – 1.33% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.011% P –
0.009% S
Composition: 0.11% C – 1.58% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.013% P –
0.009% S
Composition: 0.11% C – 1.73% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.009% P –
0.010% S
Composition: 0.11% C – 1.99% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.012% P –
0.009% S
Iron-Manganese-Nickel Steel, 559
Composition: 0.11% C – 3.00% Mn – 0.16% Si – 1.70% Ni –
0.25% Mo

HSLA Steels, 560
ASTM A710 Composition: 0.05% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.28% Si –
0.88% Ni – 0:11% Cr – 0.20% Mo – 1.12% Cu – 0.035% Nb
ASTM A710 Mod. Composition: 0.06% C – 1.46% Mn –
0.35% Si – 0.97% Ni – 0.72% Cr – 0.42% Mo – 1.25% Cu –
0.040% Nb
HSLA 80/10 Composition: 0.05% – 1.00% Mn – 0.34% Si –
1.77% Ni – 0.72% Cr – 0.50% Mo – 1.25% Cu – 0.040% Nb
HSLA 100 Composition: 0.06% C – 0.83% Mn – 0.37% Si –
3.48% Ni – 0.58% Cr – 0.59% Mo – 1.66% Cu – 0.28% Nb
0.24C-Mn-Mo-V Composition: 0.24% C – 1.67% Mn – 0.39%
Si – 0.14% Ni – 01.17% Cr – 0.22% Mo – 0.11% V
0.35C-Mn-Mo-V Composition: 0.36% C – 1.40% Mn – 0.76%
Si – 0.06% Ni – 0.07% Cr – 0.19% Mo – 0.14% V
Cu-Ni-Mo-Cb Steel, 561
Composition: 0.14% C – 0.98% Mn – 0.35% Si – 0.009% P –
0.012% S – 1.21% Ni – 0.32% Cr – 0.40% Mo – 0.63% Cu –
0.032% Al – 0.014% N – 0.02% Cb
12.0% Cr – 1.0% Mo-V Steel, 561
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.47% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.026% P –
0.009% S – 0.39% Ni – 11.59% Cr – 0.98% Mo – 0.002% Al –
0.28% V – 0.0323% N
1-1/4Cr – 1/2Mo Steel Plate, 561
Composition: 0.15% C – 0.65% Mn – 0.58% Si – 0.009% P –
0.005% S – 1.40% Cr – 0.59% Mo – 0.027% sol. Al
Composition: 0.16% C – 0.58% Mn – 0.53% Si – 0.009% P –
0.005% S – 1.41% Cr – 0.59% Mo – 0.062% sol. Al – 0.0003%
B
Mn-Mo-V-N Steel, 562
Composition: 0.15% C – 1.49% Mn – 0.39% Si – 0.018% P –
0.015% S – 0.50% Mo – 0.16% V – 0.14% N
CrMoZr Structural Steel, 562
Composition: 0.17% C – 0.84% Mn – 0.54% Si – 0.019% P –
0.011% S – 0.89% Cr – 0.40% Mo – 0.031% Al – 0.09% Zr
2-1/4Cr – IMo Steel, 563
Composition: 0.09% C – 0.44% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.008% P –
0.010% S – 2.25% Cr – 0.99% Mo
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.41% Mn – 0.43% Si – 0.012% P –
0.012% S – 0.25% Ni – 2.10% Cr – 1.02% Mo
lCr-0.5Mo Stuctural Steel, 564
Composition: 0.19% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.30% Si 0.023% P –
0.021% S – 1.07% Cr – 0.48% Mo – 0.047% Al
ICr-0.5Mo-B Structural Steel, 564
Composition: 0.19% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.022% P –
0.025% S – 1.03% Cr – 0.49% Mo – 0.006% B – 0.041 Al
2.7Ni-0.9Cr-0.25Mo-B Structural Steel, 565
Composition: 0.19% C – 0.57% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.018% P –
0.009% S – 2.72% Ni – 0.87% Cr – 0.25% Mo – 0.10% V –
0.0017% B
9Ni-4Co Ultrahigh-Strength Steel, 565
0.32% C – 0.13% Mn – 0.15% Si – 0.090% P – 0.005% S –
9.05% Ni – 4.07% CO
HY-80 Steel, 566
Composition: 0.15% C – 0.32% Mn – 0.31% Si – 2.72% Ni –
1.52% Cr – 0.41% Mo
Composition: 0.19% C – 0.30% Mn – 0.04% Si – 0.007% P –
0.006% S – 3.30% Ni – 1.78% Cr – 0.50% Mo – 0.004% Al
Low C MnNiMoB Steel, 567
Composition: 0.015% C – 1.99% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.006% P –
0.004% S – 1.00% Ni – <0.01% Cr – 0.29% Mo – 0.017% Al –
0.002% B
HY-80 Steel, 568
Composition: 0.1% C – 0.1% Mn – 0.05% Si – 10.0% Ni –
8.0% Co – 2.0% Cr – 1.0% Mo

xxxiv

V-Mo-Ti Steel, 569
Composition: 0.18% C – 0.81% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.40% Ni –
0.49% Cr – 0.17% Mo – 0.066% Al – 66 ppm N
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.10% Ni –
0.69% Cr – 0.09% Mo – 0.07% V – 0.021% Al – 0.34% Ti –
160 ppm N
Rail Steel, 570
Composition: 0.77% C – 0.96% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.014% p –
0.017% S – 0.10% Cr
9Ni Steel, 570
Composition: 0.033% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.006% P –
0.007% S – 8.63% Ni – 0.13% Cr – 0.02% Mo – 0.032% Al –
0.0083% N2
9Ni-Mo Steel, 571
Composition: 0.096% C – 0.48% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.008% P –
0.008% S – 9.30% Ni – 0.17% Cr – 0.61% Mo – 0.046% Al –
0.008% N2
15Mo3 Steel, 571

Composition: 0.16% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.016% P-
0.009% S – 0.31% Mo – 0.03% V – 0.004% Al – 0.009% N

13CrMo 4 4 Steel, 571
Composition: 0.11% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.016% P –
0.016% S – 0.07% Ni – 0.84% Cr – 0.48% Mo – 0.01% V –
0.002% AI – 0.011% N
lOCrMo 9 10 Steel, 571
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.49% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.013% P –
0.013% S – 2.43% Cr – 1.06% Mo – 0.01% V – 0.012% N
X12CrMo 7 Steel, 571
Composition: 0.08% C – 0.68% Mn – 0.68% Si – 0.019% P –
0.007% S – 0.29% Ni – 6.31% Cr – 0.61% Mo – 0.04% V –
0.003% Al – 0.016% N
8Cr-2Mo Steel, 572
Composition: 0.19% c- 0.46% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.019% P –
0.018% S – 0.09% Ni – 7.83% Cr – 2.02% Mo – 0.01% V –
0.006% Al – 0.013% N
X12CrMo 9 1 Steel, 572
Composition: 0.09% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.62% Si – 0.022% P –
0.008% S – 0.14% Ni – 9.29% Cr – 1.01% Mo – 0.04% V –
0.009% Al – 0.018% N
X20CrMoV 121 Steel, 572
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.47% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.026% P –
0.009% S – 0.39% Ni – 11.49% Cr – 0.98% Mo – 0.28% V –
0.002% Al – 0.0323% N
12Cr-IMo-IW-V-Nb Steel, 572
Composition (approx.): 0.1% C – 0.6% Mn- 0.26% Si – 12.0%
Cr – 1.0% Mo – 0.28% V – 0.06% Nb – 1.0% W
18-0-1 Steel, 573
Composition: 0.64% C – 0.44% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.023% P –
0.023% S – 4.02% Cr – 0.42% Mo – 1.24% V – 7.44% W
6-5-2 Steel, 573
Composition: 0.61% C – 0.40% Mn – 0.41% Si – 0.023% P –
0.030% S – 3.94% Cr – 2.46% Mo – 1.24% V – 1.60% W
2-9-2 Steel, 573
Composition: 0.62% C – 0.42% Mn – 0.47% Si – 0.028% P –
0.030% S – 8.97% Cr – 8.16% Mo -1.16% V – 0.99% W
1524MoV Steel, 574
Composition: 0.22% C – 1.64% Mn – 0.86% Si -0.014% P –
0.036% S – 0.11% Mo – 0.11% V – 0.011% N
3.5NiCrMoV Rotor Steel, 574
Composition: 0.26% C – 0.40% Mn – <0.10% Si – 3.60% Ni –
1.60% Cr – 0.60% Mo – 0.10% V
Cr-Mo-V Rotor Steel, 575
Composition: 0.32% C – 0.74% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.037% P –
0.036% S – 0.84% Ni – 1.04% Cr – 1.20% Mo – 0.24% V
B.S. En 12 Steel, 575
Composition: 0.48% C – 0.96% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.018% P –
0.024% S – 0.93% Ni – 0.16% Cr – 0.04% Mo

BS En 16 Steel, 576
Composition: 0.83% C – 1.48% Mn – 0.18% Si- 0.028% P –
0.028% S – 0.26% Ni – 0.16% Cr – 0.27% Mo
BS En 17 Steel, 576
Composition: 0.38% C – 1.49% Mn – 0.26% Si – 0.036% P –
0.028% S – 0.24% Ni – 0.10% Cr – 0.41% Mo
BS En 19 Steel, 577
Composition: 0.44% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.22% Si – 0.023% P –
0.028% S – 0.24% Ni – 1.19% Cr – 0.87% Mo
BS En 23 Steel, 577
Composition: 0.82% C – 0.61% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.018% P –
0.018% S – 8.22% Ni – 0.63% Cr – 0.22% Mo
BS En 26 Steel, 578
Composition: 0.88% C – 0.56% Mn – 0.16% Si – 0.011% P –
0.006% S – 2.42% Ni – 0.74% Cr – 0.46% Mo
BS En III Steel, 578
Composition: 0.86% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.13% Si – 0.036% P –
0.032% S – 1.27% Ni – 0.66% Cr
BS En 160 Steel, 579
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.48% Mn – 0.18% Si – 0.016% P –
0.043% S – 1.76% Ni – 0.17% Cr – 0.22% Mo
42Cr Mo4 Steel, 579
Composition: 0.41% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.26% Si -0.008% P –
0.024% S – 0.81% Ni – 1.03% Cr – 0.17% Mo – 0.28% Cu –
0.01% V
0.27C-1.17Mn-0.31Si-0.48Cr-0.00 13B Steel, 580

Composition: 0.27% C – 1.17% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.48% Cr-
0.0013B

Weld Zone CCTs, 581
Composition: 0.094% C – 1.82% Mn – 0.8% Si
Composition: 0.18% C – 1.3% Mn – 0.27% Si
C-Mn Weld Metals, 582 – 584
Composition: 0.06% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.41% Si – 0.028% P –
0.008% S – 0.06% Ni – 0.01% Mo – 71 ppm N – 411 ppm 0
Composition: 0.07% C – 1.36% Mn – 0.62% Si – 0.022% P –
0.006% S – 0.06% Ni – 0.01% Mo – 94 ppm N – 362 ppm 0
Composition: 0.07% C – 2.12% Mn – 0.88% Si – 0.023% P –
0.008% S – 0.06% Ni – 0.01% Mo – 81 ppm N – 317 ppm 0
C-Mn-Ni Weld Metals, 585 – 588 .
Composition: 0.06% C – 0.98% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.017% P –
0.011% S – 0.06% Ni – 0.06% Mo – 46 ppm N – 446 ppm 0
Composition: 0.04% C – 1.20% Mn – 0.41% Si – 0.024% P –
0.014% S – 1.10% Ni – 0.07% Mo – 120 ppm N – 430 ppm 0
Composition: 0.06% C – 1.18% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.022% P –
0.010% S – 2.62% Ni – 0.08% Mo – 178 ppm N – 482 ppm 0
Composition: 0.04% C – 1.29% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.030% P –
0.017% S – 8.68% Ni – 0.08% Mo – 141 ppm N – 432 ppm 0
Ti-Oxide Bearing Steel, 589
Composition: 0.079% C – 1.39% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.0007% P –
0.0007% S – 0.002% Al – 0.012% Ti – 0.0016% N – 0.0017% 0
Composition: 0.092% C – 1.42% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.0010% P –
0.0008% S – 0.020% Al – 0.0016% N – 0.0020% 0
Si-Mn Steel, 590
Composition: 0.09% C – 0.81% Mn – 0.11% Si – 0.017% P –
0.018% S – 0.11% Cu – 0.0060% N – 0.014% 0
Si-Mn-Ti-B Steel, 590
Composition: 0.11% C – 1.16% Mn – 0.29% Si – 0.013% P –
0.011% S – 0.08% Mo – 0.10% Cu – 0.043% Ti – 0.0034% B –
0.0067% N – 0.020% 0
T 1 Steel, 591
Composition: 0.16% C – 1,00% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.014% P –
0.023% S – 0.94% Ni – 0.63% Cr – 0.46% Mo – 0.34% Cu –
0.004% Ti – 0.0014% B – 0.06% V – 0.008% Sn
SAE 1320 Steel, 591
Composition: 0.24% C – 1.69% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.024% P –
0.019% S

xxxv

SAE 1050 Steel, 592
Composition: 0.60% C – 0.91% Mn
SAE 4340 Steel, 592
Composition: 0.42% C – 0.78% Mn – 1.79% Ni – 0.80% Cr –
0.33% Mo
SAE 4142 Steel, 593
Composition: 0.40% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.010% P –
0.026% S – 0.16% Ni – 1.11% Cr – 0.16% Mo – 0.16% CU
SAE 52100 Steel, 594
Composition: 0.99% C – 0.37% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.011% P –
0.022% S – 0.07% Ni – 1.50% Cr – 0.01% Mo – 0.11% Cu
0.44 C Steel, 595
Composition: 0.44% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.18% Si – 0.42% Ni –
0.22% Cr
0.82 C Steel, 595
Composition: 0.82% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.18% Si – 0.42% Ni –
0.22% Cr
Ni-Cr Steel, 596
Composition: 0.80% C – 0.27% Mn – 0.019% P – 0.019% S –
8.60% Ni – 1.26% Cr
SAE 4337 Steel, 597
Composition: 0.36% C – 1.46% Ni – 1.1% Cr – 0.27% Mo
Fe-0.2C-5Cr Steel, 597
Composition: 0.28% C – 6.1% Cr
Fe-0.2C-l V Steel, 597
Composition: 0.18% C – 1.09% V
Low Alloy Steel, 598
Composition: 0.67% C – 0.82% Mn – 0.80% Si – 0.016% P –
0.019% S – 1.16% Ni – 1.07% Cr – 0.26% Mo
Carbon Steel, 598
Composition: 0.106% C – 0.0086% Si – 0.0016% P – 0.003% S
– 0.0006% 0
C-Mn Steel, 598
Composition: 0.105% C – 1.53% Mn – 0.0036% Si – 0.0015%
P – 0.0017% S – 0.0001% 0
Nb Steel, 599
Composition: 0.10% C – 1.54% Mn – 0.0036% Si – 0.0016% P
– 0.0012% S – 0.04% Nb – 0.0003% 0
Low-Carbon Bainitic Steel, 600
Composition: 0.08% C – 1.67% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.011% P –
0.002% S – 0.07% V – 0.03% Nb – 0.018% Ti – 0.042% sol. Al
0.0038% N
Composition: 0.02% C – 1.60% Mn – 0.16% Si – 0.043% Nb –
0.017% Ti – 0.0018% B – 0.0020% N
0.IC-0.24Mo-B Steel, 601
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.87% Mn – 0.33% Si – 0.24% Mo –
0.002% B – 0.005% N – 0.048% Zr
0.IC-0.39Mo-B Steel, 602 – 603
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.88% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.39% Mo –
0.003% B – 0.006% N – 0.046% Zr
0.IC-0.66Mo-B Steel, 604 – 605
Composition: 0.10% C – 0.88% Mn – 0.35% Si – 0.66% Mo –
0.003% B – 0.006% N – 0.044% Zr
0.2% C – 0.38% Mo-B Steel, 605 – 606
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.87% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.38% Mo –
0.003% B – 0.006% N – 0.052% Zr
Nb Steel, 607
Composition: 0.16% C – 1.41% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.018% P –
0.017% S – 0.031% Nb – 0.020% sol. Al – 0.0064% N

TIME-TEMPERATURE PRECIPITATION, 609
– 652
Carbon Steels, 611 – 612
Composition: 0.23% C – 0.86% V
Composition: 0.20% C – 0.023% Nb – 1.04% V – 15 ppm N –
13 ppm 0

Composition: 0.16% C – 0.020% NB – 0.76% V – 40 ppm N-
41 ppm 0

Composition: 0.09% C – 0.016% Nb – 0.48% V – 40 ppm N –
69 ppm 0
Composition: 0.04% C – 0.02% Mn – 0.020% Nb – 0.56% V –
6 ppm N – 1 ppm 0
Austenitic Steel, 613
Composition: 0.069% C – 1.13% Mn – 0.34% Si – 25.16% Ni –
16.39% Cr – 0.86% Al – 4.30% Ti – 0.01% N
Fe-Nb-C Alloy Steels, 613 – 614
Composition: Fe – 0.07% C – 0.031% Nb
Composition: Fe – 0.09% C – 0.036% Nb – 0.003% B
Composition: Fe – 0.07% C – 1.07% Mn – 0.033% Nb
Composition: Fe – 0.07% C – 0.031% Nb
Fe-V-C Alloy Steel, 615
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.02% Mn – 0.02% Mo – 0.46% V –
0.002% N
Ti Bearing Steels, 615
Composition: 0.072% C – 1.50% Mn – 0.24% Si – 0.005% P –
0.010% S – 0.06% Ti – 0.01% Al – 0.0062% N
Composition: 0.068% C – 1.67% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.006% P –
0.010% S – 0.11% Ti – 0.03% Al – 0.0062% N
Composition: 0.076% C – 1.61% Mn – 0.30% Si – 0.006% P –
0.010% S – 0.18% Ti – 0.02% Al – 0.0084% N
Composition: 0.060% C – 1.43% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.006% P –
0.010% S – 0.26% Ti – 0.01% Al – 0.0070% N
3.25% Si Steel, 616
Composition: 0.061% C – 0.21% Mn – 3.44% Si – 0.010% P –
0.011% S
Composition: 0.030% C – 0.08% Mn – 3.30% Si – 0.006% P –
0.012% S
Nb Steels, 617
Composition: 0.06% C – 0.42% Mn – 0.014% Si – 0.002% P –
0.009% S – 0.006% Cu – 0.018% Nb – 0.061% Al – 0.004% N
Composition: 0.06% C – 0.42% Mn – 0.046% Si – 0.002% P –
0.009% S – 0.006% Cu – 0.036% Nb – 0.067% Al – 0.004% N
Nb HSLA Steels, 618
Composition: 0.067% C – 1.23% Mn – 0.20% Si – 0.040% Nb
– 0.02% Al – 0.006% (max) N
Composition: 0.066% C – 1.26% Mn – 0.18% Si – 0.046% Nb
– 0.08% Al – 0.006% (max) N
HSLA Steels, 619 – 621
Composition: 0.062% C – 1.71% Mn – 0.12% Si – 0.016% P –
0.011% S – 0.02% Mo – 0.074% Nb – 0.026% Al – 0.0060% N
Composition: 0.063% C – 1.71% Mn – 0.11% Si – 0.018% P –
0.011% S – 0.03% Mo – 0.084% Nb – 0.024% Al – 0.0068% N
Composition: 0.060% C – 1.74% Mn – 0.12% Si – 0.017% P –
0.011% S – 0.29% Mo – 0.076% Nb – 0.022% Al – 0.0061% N
Composition: 0.069% C – 1.70% Mn – 0.12% Si – 0.018% P –
0.011% S – 0.29% Mo – 0.080% Nb – 0.022% Al – 0.0062% N
Composition: 0.062% C – 1.76% Mn – 0.12% Si – 0.018% P –
0.011% S – 0.03% Mo – 0.076% Nb – 0.029% Al – 0.0102% N
O.l5C Steel, 622 – 623
Composition: 0.17% C – <0.1% Mn – 0.04% Si – <0.001% P –
0.004% S – <0.1% Ni – <0.01% Cr – <0.1% Mo – <0.017%
AI- <0.01% V
Composition: 0.14% C – <0.1% Mn – 0.14% Si – <0.001% P –
0.004% S – <0.1% Ni – <0.01% Cr – <0.1% Mo – 0.013% Al
– <0.01% V
Composition: 0.17% C – <0.1% Mn – 0.36% Si – <0.001% P –
0.006% S – <0.1% Ni – <0.01% Cr – <0.1% Mo – <0.006%
Al – 0.01% V

xxxvi

Composition: 0.16% C – <0.1% Mn – <0.1% Si – <0.001% P
– 0.005% S – 0.94% Ni – <0.01% Cr – <0.1% Mo – 0.007% Al
– <0.01% V
Composition: 0.17% C – <0.1% Mn – 0.04% Si – <0.001% P –
0.004% S – <0.1% Ni – <0.01% Cr – <0.1% Mo – <0.017%
Al – <0.01% V .
Composition: 0.14% C – <0.1% Mn – 0.14% Si – <0.001% P –
0.004% S – <0.1% Ni – <0.01% Cr – <0.1% Mo – 0.013% Al
– <0.01% V
Composition: 0.17% C – <0.1% Mn – 0.36% Si – <0.001% P –
0.006% S – <0.1% Ni – <0.01% Cr – <0.1% Mo – <0.005%
AI- 0.01% V
Composition: 0.16% C – <0.1% Mn – <0.1% Si – <0.001% P
– 0.005% S – 0.94% Ni – <0.01% Cr – <0.1% Mo – 0.007% Al
– <0.01% V
Composition: 0.17% C – <0.1% Mn – 0.04% Si – <0.001% P –
0.004% S – <0.1% Ni – <0.01% Cr – <0.1% Mo – <0.017%
AI- <0.01% V
Composition: 0.16% C – <0.1% Mn – <0.1% Si – <0.001% P
– 0.007% S – <0.1% Ni – <0.01% Cr – <0.1% Mo – 0.039%
AI- <0.01% V
Composition: 0.15% C – <0.1% Mn – <0.1% Si – <0.001% P
– 0.004% S – <0.1% Ni – <0.01% Cr – <0.1% Mo – 0.078%
AI- <0.01% V
Composition: 0.14% C – <0.1% Mn – <0.1% Si – <0.001% P
– 0.004% S – <0.1% Ni – <0.01% Cr – <0.1% Mo – 0.15% Al
– <0.01% V
Low Carbon Steels, 624 – 625
Composition: 0.05% C – 0.35% Mn – 0.008% Si – 0.013% P –
0.027% S – 0.03% Ni – 0.02% Cr – 0.03% Cu – 0.058% Al –
0.008% AI202 – 0.0058% acid soluble N
Composition: 0.05% C – 0.35% Mn – 0.008% Si – 0.013% P –
0.027% S – 0.03% Ni – 0.02% Cr – 0.03% Cu – 0.058% Al –
0.008% AI202 – 0.0058% acid soluble N
Composition: 0.055% C – 0.33% Mn – 0.006% Si – 0.010% P –
0.022% S – 0.020% Al – 0.0088 acid soluble N
Composition: 0.043% C – 0.35% Mn – 0.004% Si – 0.010% P –
0.023% S – 0.079% Al – 0.0072% acid soluble N
Fe-0.07% N Steel, 625
Fe-1.9% N Steel, 625
Fe-2.35% N Steel, 626
3Mn 5B Steel, 626
Composition: 0.089% C – 2.86% Mn – 0.21% Si – 0.014% Al –
0.00018% N – 0.0005% B
3Mn 20B Steel, 627
Composition: 0.061% C – 3.02% Mn – 0.23% Si – 0.008% Al –
0.0009% N – 0.0020% B
HT-50 Steel, 627
Composition: 0.08% C – 1.4% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.008% P –
0.002% S – 0.04% Al – 0.008% Ti – 0.0030% N – 0.0014% B
Fe-C Alloys, 628 – 629
Composition: 0.05% C – 1.5% AI – 0.0019% N
Composition: 0.02% C – 0.003% Al – 0.0034% N
Composition: 0.02% C – 0.37% Mn – 0.0186% N
Composition: 0.02% C – 1.0% Ni – 0.015% Al – 0.0010% N
Low Carbon Steel, 629
Composition: 0.046% C – 0.35% Mn – 0.020% P – 0.018% S –
0.03% sol. AI, 0.010% insol Al – 0.006% N
Ferritic Steel, 630
Composition: 0.12% C – 0.5% V
Composition: 0.12% C – 1.3% Mo
2-1/4 Cr – 1% Mo Steel, 631 – 632
Composition: 0.15% C – 0.50% Mn – 0.18% Si – 0.018% P –
0.012% S – 0.165% Ni – 2.12% Cr – 0.94% Mo – 0.077% Cu –
0.009% Sn
12% Cr Martensitic Steels, 632
Composition: 0.21% C – 13.2% Cr – 0.024% N
Composition: 0.18% C – 0.58% Mn – 0.31% Si – 0.18% Ni –

11.7% Cr – 0.49% Mo – 0.01% Al – 0.38% V – 0.20% Nb-
0.033% N

Ferritic Stainless Steels, 633
Composition: (A4) 0.06% C – 0.81% Mn – 0.59% Si – 0.026%
P – 0.008% S – 0.05% Ni – 24.60% Cr
Composition: (A6) 0.06% C – 0.86% Mn – 0.65% Si – 0.024%
P – 0.008% S – 0.08% Ni – 81.00% Cr
Composition: (A7) 0.08% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.80% Si – 0.05%
Ni – 83.03% Cr
25Cr-3Mo-4Ni Ferritic Stainless Steel, 633
Composition: 0.014% C – 0.29% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.019% P –
0.011% S – 8.90% Ni – 24.53% Cr – 3.54% Mo – 0.32% Al –
0.17% Nb
Composition: 0.013% C – 0.29% Mn – 0.27% Si – 0.012% P –
0.009% S – 4.66% Ni – 24.41 % Cr – 3.50% Mo – 0.012% Al –
0.32% Nb – 0.08% Ti
Austenitic Cr-Mn-C-N Stainless Steel, 634
Composition: 0.43% C – 13.54% Mn – 0.25% Si – 0.008% P –
0.019% S – 0.17% Ni – 23.23% Cr – 0.46% N
Esshete 1250 Austenitic Steel, 635
Composition: 0.10% C – 6.0% Mn – 0.5% Si – 9.6% Ni –
15.25% Cr – 1.02% Mo – 0.8% V – 1.1% Nb – 0.0066% B
304 Stainless Steel, 635
Composition: 0.05% C – -9.0% Ni – -18.0% Cr
Composition: 0.038% C – -9.0% Ni – -18.0% Cr
Stainless Steels, 636 – 638
304 – Composition: 0.06% C – 0.52% Mn – 0.53% Si – 0.018%
P – 0.014% S – 9.14% Ni – 19.17% Cr
347 – Composition: 0.05% C -1.56% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.018%
P – 0.016% S – 10.30% Ni – 17.86% Cr
816 – Composition: 0.04% C – 1.54% Mn – 0.58% Si – 0.024%
P – 0.015% S – 11.96% Ni – 17.27% Cr – 2.47% Mo
309 – Composition: 0.13% C – 1.54% Mn – 0.39% Si – 0.024%
P – 0.015% S – 18.40% Ni – 23.21% Cr
810 – Composition: 0.05% C – 1.95% Mn – 0.37% Si – 0.023%
P – 0.007% S – 21.09% Ni – 27.23% Cr
446 – Composition: 0.14% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.64% Si – 0.021%
P – 0.030% S – 0.30% Ni – 25.51% Cr
Laboratory Experimental Heat. – Composition: 0.04% C –
0.38% Mn – 0.54% Si – 0.024% P – 0.015% S – 0.08% Ni –
27.78% Cr
Austenitic Stainless Steels, 639
304 – Composition: 0.05% C – 1.73% Mn – 0.60% Si – 0.028%
P – 0.012% S – 9.0% Ni – 18.7% Cr – 0.026% N
316 – Composition: 0.05% C – 1.81% Mn – 0.63% Si – 0.029%
P – 0.010% S – 11.9% Ni – 16.6% Cr – 2.3% Mo – 0.024% N
321 – Composition: 0.05% C – 1.76% Mn – 0.59% Si – 0.024%
P – 0.008% S – 10.5% Ni – 17.6% Cr – 0.35% Ti – 0.011% N
347 – Composition: 0.05% C – 1.64% Mn – 0.59% Si – 0.019%
P – 0.014% S – 10.4% Ni – 17.6% Cr – 0.025% N – 0.87% Nb
Tempaloy A-I – Composition: 0.07% C – 1.71% Mn – 0.66%
Si – 0.028% P – 0.005% S – 9.8% Ni – 18.0% Or – 0.06% Ti –
0.033% N – 0.13% Nb
316 Stainless Steel, 640
316L Stainless Steel, 640 – 641
Composition: 0.033% C – 1.55% Mn – 0.44% Si – 0.022% P –
0.022% S – 13.6% Ni – 16.4% Cr – 2.12% Mo – 0.025% N –
0.0012% B – 0.18% Co – 0.07% Cu
Composition: 0.021% C – 1.74% Mn – 0.41% Si – 0.030% P –
0.007% S – 12.3% Ni – 17.2% Cr – 2.40% Mo – 0.080% N –
0.0032% B – 0.21% Co – 0.15% Cu
Composition: 0.023% C – 1.74% Mn – 0.73% Si – 13.1% Ni –
17.3% Cr – 2.66% Mo
316 Stainless Steel, 642
Composition: 0.066% C – 1.57% Mn – 0.21% Si – 12.8% Ni –
17.4%. Cr – 2.05% Mo
Composition: 0.05% C – 1.68% Mn – 0.44% Si – 0.023% P –
0.012% S – 11.85% Ni – 16.81% Cr – 2.21% Mo – 0.16% Cu –
0.030% Al – 0.007% Sn – 0.002% Pb – 0.002% B

xxxvii

316 Austenitic Stainless Steel, 642
Composition: 0.06% C – 1.72% Mn – 0.40% Si – 0.012% P –
0.007% S – 13.30% Ni – 17.30% Cr – 2.33% Mo – 0.003% Ti
Titanium Modified 316 Stainless Steel, 643
Composition: 0.067% C – 1.41% Mn – 0.03% Si – 0.006% P –
0.004% S – 13.96% Ni – 17.62% Cr – 2.61% Mo – 0.29% Ti –
0.004% N
321 Stainless Steel, 643
Composition: 0.06% C – 1.69% Mn – 0.64% Si – 0.012% P –
0.006% S – 9.68% Ni – 17.48% Cr – 0.60% Ti – 0.011% N
Stainless Steel, 644
Composition: 0.088% C – 1.06% Mn – 0.42% Si – 8.0% Ni –
24.86% Cr – 0.0116% N
308 Stainless Steel, 644
Composition: 0.068% C – 1.61% Mn – 0.49% Si – 0.018% P –
0.012% S – 10.28% Ni – 20.89% Cr – 0.06% Mo – 0.06% V –
<0.01% Ti – <0.001% B – 0.10% Cu – 0.039% N2
308CRE Stainless Steel, 644
Composition: 0.043% C – 1.96% Mn – 0.62% Si – 0.011% P –
0.016% S – 9.98% Ni – 19.96% Cr – <0.01% Mo – 0.04% V –
0.67% Ti – 0.002% B – 0.03% Cu – 0.011% N2
Austenitic Stainless Steel, 645
Composition: 0.142% C – 1.20% Mn – 0.66% Si – 19.08% Ni –
22.46% Cr
X 5 CrNiMo 17 13 Steel, 645 – 646
Composition: 0.042% C – 1.60% Mn – 0.46% Si – 14.34% Ni –
17.76% Cr – 4.72% Mo – 0.026% N
Composition: 0.048% C – 0.80% Mn – 0.64% Si – 0.017% P –
0.011% S – 13.66% Ni – 16.80% Cr – 4.80% Mo – 0.039% N
Composition: 0.060% C – 0.67% Mn – 0.49% Si – 0.016% P –
0.011% S – 13.46% – 17.06% Cr – 4.73% Mo – 0.146% N
Austenitic Steel, 647
Composition: 0.046% C – 1.14% Mn – 0.36% Si – 26.6% Ni –
16.6% Cr – 4.10% Ti – 0.009% N
310 Stainless Steel, 647 – 648
Composition: 0.11% C – 1.76% Mn – 0.70% Si – 0.02% P –
0.011% S – 19.76% Ni – 24.66% Cr – 0.31% Mo – 0.061% Al –
0.12% Cu – 0.0016% B – 0.006% Pb – 0.004% Sn
Cast 25.7%Cr-22.8%Ni Austenitic Stainless
Steel, 648
Composition: 0.24% C – 1.72% Mn – 2.13% Si – 0.008% P –
0.010% S – 22.8% Ni – 26.7% Cr – 0.016% N
316 Stainless Steel, 649
Wrought 316 Stainless Steel and 19-12-3 Weld
Metal, 649
Wrought 316 Steel Composition: 0.04-0.10% C – <2.00% Mn
– <1.00% Si – <0.046% P – <0.030% S – 10.6-14.0% Ni –
16.0-18.6% Cr – 2.00-3.00% Mo
19-12-3 Weld Metal Composition: <0.08% C – 0.50-2.60%
Mn – <1.00% Si – <0.040% P – <0.036% S – 10.0-14.0 Ni –
17.0-20.0 % Cr – 2.6-3.6% Mo
Duplex Stainless Steel, 650
Composition: 0.028% C – 1.63% Mn – 0.46% Si – 0.031% P –
0.012% S – 6.00% Ni – 21.8% Cr – 3.12% Mo – 0.113% N –
0.06% Cu
Uranus 50 Duplex Stainless Steel, 650
Composition: 0.032% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.46% Si – 0.022% P –
0.021% S – 7.38% Ni – 21.08% Cr – 2.39% Mo – 1.33% Cu –
0.003% B – 0.071% N – <0.01% Ti (33% ferrite)
Duplex Stainless Steel, 651

Composition: 0.03% C – 0.7% Mn – 0.6% Si – 6.0% Ni-
26.0% Cr – 1.3% Mo

Composition: 0.02% C – 0.94% Mn – 0.48% Si – 0.02% P –
0.009% S – 6.64% Ni – 26.3% Cr – 2.96% Mo – 0.49% Cu –
0.11% N – 0.32% W

TIME-TEMPERATURE EMBRITTLEMENT,
653 – 700
SAE 1050 Steel, 655
Composition: 0.46% C – 0.75% Mn – 0.02% P – 0.034% S –
0.03% Ni – 0.12% Cr
C-Mn Steel, 655
Composition: 0.26% C – 1.63% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.021% P –
0.034% S
C-Mn-B Steel, 656
Composition: 0.26% C – 1.67% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.021% P –
0.032% S – 0.0034% B
SAE 5140 Steel, 657
Composition: 0.46% C 0.77% Mn – 0.36% Si – 0.016% P –
0.013% S – 0.72% Cr
SAE 4047 Steel, 657
Composition: 0.48% C – 0.83% Mn – 0.28% Si – 0.019% P –
0.016% S – 0.14% Ni – 0.13% Cr – 0.26% Mo
SAE 3140 Steel, 658 – 659
2.25Cr-IMo Steel, 660
Composition: 0.07% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.020% P –
0.023% S – <0.1% Ni – 2.1% Cr – 1.0% Mo
Ni-Cr Steel, 660
Composition: 0.26% C – 0.66% Mn – 0.07% Si – 0.026% P –
0.020% S – 3.63% Ni – 0.84% Cr
Alloy Steel, 66i – 663
Composition: 0.33% C – 0.23% Mn – 0.06% Si – 0.013% P –
0.021% S – 3.78% Ni – 1.79% Cr
Composition: 0.44% C – 1.64% Mn – 0.06% Si – 0.029% P –
0.022% S – 1.84% Ni – 1.64% Cr – 0.40% Mo – 0.16% V
Fe-30Cr (Alloy 90) Steel, 664
Ferritic Stainless Steels, 664 – 665
Composition: 0.002% C – <0.01% Mn – <0.01% Si – 0.001%
P – 17.36% Cr – 0.01% Mo – 0.003% N
Composition: 0.004% C – <0.01% Mn – <0.01% Si – 0.001%
P – 17.61% Cr – 2.02% Mo – 0.004% N
Composition: 0.003% C – <0.01% Mn – <0.01% Si – 13.68%
Cr – 0.08% Mo – 0.004% N
Composition: 0.002% C – <0.01% Mn – <0.01% Si – 13.60%
Cr – 1.88% Mo – 0.004% N
Composition: 0.044% C – 0.64% Mn – 0.31% Si – 18.04% Cr –
0.01% Mo – 0.091% N
Composition: 0.043% C – 0.64% Mn – 0.31% Si – 18.03% Cr –
1.94% Mo – 0.092% N
Composition: 0.044% C – 0.64% Mn – 0.31% Si – 17.94% Cr –
1.93% Mo – 0.062% N – 0.42% Ti
Ti-stabilized Steel – Composition: 0.013% C – 0.46% Mn –
0.27% Si – 0.020% P – 0.011% S – 17.4% Cr – 2.02% Mo –
0.0148% N – 0.24% Ti
Nb-stabilized Steel – Composition: 0.013% C – 0.49% Mn –
0.27% Si – 0.019% P – 0.013% S – 17.4% Cr – 2.00% Mo –
0.0096% N – 0.35% Nb
Duplex Stainless Steels, 666
6Mo Composition: 0.026% C – 0.26% Mn – 0.10% Si – 0.012%
P – 0.016% S – 7.38% Ni – 24.49% Cr – 4.99% Mo – 0.36% N
6Mo Composition: 0.018% C – 0.28% Mn – 0.14% Si – 0.011%
P – 0.012% S – 9.18% Ni – 23.82% Cr – 6.98% Mo – 0.20% N
ELI Ferritic Stainless Steel, 666
Composition: 0.074% C – 0.12% Si – 0.013% P – 0.002% S –
3.93% Ni – 24.8% Cr – 4.06% Mo – 0.0117% N – 0.61% Nb
Ferritic Cr-Mo-Ni Stainless Steels, 667
29Cr-4Mo Ferritic Stainless Steel, 668
29-4 Ferritic Stainless Steel, 668
Composition: 0.004% C – 0.1% Mn – 0.1% Si – 0.01% P –
0.016% S – 0.1% Ni – 29.0% Cr – 4.0% Mo – 0.012% N

xxxviii

29%Cr-4Mo-2Ni Ferritic Stainless Steel, 669
Composition: 0.0040% C – 0.04% Mn – 0.02% Si – 0.007% P –
0.012% S – 2.17% Ni – 29.5% Cr – 4.0% Mo – 0.0146% N –
0.06% Al – 0.0011% 0
Uranus 50 Duplex Stainless Steel, 669
Composition: 0.032% C – 0.62% Mn – 0.45% Si – 0.022% P –
0.021% S – 7.38% Ni – 21.08% Cr – 2.39% Mo – 1.33% Cu –
0.071% N – 0.003% B – <0.01% Ti (33% ferrite)
AL-6X Austenitic Stainless Steel, 669
Composition: 0.02% C – 1.5% Mn – 0.4% Si – 0.02% P –
0.002% S – 24.5% Ni – 20.5% Cr – 6.3% Mo
12% Cr Ferritic Stainless Steel, 670 – 671
Composition: 0.009% C – 12.77% Cr – 0.002% N – 0.15% Ti
Composition: 0.006% C – 12.66% Cr – 0.018% Ni – 0.40% Ti
Composition: 0.002% C – 13.20% Cr – 0.011% N – 0.42% Ti
Fe-26Cr Ferritic Stainless Steel, 672
Composition: 0.0023% C – 0.01% Mn – 0.106% Si – 0.018% P
– 0.015% S – 0.072% Ni – 25.5% Cr – 0.01% Mo – 0.0083% N
18Cr-2Mo-Ti Stabilized Fcrritic Stainless Steel,
672 – 673
Composition: 0.023% C – 0.33% Mn – 0.16% Si – 0.019% P –
0.012% S – 0.33% Ni – 17.15% Cr – 2.23% Mo – 0.04% Cu –
0.05% Co – 0.61% Ti
Austenitic Stainless Steels, 673 – 676
Composition: 0.069% C – 9.4% Ni – 18.6% Cr – 0.002% N
Composition: 0.045% C – 9.51% Ni – 17.22% Cr – 0.003% N
Composition: 0.028% C – 9.2% Ni – 18.5% Cr – 0.010% N
Composition: 0.013% C – 9.5% Ni – 18.5% Cr – 0.010% N
Composition: 0.067% C – 8.76% Ni – 17.67% Cr – 2.0% Mo –
0.035% N
Composition: 0.067% C – 8.80% Ni – 17.65% Cr – 2.03% Mo –
0.096% N
Composition: 0.013% C – 8.49% Ni – 17.30% Cr – 0.037% N
Composition: 0.015% C – 8.77% Ni – 17.96% Cr – 0.097% N
Composition: 0.069% C – 9.4% Ni – 18.6% Cr – 0.002% N
Composition: 0.077% C – 11.6% Ni – 18.08% Cr – 2.0% Mo –
0.097% N
Composition: 0.064% C – 8.53% Ni – 17.38% Cr – 0.124% N
Composition: 0.067% C – 8.80% Ni – 17.65% Cr – 2.03% Mo –
0.096% N
Composition: 0.068% C – 1.89% Mn – 8.67% Ni – 17.72% Cr
– 0.091% N
Composition: 0.028% C – 1.64% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.03% P –
9.78% Ni – 16.29% Cr – 2.53% Mo – 0.078% N
Composition: 0.034% C – 1.51% Mn – 0.64% sr- 0.04% P –
8.83% Ni – 18.02% Cr – 0.002% N
Composition: 0.029% C – 1.54% Mn – 0.52% Si – 0.03% P –
11.88% Ni – 18.13% Cr – 0.13% N
Composition: 0.030% C – 1.6% Mn – 0.38% Si – 0.03% P –
7.88% Ni – 18.58% Cr – 0.108% N
Composition: 0.038% C – 1.59% Mn – 0.49% Si – 0.03% P –
9.52% Ni – 20.22% Cr – 0.083% N
Austenitic Steel, 677 – 678
Composition: 0.030% C – 14.37% Ni – 17.78% Cr – 2.04% Mo
– 0.024% N
Composition: 0.025% C – 9.0% Ni – 18.0% Cr
Composition: 0.028% C – 21.65% Ni – 25.29% Cr – 0.041% N
Composition: 0.026% C – 14.97% Ni – 18.02% Cr – 0.027% N
Composition: 11% Ni – 18.5% Cr
304 Stainless Steel, 678
18%Cr-15%Ni Stainless Steel, 678
347 Stainless Steel, 679 – 680
Composition: 0.07% C – 0.38% Si – 1.50% Mn – 0.031% P –
0.008% S – 11.75% Ni – 18.41% Cr – 0.81% Cb – 0.050% N2
Composition: 0.08% 0 – 1.28% Mn – 0.41% Si – 0.020% P –
0.022% S – 10.72% Ni – 18.30% Cr – 0.77% Cb – 0.030% N2
304L Stainless Steel, 681
Composition: 0.022% C – 1.04% Mn – 0.34% Si – 0.021% P –
0.018% S – 9.39% Ni – 19.31% Cr – 0.053% N2

316L Stainless Steel, 681
Composition: 0.023% C – 1.40% Mn – 0.32% Si – 0.018% P –
0.013% S – 12.62% Ni – 18.42% Cr – 3.00% Mo – 0.020% N2
304L Stainless Steel, 682
Composition: 0.020% C – 1.40% Mn – 0.41% Si – 0.032% P –
0.013% S – 10.30% Ni – 18.10% Cr – 0.32% Mo – 0.24% Cu –
0.039% N
304 Stainless Steel, 682 – 685
Composition: 0.038% C – 1.60% Mn – 0.45% Si – 0.021% P –
0.019% S – 9.2% Ni – 18.4% Cr – <0.03% Ti – <0.03%
Cb+Ta – 0.027% AI+Ta
18%Cr-8%Ni Austenitic Stainless Steel, 685
304 Stainless Steel, 686 – 687
Composition: 0.069% C – 0.01% Si – 0.003% P – 0.009% S –
9.4% Ni – 18.6% Cr – 0.002% N
Composition: 0.063% C – 0.01% Si — 0.003% P – 0.009% S –
9.4% Ni – 18.6% Cr – 0.002% N
Composition: 0.063% C – 0.01% Si – 0.060% P – 0.003% S –
9.4% Ni – 17.6% Cr – 0.001% N
Composition: 0.068% C – 0.01% Si – 0.003% P – 0.033% S –
9.6% Ni – 18.6% Cr – 0.002% N
Composition: 0.022% C – 0.01% Si – 0.004% P – 0.006% S –
9.2% Ni – 18.5% Cr – 0.01% N
Composition: 0.022% C – 0.01% Si – 0.060% P – 0.006% S –
9.2% Ni – 18.2% Cr – 0.01% N
Composition: 0.005% C – 0.030% S – 9.5% Ni – 18.5% Cr
Composition: 0.078% C – 1.12% Mn – 0.41% Si – 0.025% P –
0.027% S – 8.49% Ni – 18.1% Cr – 0.21% Cu
316 Stainless Steel, 687
Composition: 0.057% C – 0.54% Si – 1.67% Mn – 0.035% P –
0.025% S – 12.77% Ni – 17.14% Cr – 2.21% Mo – 0.31% Cu
20% Cr and 12 to 46% Ni Stainless Steels, 688
316 Stainless Steel, 689
Composition: 0.057% C – 1.65% Mn – <0.07% Si – <0.025%
P – 0.007% S – 12.44% Ni – 16.62% Cr – 2.32% Mo – 0.135%
Cu – <0.01% Ti – <0.01% Nb
Austenitic 308 Stainless Steel, 689
Composition: 0.040% C – 1.76% Mn – 0.41% Si – 0.016% P –
0.008% S – 9.82% Ni – 20.95% Cr
Duplex 308 Stainless Steel, 689 – 690
Composition: 0.040% C – 1.76% Mn – 0.41% Si – 0.016% P –
0.008% S – 9.82% Ni – 20.95% Cr
AISI 321 Stainless Steel, 690 – 692
Composition: 0.09% C – 1.17% Mn – 0.37% Si – 13.4% Ni –
18.1% Cr – 0.51% Ti – 0.017% N
Rolled Stainless Steel and 18Cr-l0Ni Weld
Metal, 692 – 693
Composition: 0.039% C – 0.69% Mn – 0.72% Si – 10.57% Ni –
18.63% Cr – <0.01% Mo, Ferrite content = 0.5%
Composition: 0.023% C – 0.70% Mn – 0.74% Si – 10.62% Ni –
19.09% Cr – <001% Mo, Ferrite content 1.1%
Composition: 0.016% C – 0.72% Mn – 0.80% Si – 11.09% Ni –
19.28% Or – <0.01% Mo, Ferrite content = 0.7%
Rolled Stainless Steel and 18Cr-12Ni-2.8Mo
Weld Metal, 693
Composition: 0.025% C – 0.69% Mn – 0.72% Si – 12.84% Ni –
18.44% Cr – 2.75% Mo, Ferrite content 0.3%
Rolled Stainless Steel and 18Cr-lONi Weld
Metal, 694
Rolled Stainless Steel and 18Cr-12Ni-2 to 3Mo
Weld Metal, 694
Austenitic Cr-Ni-Mo Steel X 5 CrNiMo 17 13,
694
Composition: 0.042% C – 1.50% Mn – 0.45% Si – 14.34% Ni –
17.76% Cr – 4.72% Mo – 0.025% N

xxxix

Alloy 800, 695 – 699
Composition: 0.019% C – 1.21% Mn – 0.49% Si – 83.5% Ni –
20.6% Cr – 0.01% Cu – 0.51% AI – 0.46% Ti – 0.027% N
Composition: 0.029% C – 0.63% Mn – 0.48% Si – 0.007% P –
0.011% S – 88.40% Ni – 21.30% Cr – 0.07% Cu – 0.41% Ti –
0.18% AI – 158 ppm N
Composition: 0.028% C – 0.56% Mn – 0.46% Si – 0.008% P –
0.004% S – 83.20% Ni – 21.50% Cr – 0.07% Cu – 0.50% Ti –
0.05% AI – 150 ppm N
Composition: 0.080% C – 0.60% Mn – 0.89% Si – 0.008% P –
0.005% S – 88.80% Ni – 21.75% Cr – 0.07% Cu – 0.55% Ti –
0.19% AI – 154 ppm N
Composition: 0.029% C – 0.59% Mn – 0.45% Si – 0.008% P –
0.012% S – 88.25% Ni – 21.75% Cr – 0.07% Cu – 0.50% Ti –
0.28% AI – 150 ppm N
Composition: 0.080% C – 0.61% Mn – 0.49% Si – 0.007% P –
0.005% S – 88.25% Ni – 21.85% Cr – 0.07% Cu – 0.20% Ti –
0.20% AI – 150 ppm N
Composition: 0.029% C – 0.61% Mn – 0.47% Si – 0.007% P –
0.005% S – 88.45% Ni – 21.40% Cr – 0.06% Cu – 0.31% Ti –
0.19% AI – 151 ppm N
Carpenter 20Cb-3 Stainless Steel Strip, 699-
700
Composition: 0.036% C – 0.23% Mn – 0.88% Si – 0.020% P –
0.004% S – 83.70% Ni – 19.76% Cr – 2.25% Mo – 8.14% Cu –
0.79% Cb
Duplex Stainless Steels, 700
Composition: 0.030% C – 1.29% Mn – 0.78% Si – 0.022% P –
0.014% S – 5.14% Ni – 24.75% Cr – 1.80% Mo – 0.071% N
Composition: 0.020% C – 1.19% Mn – 0.81% Si – 0.027% P –
0.009% S – 5.52% Ni – 21.90% Cr – 2.97% Mo – 0.151% N
IRONS, 701 – 766
Gray Cast Irons, 703 – 704
Composition: 8.68% C -2.92% GC” – 0.71% CC” – 0.53%
Mn – 1.75% Si – 0.56% P – 0.10% S
Composition: 8.68% C – 2.56% GC” 1.12% CC” – 0.87%
Mn – 1.20% Si – 0.28% P – 0.11% S – 2.03% Ni
Composition: Fe – 1.17% C – 0.75% Mn – 2.0% Si – 0.30%
Mo – 0.60% Cu
Malleable Irons, 704 – 705
Composition: Fe – 2.60% C – 0.42% Mn – 1.43% Si –
0.017% Mo – 0.002% B
Composition: Fe – 2.58% C – 0.42% Mn – 1.37% Si – 0.15%
Mo – 0.001% B
Composition: Fe – 2.58% C – 0.40% Mn – 1.44% Si – 0.32%
Mo – 0.001% B
Composition: Fe – 2.57% C – 0.48% Mn – 1.44% Si – 0.27%
P – 0.11% S – 0.05% Cr – 0.008% AI – 0.0028% B
White Irons, 706
Composition: 2.75% C – 0.13% Mn – 1.21% Si – 0.008% S
Composition: 2.71% C – 0.44% Mn – 1.22% Si – 0.007% S
Composition: 2.70% C – 0.72% Mn – 1.24% Si – 0.007% S
Composition: 2.73% C – 0.03% Mn – 1.25% Si – 0.015% S
Composition: 2.73% C – 0.02% Mn – 1.23% Si – 0.064% S
Composition: 2.83% C – 0.08% Mn – 1.23% Si – 0.123% S
Composition: 2.71% C – 0.02% Mn – 1.20% Si – 0.275% S
White Cast Irons, 707 – 753
Composition: 2.93% C – 0.78% Mn – 0.60% Si – 17.4% Cr –
0.04% Mo
Composition: 2.90% C – 0.75% Mn – 0.56% Si – 17.6% Cr –
0.48% Mo
Composition: 2.93% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.59% Si – 17.5%
Cr-1.59% Mo
Composition: 2.91% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.59% Si – 17.5%
Cr-2.89% Mo
Composition: 2.89% C – 1.56% Mn – 0.60% Si – 17.4% Cr –
1.49% Mo

xl
Composition: 2.89% C – 3.08% Mn – 0.61% Si – 17.0% Cr –
1.49% Mo
Composition: 2.94% C – 0.78% Mn – 0.58% Si – 1.16% Ni –
17.6% Cr – 0.54% Mo
Composition: 2.93% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.56% Si – 2.07% Ni –
17.5% Cr – 0.45% Mo
Composition: 2.90% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.55% Si – 0.61% Ni –
17.4% Cr – 1.43% Mo
Composition: 2.93% C – 0.76% Mn – 0.55% Si – 1.10% Ni –
17.4% Cr – 2.43% Mo
Composition: 2.91% C – 0.77% Mn – 0.58% Si – 17.4% Cr –
0.56% Mo – 1.02% Cu

Composition: 2.93% C – 0.77% Mn – 0.55% Si – 17.5% Cr-
0.56% Mo – 1.95% Cu

Composition: 2.96% C – 0.79% Mn – 0.52% Si – 17.5% Cr –
1.55% Mo – 0.98% Cu

Composition: 2.88% C – 0.78% Mn – 0.60% Si – 16.9% Cr-
1.52% Mo – 1.74% Cu

Composition: 2.96% C – 0.79% Mn – 0.93% Si – 17.5% Cr –
1.55% Mo – 0.98% Cu
Composition: Fe – 2.19% C – 11.65% Cr – 0.02% Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.13% C – 11.30% Cr – 1.41% Mo
Composition: Fe – 1.95% C – 10.8% Cr – 3.80% Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.65% C – 12.65% Cr – 0.02% Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.55% C – 12.40% Cr – 1.25% Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.41% C – 12.15% Cr – 2,45% Mo
Composition: Fe – 3.51% C – 12.20% Cr – 0.02% Mo
Composition: Fe – 3.39% C – 11.95% Cr – 1.36% Mo
Composition: Fe – 3.25% C – 11.80% Cr – 2.60% Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.08% C – 15.85% Cr – trace level Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.05% C – 15.60% Cr – 0.81% Mo
Composition: Fe – 1.96% C – 15.40% Cr – 2.20% Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.67% C – 14.95% Cr – trace level Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.67% C – 15.20% Cr – 1.09% Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.60% C – 15.20% Cr – 1.95% Mo
Composition: Fe – 8.58% C – 14.45% Cr – trace level Mo
Composition: Fe – 8.58% C – 14.65% Cr – 0.52% Mo
Composition: Fe – 3.56% C – 14.60% Cr – 1.47% Mo
Composition: Fe – 4.10% C – 15.10% Cr – trace level Mo
Composition: Fe – 3.96% C – 14.80% Cr – 1.45% Mo
Composition: Fe – 3.81% C – 14.75% Cr – 2.50% Mo
Composition: Fe – 4.18% C – 18.22% Cr – 0.05% Mo
Composition: Fe – 4.08% C – 18.00% Cr – 1.14% Mo
Composition: Fe – 3.96% C – 17.55% Cr – 2.53% Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.08% C – 20.55% Cr – <0.01% Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.04% C – 20.55% Cr – 0.61% Mo
Composition: Fe – 1.98% C – 20.25% Cr – 2.14% Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.67% C – 20.75% Cr – <0.01% Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.54% C – 20.22% Cr – 1.52% Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.45% C – 19.82% Cr – 2.94% Mo
Composition: Fe – 8.62% C – 20.35% Cr – <0.01% Mo
Composition: Fe – 8.51% C – 20.10% Cr – 1.37% Mo
Composition: Fe – 3.40% C – 19.85% Cr – 8.40% Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.95% C – 25.82% Cr – 0.02% Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.87% C – 25.50% Cr – 1.22% Mo
Composition: Fe – 2.72% C – 25.15% Cr – 2.52% Mo
Composition: Fe – 8.70% C – 25.82% Cr – 0.02% Mo
Composition: Fe – 8.66% C – 24.95% Cr – 1.53% Mo
Composition: Fe – 8.52% C – 24.65% Cr – 2.67% Mo
Composition: Fe – 4.81% C – 24.80% Cr – 0.02% Mo
Composition: Fe – 4.10% C – 23.67% Cr – 1.32% Mo
Composition: Fe – 8.94% C – 28.45% Cr – 2.94% MoDuctile Irons. 754 – 766
Ni-Mo alloyed ductile iron
Composition: Fe – 8.87% C – 2.62% Si – 0.81% Mn
Composition: Fe – 8.88% C – 0.82% Mn – 2.69% Si – 0.25%
Mo
Composition: Fe – 8.82% C – 0.81% Mn – 2.58% Si – 0.49%
Mo
Composition: Fe – 8.87% C – 0.81% Mn – 2.62% Si –
0.022% P-0.009% S
Composition: Fe – 8.84% C – 0.82% Mn – 2.65% Si –
0.022% P – 0.008% S – 0.20% Mo
Composition: Fe – 8.88% C – 0.82% Mn – 2.69% Si –
0.022% P – 0.008% S – 0.25%
Composition: Fe – 8.82% C – 0.81% Mn – 2.58% Si –
0.024% P – 0.008% S – 0.49% Mo
Composition: Fe – 8.88% C – 0.81% Mn – 2.57% Si –
0.024% P – 0.008% S – 0.75% Mo
Composition: Fe – 8.47% C – 0.88% Mn – 2.47% Si –
0.022% P – 0.011% S – 0.05% Ni – 0.50% Mo – 0.044% Mg
Composition: Fe – 8.89% C – 0.82% Mn – 2.45% Si –
0.028% P – 0.011% S – 0.61% Ni – 0.50% Mo – 0.041% Mg
Composition: Fe – 8.86% C – 0.82% Mn – 2.46% Si –
0.028% P – 0.011% S – 1.17% Ni – 0.49% Mo – 0.044% Mg
Composition: Fe – 8.88% C – 0.82% Mn – 2.40% Si –
0.024% P – 0.008% S – 2.87% Ni – 0.50% Mo – 0.088% Mg
Composition: Fe – 8.24% C – 0.81% Mn – 2.86% Si –
0.024% P – 0.008% S – 4.82% Ni – 0.49% Mo – 0.084% Mg
Composition: Fe – 8.47% C – 0.88% Mn – 2.47% Si – 0.05%
Ni – 0.50% Mo
Composition: Fe -8.89% C – 0.82% Mn – 2.45% Si – 0.61%
Ni – 0.50% Mo

xli
Composition: Fe – 8.62% C – 0.82% Mn – 2.46% Si-1.17%
Ni – 0.49% Mo
Composition: Fe – 8.59% C – 0.29% Mn – 2.71% Si –
0.024% P – 0.007% S – 0.04% Cr-0.08% Ni – 0.02% Mo –
0.024% Mg
Composition: Fe – 8.60% C – 0.87% Mn-8.68% Si – 0.022%
P – 0.007% S – 0.04% Cr – 0.08% Ni – 0.08% Mo – 0.027%
Mg
Composition: Fe – 8.61% C – 0.20% Mn – 2.88% Si –
0.022% P – 0.009% S – 0.04% Cr – 0.04% Ni – 0.02% Mo –
0.025% Mg
Composition: Fe – 8.54% C – 0.81% Mn-8.45% Si – 0.024%
P – 0.005% S – 0.04% Cr – 0.04% Ni – 0.02% Mo – 0.028%
Mg
Composition: Fe – 8.87% C – 0.44% Mn – 2.82% Si –
0.040% P – 0.011% S – 0.02% Cr – 0.01% Mo – 0.094% Mg
Composition: Fe – 8.79% C – 0.42% Mn – 2.75% Si –
0.089% P – 0.010% S – 0.02% Cr – 0.04% Mo – 0.050% Mg
Composition: Fe – 8.86% C – 0.48% Mn – 2.31% Si –
0.089% P – 0.012% S – 0.02% Cr – 0.37% Mo – 0.042% Mg
Composition: Fe – 8.77% C – 0.42% Mn – 2.74% Si –
0.088% P – 0.011% S – 0.02% Cr – 0.48% Mo – 0.047% Mg
Composition: Fe – 8.60% C – 0.88% Mn – 2.61% Si –
0.005% S – 0.02% Cr – 0.01% Mo – 0.01% Cu – 0.025% AI –
0.041% Mg – 0.0027% B
Composition: Fe – 8.62% C – 0.87% Mn – 2.70% Si –
0.005% S – 0.02% Cr – 0.08% Mo – 0.08% Cu – 0.021% AI –
0.048% Mg – 0.0023% B
Composition: Fe – 8.61% C – 0.35% Mn – 2.75% Si –
0.008% S – 0.07% Cr – 0.24% Mo – 0.07% Cu – 0.020% AI –
0.040% Mg – 0.0024% B
Composition: Fe – 8.58% C – 0.82% Mn – 2.69% Si –
0.004% S – 0.02% Cr – 0.46% Mo – 0.06% Cu – 0.017% AI –
0.040% Mg – 0.0008%

 

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